Apache Indian Divisions
The present official designation of the divisions, with
their population in 1903, is as follows:
White Mountain Apache (comprising
the Arivaipa, Tsiltaden or Chilion, Chiricahua, Coyoteros, Mimbrenos,
Mogollones, finals, '"San Carlos," and Tontos), under Ft Apache agency,
Apache consisting of the same divisions as above, under San Carlos
Apache at Angora, Ariz., 38;
Jicarillas under school
superintendent in New Mexico, 782; Mescaleros under Mescalero agency, N.
Chiricahua at Ft Sill, Okla., 298;
Kiowa Apache, under Kiowa
agency, Okla., 156.
Besides these there were 19 Lipan in northwest
Chihuahua, some of the survivors of a tribe which, owing to their
hostility, was almost destroyed, chiefly by Mexican Kickapoo cooperating
with Mexican troops. This remnant was removed from Zaragoza, Coahuila, to
Chihuahua in Oct., 1903, and a year later were brought to the U. S. and
placed under the Mescalero agency in New Mexico. Until 1904 there lived
with the Apache of Arizona a number of Indians of Yuman stock,
particularly "Mohave Apache," or Yavapai, but these are now mostly
established at old Camp McDowell. The forays and conquests of the
Apache resulted in the absorption of a large foreign element, Piman,
Yuman, and Spanish, although captives were treated with disrespect and
marriages with them broke clan ties.
The Pinal Coyoteros, and evidently
also the Jicarillas, had some admixture of Pueblo blood. The Tontos (q.
v.) were largely of mixed blood according to Corbusier, but Hrdlicka's
observations show them to be pure Apache. Tribes or bands known or
supposed to be Apache, but not otherwise identifiable, are the following:
Alacranes, Animas, Bissarhar, Chafalote, Cocoyes, Colina, Doestoe,
Goolkizzen, Janos, Jocomes, Tejua, Tremblers, Zillgaw.
The books presented are for their
historical value only and are not the
opinions of the Webmasters of the site.
of American Indians, 1906
Index of Tribes or Nations