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Treaty of July 19, 1815

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A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded at Portage des Sioux, between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one part; and the undersigned Chiefs and Warriors of the Teton Tribe of Indians, on the part and behalf of their said Tribe, of the other part.

The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:

Article I. Every injury, or act of hostility, committed by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

Article II. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing the said Teeton tribe; and the friendly relations that existed between them before the war, shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed.

Article III. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves and their aforesaid tribe to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.

In witness whereof, the said William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs and warriors of the said tribe, have hereunto subscribed their names, and affixed their seals this nineteenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.

William Clark
Ninian Edwards
Auguste Chouteau
Eskatapia, the Player, his x mark
Tantanga, the True Buffaloe, his x mark
Weechachamanza, the Man of Iron, his x mark
Ikmouacoulai, the Shooting Tiger, his x mark
Uakahincoukai, the Wind that Passes, his x mark
Mazamanie, the Walker in Iron, his x mark
Wanakagmamee, the Stamper, his x mark
Washeejonjrtga, the Left-handed Frenchman, his x mark
Monetowanari, the Bear’s Soul, his x mark

Done at Portage des Sioux, in the presence of
R. Wash, Secretary to the Xommission
John Miller, Xolonel Third Infantry
H. Dodge, Brigadier-general Missouri Militia
T. Paul, C. T. of the C.
Manuel Lisa, Agent
Thomas Forsyth, Indian agent
Maurice Blondeaux
John A. Cameron
Louis Decouagne
Louis Dorion
Cyrus Edwards
John Hay


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