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Treaty of June 19, 1818

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A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded by, and between, William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one part, and the undersigned, chiefs and warriors of the Pitavirate Noisy Pawnee tribe, on the part and behalf of their said tribe, of the other part.

The parties, being desirous of establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe, have agreed to the following articles:

Article I. Every injury or act of hostility by one or either of the contracting parties, against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

Article II. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America, and all the individuals composing the said Noisy Pawnee tribe.

Article III. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.

Article IV. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and the tribe they represent, do moreover promise and oblige themselves to deliver up, or cause to be delivered up, to the authority of the United States, (to be punished according to law,) each and every individual of the said tribe, who shall, at any time hereafter, violate the stipulations of the treaty this day concluded between the said Noisy Pawnee tribe and the said States.

In witness whereof, the said William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs and warriors aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names, and affixed their seals, this nineteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the independence of the United States the forty-second.

Wm. Clark
Aug. Chouteau
Taretuushta, the First in War, his x mark
Charuvaru, the Great Chief, his x mark
Skalavalacharo, the only Grand Chief, his x mark
Panukuhike, the Chief Man, his x mark
Ishtataveeirou, the Discoverer, his x mark
Taarakarukaishta, the Handsome Bird, his x mark
Lecoutswaroushtu, the Buffaloe Doctor, his x mark
Tacacatahekou, the Running Wolf, his x mark
Kewatookoush, the Little Fox, his x mark

Done at St. Louis, in the presence of:
R. Wash, Secretary to the Commission
R. Paul, Colonel M. M. C. Interpreter
R. Graham, Indian Agent, Illinois Territory
Jno. O’Fallon, Captain R. Regiment
Jno. Ruland, S. Agent, Trans, etc.
A. L. Papin, Interpreter, Indians
I. T. Honore, Indian Interpreter
S. Julian, United States Indian Interpreter
Josiah Ramsey
Wm. Grayson
John Robedout


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