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Treaty of August 2, 1847

Posted By Dennis Partridge On In Minnesota,Native American | No Comments

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at the Fond du Lac of Lake Superior, on the second day of August, in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven, between the United States, by their commissioners, Issac A. Verplank and Henry M. Rice, and the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, by their chiefs and head-men.

Article I. It is agreed that the peace and friendship which exists between the people of the United States and the Chippewa Indians shall be perpetual.

Article II. The Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior cede and sell to the United States all the land within the following boundaries, viz: Beginning at the junction of the Crow Wing and Mississippi Rivers, thence up the Crow Wing River to the junction of that river with the Long Prairie River, thence up the Long Prairie River to the boundary-line between the Sioux and Chippewa Indians, thence southerly along the said boundary-line to a lake at the head of Long Prairie River, thence in a direct line to the sources of the Watab River, thence down the Watab to the Mississippi River, thence up the Mississippi to the place of beginning; and also all the interest and claim which the Indians, parties to this treaty, have in a tract of land lying upon and north of Long Prairie River, and called One-day’s Hunt; but, as the boundary-line between the Indians, parties to this treaty, and the Chippewa Indians, commonly called “Pillagers,” is indefinite, it is agreed that before the United States use or occupy the said tract of land north of Long Prairie River, the boundary-line between the said tract and the Pillager lands shall be defined and settled to the satisfaction of the Pillagers.

Article III. In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States agree to pay to the Chippewas of Lake Superior seventeen thousand dollars in specie, and to the Chippewas of the Mississippi seventeen thousand dollars in specie; the above sums to be paid at such place or places, and in such manner, as the President shall direct, and to be paid within six months after this treaty shall be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States; and the United States further agree to pay to the Mississippi Indians the sum of one thousand dollars annually for forty-six years; but it is agreed that whenever the Chippewas of the Mississippi shall agree as to the schools to be established, and the places at which they shall be located, the number of blacksmiths and laborers to be employed for them, and shall request the United States to expend, from year to year, the annual payments remaining unpaid, in the support of schools, blacksmiths, and laborers, the same shall be expended by the United States for such purposes; and that Chippewas of full or mixed blood shall be employed as teachers, blacksmiths, and laborers, when such persons can be employed who are competent to perform the duties required of them under this and all former treaties.

Article IV. It is stipulated that the half or mixed bloods of the Chippewas residing with them shall be considered Chippewa Indians, and shall, as such, be allowed to participate in all annuities which shall hereafter be paid to the Chippewas of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, due them by this treaty, and by the treaties heretofore made and ratified.

Article V. [Stricken out.]

Article VI. This treaty shall be obligatory upon the contracting parties when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.

In testimony whereof, the said Isaac A. Verplank and Henry M. Rice, commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs, headmen and warriors of the Chippewas of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, have hereunto set their hands, at the Fond du Lac of Lake Superior, this second day of August, in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven.

Isaac A. Verplank
Henry M. Rice
Kai-ah-want-eda, 2d chief, his x mark, Crow-wing
Waub-o-jceg, 1st chief, his x mark, Gull Lake
Uttom-auh, 1st warrior, his x mark, Crow-wing
Shen-goob, 1st warrior, his x mark, Crow-wing
Que-wish-an-sish, 1st warrior, his x mark, Gull Lake
Maj-c-gah-bon, 2d warrior, his x mark, Crow-wing
Kag-gag-c-we guon, warrior, his x mark, Crow-wing
Mab uk-um-ig, warrior, his x mark, Crow-wing
Nag aun cg-a bon, 2d chief, his x mark, Sandy Lake
Wan jc-ke-shig-uk, chief, his x mark, Sandy Lake
Kow-az-rum-ig-ish-kung. warrior, his x mark, Sandy Lake
Ke-che-wask keenk, 1st chief, his x mark, Lapointe
Gab im ub-be, chief, his x mark, St. Croix Lake
Kee-che-waub-ish-ash, 1st chief, his x mark, Pelican Lakes
Nig-gig, 2d chief, his x mark, Pelican Lakes
Ud-c-kum-ag, 2d chief, his x mark, Lac flambeau
Ta-che-go-onk, 3d chief, his x mark, Lapointe
Muk-no-a-wuk-und, warrior, his x mark, Lapointe
O-sho-gaz, warrior, his x mark, St. Croix
A-dow-c-re-shig, warrior, his x mark, Lapointe
Keesh-ri-tow-ng, 1st warrior, his x mark, Lapointe
I-aub-ans, chief, his x mark, Rice Lake
Tug-wany-am-az, 2d chief, his x mark, Lapointe
O-rum-de-kun, chief, his x mark, Ontonagin
Keesh-re-tow-no, 2d chief, his x mark, Ontonagin
Maj-c-wo-we-clung, 2d chief, his x mark, Puckaguno
Ke-che-wa-mibco-osk, 1st chief, his x mark, Puckaguno
Mongo-o-sit, 3d chief, his x mark, Fond-du-lac
Mug-un-ub, 2d chief, his x mark, Fond-du-lac
An-im-as-ung, 1st warrior, his x mark, Fond-du-lac
Waub-ish-ashe, 1st chief, his x mark, Chippeway River
Make-cen-gun, 2d chief, his x mark, Chippeway River
Kee-wan-see, chief, his x mark, Lac Contereille
Ten-as-see, chief, his x mark, Puk-wa-wun
Nag-an-is, 2d chief, his x mark, Lac Contereille
Ke-chi-in-in-e, 1st warrior, his x mark, Puk-wa-wun
Ke-che-now-uj-c-nim, chief, his x mark, Turtle Portage
Bus-e-guin-jis, warrior, his x mark, Lac flambeau
Shin-goob, 1st chief, his x mark, Fond-du-lac
Shay-u-ash-cens, 1st chief, his x mark, Grand Portage
Ud-ik-ons, 2d chief, his x mark, Grand Portage
Me-zye, 4th chief, his x mark, Lapointe
David King, 1st chief, his x mark, Ance
Ma-tak-o-se-ga, 1st warrior, his x mark, Ance
Assurcens, 2d warrior, his x mark, Ance
Peter Marksman, chief
Alexander Corbin, chief
William W. W. Warren, 1st chief
Jno. Pta. Rellenger, his x mark
Charles Charlo, his x mark
Chief, Battiste Gauthier, his x mark

Half-breeds—Lapointe Band:

Chief, Vincent Roy, his x mark
Warrior, John Btse. Cadotte, his x mark
Second Chief, Lemo Sayer, his x mark
Warrior, Jhn. Btse. Roy, his x mark
Michel Bas-he-na, his x mark
Lueson Godin, his x mark
John Sayer, his x mark
Chief, Lueson Corbin, his x mark

Witnesses:

Wm. W. Warren, Interpreter
Chas. H. Oakes, Lapointe
Roswell Hart, Rochester, New York
Henry Evans, Batavia, New York
A. Morrison
S. Hovers
Mamoci M.Samuel
Henry Blatchford, Interpreter
William A. Aitken
Julius Ombrian

The following signatures are those of chiefs and headmen parties to this treaty:

Ke-nesh-te-no, chief, Trout Lake, his x mark
Mah-shah, 1st warrior, his x mark, Lac Flambeau
I-oush-ou-c-ke-shik, chief, his x mark, Red Cedar Lake
Mah-ko-dah, 1st warrior, his x mark
Mille LacPe-tud, 1st chief, his x mark, Mille Lac
Aunch-e-be-nas, 2d warrior, his x mark, Mille Lac
Mish-in-nack-in-ugo, warrior, his x mark, Red Cedar Lake
Gah-nin-dum-a-win-so, 1st chief, his x mark, Sandy Lake
Mis-quod-ase, warrior, his x mark, Sandy Lake
Na-tum-e-gaw-bow, 2d chief, his x mark, Sandy Lake
I-ah-be-dua-we-dung, warrior, his x mark, Sandy Lake
Bi-a-jig, 1st chief, his x mark, Pukaguno
joseph Montre, 1st chief, Mississippi half-breeds

Witnesses:

Wm. W. Warren
Peter Marksman

Interpreters:

Smith Hovers
The signature of No-din, or The Wind, written by his request on the 3d day of August, 1847, and with the consent of the Commissioners:
No-din, or The Wind, his x mark

In presence of:

William A. Aitkin
R. B. Carlton
I approve of this treaty, and consent to the same, August 3d, 1847. Fond-du-lac
Po-go-ne-gi-shik, or Hole-in-the-day, his x mark

Witness:

William Aitkin
D. T. Sloan


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