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Treaty of July 18, 1815

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A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded at Portage des Sioux between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one part; and the undersigned Chiefs and Warriors of the Piankishaw Tribe or Nation, on the part and behalf of the said Tribe or Nation, of the other part.

The parties being anxious of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe or nation, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing upon which they stood before the war, have agreed to the following articles:

Article I. Every injury or act of hostility by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

Article II. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing the Piankishaw tribe or nation.

Article III. The contracting parties, in the sincerity of mutual friendship, recognize, re-establish, and confirm, all and every treaty, contract, or agreement, heretofore concluded between the United States and the said Piankishaw tribe or nation.

In witness of all and every thing herein determined between the United States of America, and the said Piankeshaw tribe or nation: we, their underwritten commissioners, and chiefs aforesaid, by virtue of our full powers, have signed this definitive treaty, and have caused our seals to be hereunto affixed. Done at Portage des Sioux, this eighteenth day of July, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States of America the fortieth.

William Clark
Ninian Edwards
Auguste Choteau
La-ma-noan, or the Axe, his x mark
La-mee-pris-jeau, or Sea-wolf, his x mark
Mon-sai-raa, or Rusty, his x mark
Wa-pan-gia, or Swan, his x mark
Na-maing-sa, or the Fish, his x mark

Done at Portage des Sioux, in the presence of
R. Wash, Secretary to the Commissioners
Thomas Forsyth, Indian agent
N. Boilvin, Agent
T. Paul, C. C. M.
Maurice Blondeaux
John Hay
John Miller, Colonel Third Infantry
Richard Chitwood, Major Mounted
Wm. Irvine Adair, Captain Third Regiment U. S. Infantry
Cyrus Edwards
Saml. Solomon
Jacques Mette
Louis Decouagne
John A. Cameron

sworn interpreters.
F. Duchouquet, United States interpreter
W. Louis Bufait, Indian interpreter
J. Bts. Chandonnai, Interpreter,
W. Knaggs
Antoine Bondi
Jean Bt. Massac, his x mark


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