Snohomish Indians

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Snohomish Indians. Meaning unknown but evidently the name of a place. Also called:

  • Ashnuhumsh, Kalapuya name.

Snohomish Connections. The Snohomish belonged to the Nisqually dialectic group of the coastal division of the Salishan linguistic stock.

Snohomish Location. On the lower course of Snohomish River and on the southern end of Whidbey Island.

Snohomish Subdivisions

  • Sdugwadskabsh, the south portion of Whidbey Island, including villages opposite Mukilteo on Whidbey (Negua’sx) Island and at Newell on Useless Bay.
  • Skwilsi’diabsh, from Preston Point, above Everett, to the southern tip of Camano Island, including a village at Marysville and Tcatcthlks opposite Tulalip on Tulalip Bay.
  • Snohomish, Port Gardner Bay and Snohomish River as far up as Snohomish, including Tctlaks at Everett on the south side of the mouth of Snohomish River and Hibolb on the north side of its mouth.
  • Tukwetlbabsh, on Snohomish River from Snohomish to Monroe, including villages at Snohomish at the mouth of Pilchuck Creek and below Monroe 2 miles from the confluence of the Skykomish and the Snoqualmie.

Snohomish Population. Mooney (1928) estimated the population of the Snohomish, the Snoqualmie, the Tulalip, and some others at 1,200 in 1780. In 1850 there were 350 Snohomish. The census of 1910 gives 664, evidently including other bands, and the United States Office of Indian Affairs, 667 in 1937.

Connection in which the Snohomish Indians have become noted. The name of the Snohomish is perpetuated in Snohomish River, Snohomish County, and a city in that county.

MLA Source Citation:

Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953. Web. 1 February 2015. - Last updated on Jul 4th, 2012

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