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Treaty of October 28, 1815

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A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded at St. Louis between Ninian Edwards and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of one part; and the undersigned Chiefs and Warriors of the Kanzas Tribe of Indians, on the part and behalf of their said Tribe, of the other part.

The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and their said tribe, and of being placed, in all things, and in every respect, upon the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:

Article 1. Every injury or act of hostility by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

Article 2. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing the said Kanzas tribe, and all the friendly relations that existed between them before the war shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed.

Article 3. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.

In witness whereof, the said Ninian Edwards and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this twenty-eighth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.

Ninian Edwards
Auguste Chouteau
Cayezettanzaw, or the big chief, his x mark
Needapy, his x mark
Hazeware, or the buck elk running after the doe, his x mark
Wahanzasby, or the endless, his x mark
Cayebasneenzaw, or the little chief, his x mark
Manshenscaw, or the white plume, his x mark
Cayegettsazesheengaw, or the old chief, his x mark
Mocupamawny, or the walking cloud, his x mark
Washanzare, his x mark
Ezashabe, his x mark
Kaehamony, or the floating down stream, his x mark
Opasheeza, his x mark
Karahsheenzaw, or the little crow, his x mark
Metanezaw, or the foolish robe, his x mark
Wehurasudze, or the red eagle, his x mark
Necolebran, or he who can smell a man, his x mark
Mannanedze, his x mark
Watankezaw, his x mark
Taritchu, or the cow’s rib

Done at St. Louis, in presence of:
R. Wash, Secretary to the Commission
R. Paul, C. T. of the C.
Ja. Kennerly, C. Indian Department
Christian Witt
Gabriel S. Chouteau, Ensign M. M.
G. H. Kennerly,
Thomas Forsyth, Indian agent
Taylor Berry
Antoine Barada
Paul Desjardins
Interpreters


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