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Treaty of September 2, 1815

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A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one part; and the undersigned Chiefs, Warriors, and Deputies, of the Kickapoo Tribe or Nation, on the part and behalf of the said Tribe or Nation, of the other part.

The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe or nation, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing upon which they stood before the war, have agreed to the following articles:

Article 1. Every injury or act of hostility by one or either of the contracting parties towards the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

Article 2. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America, and all the individuals composing the said Kickapoo tribe or nation.

Article 3. The contracting parties do hereby agree, promise, and oblige themselves, reciprocally, to deliver up all the prisoners now in their hands (by what means so ever the same may have come into their possession) to the officer commanding at Fort Clarke, on the Illinois river, to be by him restored to their respective nations as soon as it may be practicable.

Article 4. The contracting parties, in the sincerity of mutual friendship, recognize, re-establish, and confirm, all and every treaty, contract, and agreement, heretofore concluded between the United States and the Kickapoo tribe or nation.

In witness whereof, the said William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs, warriors, and deputies of the said tribe, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.

William Clark
Ninian Edwards
Auguste Chouteau
Pauwoatam, by his representative, Kenepaso, or the bond prisoner, his x mark
Kiteta, or Otter, his x mark
Kenepaso, or the bond prisoner, his x mark
Teppema, or persuader, his x mark
Cokecambaut, or elk looking back, his x mark
Peywaynequa, or bear, his x mark
Wettassa, or brave, his x mark
Weywaychecawbout, or meeter, his x mark
Autuppehaw, or mover, his x mark
Wesheown, or dirty face, his x mark
Done at Portage des Sioux in the presence of
R. Wash, Secretary to the Commission
T. A. Smith, Brigadier-general, U. S. Army
D’l. Bissell, Brigadier-general
Stephen Byrd, Colonel M. N.
T. Paul, C. C. T.
A. McNair, District Inspector
Thomas Forsyth, Indian agent
Pierre Menard, Indian agent
John W. Johnson, United States factor and Indian agent
Maurice Blondeaux
Samuel Solomon, Enterpreter
Samuel Brady, Lieutenant Eighth U. S. Infantry
Joseph C. Brown
H. Battu
Samuel Whiteside, Captain Illinois Militia


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