Indian Tribe History
You will find several tribes listed under another Nation as they are part of
that nation. Some of the Nations do not have a website, and they have been left
unlinked. Using the search feature of your browser will help you navigate this
page and help you quickly find the Nation you are researching.
If you have a web page for an Indian Tribe in
Ontario, Canada and would
like to be included, please
Alderville First Nation, is a thriving First Nations
community that is rich in heritage and native culture with nature and heritage
tours available throughout the year upon request.
Algonquin Anishinabeg Nation Tribal Council
- Première Nation
Abitibiwinni (French Only)
Eagle Village First Nation
Eagle Village First Nation is situated along the
beautiful shores of Kipawa Lake. The name Kipawa comes from the Algonquin
word "kebaowek", which means "enclosed" or "locked up", and refers to the
name of the lake.
Kitcisakik First Nation
- Kitigan Zibi
The Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg community is situated
just outside the municipality of Maniwaki. Covering 18,437 hectares, the
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg First Nation Territory is the largest Algonquin
Nation in Canada.
Conseil de la Nation Anishnabe de Lac Simon
Lac Simon is located on the western shore of Lake
Simon, 32 km southeast of Val-d'Or Quebec. The community occupies a
territory of 326 hectares.
Long Point First Nation
The name "Long Point" was used in the late 19th
century by the Hudson Bay Company when they had a trading post under the
French form "Longue Pointe" and by the Fathers Oblats who had a mission
Wahgoshig First Nation
Nation Tribal Council
The Algonquin Nation Tribal Council is a bicameral
organization consisting of the Algonquin Nation Secretariat and the Algonquin
Nation Programs and Services Secretariat.
Atikamekw d'Opitciwan (French only)
Nation of Chisasibi
Chisasibi is a vibrant young community which has continued
to grow since its relocation from the island of Fort George in 1980-81. The
population comprises approximately of 3,800 Cree, about 150 Inuit, and 300
non-native people who have decided to experience living and working in the
The Crees of Mistissini have resided in the Mistassini
Lake area since time immemorial. In the early 1800's, the community of
Mistissini's actual location was just a summer encampment due to the
establishment of the Hudson Bay Company fur trading post on sight.
Cree Nation of Nemaska
Nemaska is a small Cree community located on the shores of
Lake Champion, in Quebec, Canada. Nemaska is a wonderful place to relax while
taking in the natural beauty of our vast territory.
Nation of Wemindji
Wemindji is a community located at the mouth of the
Maquatua River along the east coast of James Bay. With a population of 1,267
Wemindji is one of nine Cree communities located in northern Quebec.
Essipit (French Only)
Inuit of Nunavik
Nunavik is inhabited by close to 10,000 Inuit who live in
14 modern villages along the coasts of Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay.
Only four of these communities have populations of more than 1000. These are
Kuujjuaq, Puvirnituq, Inukjuak and Salluit. While the people’s mother tongue and
regular language of communication is Inuktitut, many Inuit speak English as a
second language and some French as well.
Akulivik takes its name from surrounding geography. A
peninsula jutting into Hudson Bay between two small bodies of water, the
area evokes the shape of a kakivak, a traditional, trident-shaped spear used
Unlike the majority of Nunavik communities, Aupaluk
did not develop around trading or mission posts. With its abundance of
caribou, fish and marine mammals, it was a traditional camp.
Inukjuak is located on the north bank of the Innuksuak
River, known for its turquoise water and turbulent rapids. The many
archaeological sites scattered along the meandering river evidence thousands
of years of inhabitation.
Ivujivik means "churning and piling of ice (especially
along the shore)", for there are many marine currents in the Ivujivik
region. If you spear a seal in the water, it will disappear under the ice
The village itself stands in the shadow of an imposing
granite rock outcropping which rises to the north of the bay. Despite its
northerly location, the valley sheltering the village is beautified by a
The village is snuggled in the hollow of a splendid
valley surrounded by majestic mountains, a landscape of unspeakable beauty.
Of particular note is the method employed by local Inuit to harvest mussels
Kangirsuk, meaning 'the bay' in Inuktitut, is located
on the north shore of the Payne River, 13 km inland from Ungava Bay. The
village lies between a rocky cliff to the north and a large, rocky hill to
The name Kuujjuaraapik means "small river". It is here
that the ministers who came to spread the word of God first arrived. One
minister in particular, the Reverend W. G. Walton, saw many Inuit each year;
he baptized their children and gave them names.
Its inhabitants continue to practice traditional
subsistence activities in harmony with the tides of the mighty Koksoak River
and the rhythm of the passing seasons.
Puvirnituq means "putrid". It is the place where a
whole village of Inuit died of hunger one winter; no-one survived to tell of
The village of Quaqtaq is located on the eastern shore
of Diana Bay, called Tuvaaluk (the large ice field) in Inuktitut, on a
peninsula which protrudes into the Hudson Strait where it meets Ungava Bay.
The northern Inuit village of Salluit is located on
the Hudson Strait, on the east bank of the Saglouc Fjord, 120 kilometers
east of Ivujivik and 600 kilometers northwest of Kuujjuaq.
Tasiujaq was built on the shores of Leaf Lake at the
head of Deep Harbour on the Finger River.
It is at the foot of a hill resembling an overturned
umiaq (traditional Inuit walrus-skin boat) that Umiujaq was established. The
landscape around the village is splendid and varied.
Kahnawake First Nation
The Mohawks of Kahnawá:ke (Kahnawákeró:non) are an ancient
people with a vibrant culture and rich history. We are one of the eight
communities that make up the Mohawk (Kanien:keha'ka) Nation
Nation Micmac de Gespeg
The Micmacs established permanent settlements around the
Gaspé Bay during the 16th century. By around 1675, the village of Gespeg had
been in contact with European fishermen for several decades, and the Récollet
priest Chrestien Le Clercq was beginning his mission among the Micmacs.
de Manawan (French Only)
Innus de Ekuanitshit (French only)
Listuguj Mi'gmaq Government
In 1853, a piece of land became the Reserve for the
Restigouche Band. Yet, many stories speak about how Restigouche, now Listuguj
was once called Tjigog/Jugugw. It was once located on the south side of the
Restigouche River. (Atholville).
Micmacs of Gesgapegiag
Today, we continue to live in Mi’gmaqi, the eastern region
of what is known today as Canada. It’s here, over our traditional territory,
that the French and English settlers created the provinces of Quebec, Nova
Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Labrador and New Brunswick.
Mohawks of Akwesasne
As you browse through our site, you will see how
geographically unique the Akwesasne Territory is, having an International Border
running through our Territory and further to that, having the two provinces of
Quebec and Ontario within the Canadian side of Akwesasne.
Montagnais de Pakua Shipi (French only)
Montagnais du Lac St.-Jean (French only)
The earliest reference to Naskapis appears around 1643,
when the Jesuit André Richard referred to the "Ounackkapiouek", but little is
known about the group to which Richard was referring, other than that they were
one of many "small nations" situated somewhere north of Tadoussac.
Nation Huronne Wendat
Their name comes form the words wabun (the light) and a'Ki
(the earth), and means "People of the East" or "People of the Morning".
Première nation de Whapmagoostui
We are proud of Whapmagoostui, since it has the
distinction of being the only Cree community in the North to be situated right
beside an Inuit municipality. We take pride in our language, traditions, customs
and the values passed on to us that help shape the positive bonds and friendly
relations we have with our neighbors and visitors.
Première Nation Malecite de Viger (Only Index page English)
The Crees of the Waskaganish First Nation
Timiskaming First Nation is located at the head of Lake
Temiskaming, approximately 600 km from Ottawa. English is the main language
spoken with many people also speaking French and Algonquin.
Waswanipi First Nation