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Treaty of September 16, 1815

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A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded at Portage des Sioux, between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one part; and the undersigned, King, Chiefs, and Warriors, of the Iaway [Iowa] Tribe or Nation, on the part and behalf of the said Tribe or Nation, of the other part.

The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe or nation, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing upon which they stood before the war, have agreed to the following articles:

Article I. Every injury, or act of hostility, by one or either of the contracting parties against the other shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

Article II. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States and all the individuals composing the said Iaway tribe or nation.

Article III. The contracting parties do hereby agree, promise, and oblige themselves, reciprocally to deliver up all the prisoners now in their hands, (by what means so ever the same may have come into their possession,) to the officer commanding at St. Louis, to be by him restored to their respective nations, as soon as it may be practicable.

Article IV. The contracting parties, in the sincerity of mutual friendship, recognize, re-establish, and confirm, all and every treaty, contract, and agreement, heretofore concluded between the United States and the said Iaway tribe or nation.

In witness whereof, the said William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the aforesaid king, chiefs, and warriors, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this sixteenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.

William Clark
Ninian Edwards
Auguste Chouteau
Wyingwaha, or hard heart, his x mark
Wongehehronyne, or big chief, his x mark
Wonehee, or the slave, his x mark
Hahraga, the forked horn, his x mark
Eniswahanee, the big axe, his x mark
Washcommanee, the great marcher, his x mark
Wyimppishcoonee, the ill-humored man, his x mark
Ranoingga, the little pipe, his x mark
Wohomppee, the broth, his x mark
Shongatong, the horse jockey, his x mark
Nahocheininugga, without ears, his x mark
Conja, the plumb, his x mark
Chahowhrowpa, the dew-lap, his x mark
Manuhanu, the great walker, his x mark
Chapee, the pine buffaloe, his x mark
Ckugwata, the roller, his x mark
Ishtagrasa, grey eyes, his x mark

Done at Portage des Sioux, in the presence of
R. Wash, Secretary to the Commission
Dl. Bissel, Brigadier-general
R. Paul, C. C. T.
Samuel Brady, Lieutenant
Geo. Fisher, Surgeon, Illinois regiment
P. Chouteau, Agent.
Jno. W. Johnson, United States factor and Indian agent
Samuel Solomon, Interpreter
Maurice Blondeaux
Louis Dorion
Dennis Julien
Jas. McCulloch, Captain


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