Indian Tribe History
Tschantoga ('people of the woods', from
than, 'tree'). A division of the Assiniboin, which Dobbs
(Hudson's Bay, 35, map, 1744) placed a
considerable distance north west of Lake Winnipeg, Canada. Smet
(Oregon Miss., 150, 1847) said that they
did not number more than 50 lodges, divided into several bands,
and were seldom seen on the plains, but "travel over the
mountains and through the woods, over the different forks and
branches of the sources of the Sascatshawin. and Athabaska."
Jefferys in 1741 placed them north west of Lake Winnipeg, and in
1776 in lat. 55░. Their usual habitat at that time was not far
from Saskatchewan river. They are probably the same as the
who in 1808 were on Battle river and between it and the south
branch of the Saskatchewan, according to Henry (Coues,
Henry-Thompson Jour., ii, 522, 1897). They ranged as far
south as Little Missouri river, if identical with the Oseegah of
Lewis and Clark (Discov., 43, 1806) and
the, Waziah that Hayden found in United States territory, though
they traded at the Hudson's Bay Co.'s posts on Assiniboin river.
Denig said that the Waziah whom he met in Dakota, 60 lodges
under chief Le Robe de Vent, came from the north in 1839.
According to Hayden they numbered 120 to 200 persons in 1862.
Lewis (Statist. View, 1817) said there
were between Little Missouri and Assiniboin rivers 100 lodges,
200 warriors, and a total population of 880. Under the official
designation "Stonies" they now occupy a reserve of 69,720 acres,
divided by Bow river, in the foothills of the Rocky mountains,
about 40 miles west of Calgary, Alberta. They are described as
of pleasant visage, active and fleet of foot, and the most
energetic of all the tribes of the Canadian north west. They
gain a livelihood by stock raising, by selling timber, furs, and
beadwork, and by laboring for ranchmen. A mission was
established among them in 1873, and in 1904 the McDougall
boarding school at Morley accommodated 48 children. Pop. 667 in
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of American Indians, 1906
Canadian Indian Tribes