San Arcs Tribe

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San Arcs Indians, San Arcs Indian Tribe (French trans. of Itazipcho ‘without bows,’ from itazipa, ‘bow,’ and cho, abbrev of chodan, ;without;).  A band of the Teton Sioux,  Hayden about 1860, says that they and the Hunkpapa and Sihasapa “occupy nearly the same district and are so often camped near each other, and are otherwise so connected in their operations as scarcely to admit of being treated separately.” On the other hand, Warren (Dacota Country) indicates that their closest relations were with the Miniconjou.

San Arcs Divisions

Their divisions as given by Swift in a letter to Dorsey (1884) are:

  1. Itazipcho (Without bows);
  2. Shinalutaoin (Scarletcloth earring);
  3. Wolutayuta (Eat-dried venison-from-the-hind-quarter);
  4. Mazpegnaka (Wear-metal-in-the-hair);
  5. Tatankachesli (Dung-of-a-buffalo-bull) ;
  6. Shikshichela (Bad-ones-of-different-kinds)
  7. Tiyopaoshanunpa (Smokes-at-the-entrance-to-the-lodge

San Arcs Treaties

The Sans Arcs entered into a peace treaty with the United States at Ft Sully, South Dakota, Oct. 20, 1865, and were a party also to the treaty of Ft Laramie, Wyoming, Apr. 29, 1868.

MLA Source Citation:

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906. Web. 25 January 2015. - Last updated on Oct 12th, 2013

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