Salishan Indian Dialects

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The Salishan dialects may be grouped as follows:

  • Dialects of the Interior
    • Lillooet in west British Columbia
    • Ntlakyapamuk (Thompson Indians) in south west British Columbia
    • Shusowap in south central British Columbia
    • Okinagan in south east British Columbia, extending into the United States, the subdivisions of which are
    • Flathead in eastern Washington, Idaho, and Montana, subdivisions of which are
    • Skitswish or Coeur d’Alènes in nothern Idaho
    • Columbia groups in the west part of the interior of Washington, including the
      • Pisquow or Wenatchi
      • Sinkinse
      • Methow, and other local divisions.
  • Coast Dialects
    • Bellacoola, a group of tribes on Bentinck Arm and Deans inlet, British Columbia
    • Comox group on the north part of the Gulf of Georgia, with two subdivisions
      • Comox proper, including
        • Comox and Ehksen
        • Hornalko
        • Kaiike
        • Kakekt
        • Seuehelt of Jervis inlet
        • Sliammon
        • Tatpods
      • Puntlatsh, including
        • Hwahwatl
        • Puntlatsh
        • Saanien
    • Coccichan group in the neighborhood of Nanaimo on Vancouver island., and in the delta of Fraser river. It embraces, on Vancouver island
      • Clemclemalats
      • Comiakin
      • Hellelt
      • Kenipsim
      • Kilpanlus
      • Koksilah
      • Kulleets
      • Lilmalche
      • Malakut
      • Nanaimo
      • Penelakut
      • Quamichan
      • Siccameen
      • Snonowas
      • Somenos
      • Tateke
      • Yekolaos in the Fraser valley
      • Chehalis
      • Chilliwack
      • Coquitlam
      • Ewawoos
      • Katsey
      • Kelatl
      • Kwantlen
      • Matsqui
      • Musqueam
      • Nehaltmoken
      • Nicomen
      • Ohamil
      • Pilalt
      • Popkum
      • Samahquam
      • Scowlitz
      • Sewathen
      • Siyita
      • Skwawalooks
      • Snonkweametl
      • Squawtits
      • Sumass
      • Tsakuam
    • Squawmish group, including
      • Squawmish of Burrard inlet and Howe sound and probably
      • Nooksak of north Washington
    • Songish group, on Juan de Fuca straight, San Juan island, and parts of the coasts of Washington and British Columbia. It includes
      • Clallam (Wash.)
      • Lummi (Wash.)
      • Samish (Wash.)
      • Sanetch (Brit. Col.)
      • Semiahmoo (Brit. Col. and Wash.)
      • Songish (Brit. Col.)
      • Sooke (Brit. Col.)
    • Nisqualli group, embracing all tribes east of Puget sound and south to Mt Tacoma, and, on the west side, the region up to Olympia, except Hood canal. It includes two dialectic divisions – Nisqualli and the Snohomish. Well-known divisions are:
      • Nisqualli proper,
      • Dwamish
      • Puyallup
      • Skagit
      • Snoqualmu or Snoquamish
      • Squaxon. Following are the names of some of the numerous bands
        • Nisqualli
        • Etaknehu
        • Kwehtlmamish (?)
        • Nukwatsamish
        • Nusehtsatl
        • Potoashees
        • Sahewamish
        • Sakumehu
        • Samamieh
        • Sawmnish
        • Sekamish
        • Shomatnish
        • Shotlemamish
        • Skihwamish
        • Skopamish
        • Smulkamish
        • Squacum
        • Stehtsasamish
        • Steilacoomamish
        • Suquamish
        • Towahhah.
        • Other bands which may belong here, but which cannot be identified
          • Neutubvig
          • Nuchwugh
          • Opichiken
          • Sinslikhooish
          • Sintootoolish
          • Sktehlmish
    • Twana group, on Hood canal, Puget sound, including
    • Chehalis group, embracing six dialects, which show considerable variation. These are the
    • Tillamook on the coast of Oregon, including
      • Tillamook or Nestucca, Tillamook is the Chinook name for the tribe whose territory is called in Chinook, Nehalem.
      • Siletz.

MLA Source Citation:

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906. Web. 27 January 2015. - Last updated on Sep 27th, 2013


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