Most of the tribes listed on this page do not have a
connection to a larger tribe. We list them here so you can find some
information on their history. For a complete listing of our 700 plus
tribes visit Indian History page
formerly on a river and bay of the same name in Washington, now
on Lummi Reservation. Aseakum and Nukhwhaiimikhl were
among their villages.
Sanpoil. A body
of Salish on Sans Poil river and on the Columbia below Big bend,
Washington. Gibbs classed them as one of the 8 bands of
Spokan and also as one of the 6 bands of Okinagan, they being
claimed by both tribes. In 1905 they were reported to
number 324, on the Colville Reservation, but in 1909 their
population was given as only 178, the disparity being attributed
to duplication in previous counts. No treaty was ever made with
these Indians for their lands, the Government taking possession
of their country except such portions as have been set apart by
Executive order for their occupancy.
formerly residing on the river of the same name, an east
tributary of the Willamette, in Oregon. They are now on
Ronde Reservation, where they numbered 23 in 1906. In
1909 the number officially reported was only 5, the remainder
evidently having received patents for their lands and became
citizens. In 1877 Gatschet was able to learn of 4 bands,
Chamifu, Chanchampeneau, Chanchantu and Chantkaip, which had
formerly existed in the tribe.
Satsop. A Salish
division on Satsop River, emptying into Chehalis River,
Washington. Usually classed under the collective term
Salish tribe living about the bay of the same in north west
Washington and south west British Columbia. In 1843 they
numbered about 300 and in 1909 there were 38 of the tribe on the
Salish tribe formerly residing on both sides of Columbia River
from Kettle falls to the Canadian boundary; they also occupied
the valley of Kettle River; Kootenay River form its mouth to the
first falls, and the region of the Arrow Lakes, British
Columbia. In 1909 those in the United States numbered 342
Colville Reservation, Washington.
Siletz. A former
Salishan tribe on a
river of the same name in north west Oregon. It was the
southernmost Salishan tribe on the coast. Latterly the
name was extended to designate all the tribes on the
Reservation in Oregon which belong to the
Yakonan, Kusan, Takilman,
Shahaptian linguistic families.
Squaxon. A Salish
division on the peninsula between Hoods canal and Case inlet,
Washington, under the Puyallup school superintendency.
Population 98 in 1909.
Silish division on the
west side of Puget Sound, Washington. According to Paige
(Ind. Aff. Rep, 329, 1857) they claimed the land from Appletree
cove in the north to Gig Harbor in the south.
Seattle, who gave
his name to the city, was chief of this tribe and the
Dwamish in 1853. Population
441 in 1857, 180 in 1909.
Siuslaw. A. small
Yakonan tribe formerly living on and near Siuslaw River, west
Oregon. It is now nearly extinct, a few survivors only being on
Reservation. The following were the former villages of the
Siuslaw as ascertained by Dorsey in 1884 (Jour.
Am. Folklore, iii, 230, 1890): Khaikuchum, Khachtais,
Hauwiyat, Kruumiyus, Khalakw, Khakhaich, Hilakwitiyus,
Thlachaus, Kwsichichu, Mithlausmintthai, Stthukhwich,
Chimuksaich, Waitus, Shkuteh, Paauwis, Pilumas, Tiekwachi,
Kumkwu, Tsatauwis, Kwuskwemus, Kwulhauunnich, Thlekuaus,
Kwnltsaiya, Pithlkwutsiaus, Wetsiaus, Kuskussu, Kupimithlta,
Tsahais, Matsnikth, Pia, Khaiyumitu, Yukhwustitu, Kwunnumis,
Chinookan tribe found
by Lewis and Clark in 1806 residing on both sides of Columbia
river in Washington and Oregon, above and below the entrance of
Cowlitz river, and numbering in all 2,500 souls. The Hullooetell
may have been a band of them (Orig. Jour. Lewis
and Clark, 111, 196; vi, 68, 117, 1905). They were among
the tribes almost exterminated by the fever epidemic of 1823.
Later their principal village was Cooniac, at Oak Point,
Washington. In 1850 Lane placed their number at 200, but as a
tribe they disappeared from view a few years later. The Seamysty
appear to have been a division.
Skaddal. A tribe
numbering 200 persons, found by Lewis and Clark in 1806 on
Cataract (Klikitat) river, 25 miles north of Big Narrows, in the
present Washington, and mentioned by Robertson in 1846, under
the name Saddals, as numbering 400. They subsisted by hunting
deer and elk, and traded with the Emeeshur and
Skilloot for prepared fish. Classed by
Mooney as a division of the Pisquows living about Boston creek
and Kahchass lake, at the head of Yakima river.
Skagit. A body of
Salish on a river of the same name in Washington, particularly
about its mouth, and on the middle portion of Whidbey island,
especially at Penn's cove. According to Gibbs the population of
the Skagit proper in 1853 was about 300. They are now on
Reservation, Washington. Gibbs makes this division include
the Kikiallu, Nukwatsamish, Towahha, Smalihu, Sakumehu,
Miskaiwhu, Miseekwigweelis, Swinamish, and Skwomamish; but
probably nothing more is meant by this classification than that
the dialects of the several divisions were nearly related and
the geographical position close. Nothing like political union
appears to have existed among them.
Snake. A name
applied to many different bodies of
but most persistently to those of eastern Oregon, to which the
following synonyms refer. These Indians form one dialectic
group with the Paviotso of west Nevada and the
Mono of south east
California. The principal Snake tribes were on the Walpapi
Salish tribe formerly
on the south end of Whidbey Island, Puget Sound and the on the
mainland opposite at the the mouth of Snohomish river,
Washington. Population 350 in 1850. The remnant is now on
Reservation, Washington, mixed with other broken tribes.
Said to be a band of Salish (perhaps one of the Lummi
subdivisions) on Orcas Island of the San Juan group, north west
Washington; now on
to be a subdivision of the Skagit,
formerly on Whidbey Island, north west Washington, now under the
Tulalip school superintendency. The Skagit and Swinomish
together numbered 208 in 1909.
Index of Tribes or Nations