Pueblo Indians

Search Fold3 for your
Native American Records

Pueblo Indians. A general name for those Indians in the Southwest who dwelt in stone buildings as opposed to the tribes living in more fragile shelters, pueblo being the word for “town” or “village” in Spanish. It is not a tribal or even a stock name, since the Pueblos belonged to four distinct stocks. Following is the classification of Pueblos made by F. W. Hodge (1910) except that the Kiowa have since been connected with the Tanoans and a few minor changes have been introduced:

  • Kiowa-Tanoan linguistic stock:
    • Tiwa Group
      • Isleta Pueblo
      • Isleta del Sur Pueblo (Mexicanized)
      • Sandia Pueblo
      • Taos Pueblo
      • Picuris Pueblo
    • Jemez Group
      • Jemez Pueblo
      • Pecos Pueblo (extinct)
    • Piro Group
      • Senecu Pueblo
      • Senecu del Sur Pueblo (Mexicanized)
    • Tewa Group
      • Northern Division:
        • Nambe Pueblo
        • Tesuque Pueblo
        • San Ildefonso Pueblo
        • San Juan Pueblo
        • Santa Clara Pueblo
        • Pojoaque Pueblo (recently extinct)
        • Hano Pueblo
      • Southern Division
        • Tano Pueblo (practically extinct)
  • Keresan linguistic stock
    • Eastern Group
      • San Felipe Pueblo
      • Santa Ana Pueblo
      • Sia Pueblo
      • Cochiti Pueblo
      • Santo Domingo Pueblo
    • Western Group
      • Acoma Pueblo
      • Laguna Pueblo and outlying villages
  • Zufiian linguistic stock
    • Zuni Group
      • Zuni Pueblo and its outlying villages.
  • Shoshonean linguistic stock, part of the Uto-Aztecan stock
    • Hopi Group
      • Walpi Pueblo
      • Sichomovi Pueblo
      • Mishongnovi Pueblo
      • Shipaulovi Pueblo
      • Shongopovi Pueblo
      • Oraibi Pueblo

The Pueblo Indians in New Mexico are being considered at length under the following heads: Jemez, Keresan Pueblos, Piro Pueblos, Tewa Pueblos, Tiwa Pueblos, and Zuni; the Hopi are considered under Arizona. (See also Colorado, Nevada, and Texas.)

Connection in which they have become noted. The Pueblo Indians have become famous from the fact that, unlike all of their neighbors, they lived in communal stone houses and in stone dwellings perched along the canyon walls; from their peculiar customs and ceremonies, such as the Snake Dance; and from their real and supposed connection with the builders of the stone ruins with which their country and neighboring parts of the Southwest abound. In recent years they have been subjects of interest to artists and writers and an attempt has been made to base a style of architecture upon the type of their dwellings. They are of historic interest as occupants of one of the two sections of the United States first colonized by Europeans.

MLA Source Citation:

Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 21 January 2015. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pueblo-indians.htm - Last updated on Jan 5th, 2013

Categories: , , , ,

Contribute to the Conversation!

Our "rules" are simple. Keep the conversation on subject and mind your manners! If this is your first time posting, we do moderate comments before we let them appear... so give us a while to get to them. Once we get to know you here, we'll remove that requirement.

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Newsletter Signup

We currently provide two newsletters. Why not take both for a run?

Genealogy Update: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new, or significantly updated, collection or database on our website.

Circle of Nations: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new (or significantly updated) Native American collection or database on our website.

Once you've clicked on the Subscribe button above you'll receive an email from us requesting confirmation. You must confirm the email before you will be able to receive any newsletter.

Connect With Us!

Pin It on Pinterest


Share This

Share this post with your friends!