Many tribes have sub-tribes, bands, gens, clans and phratry. Often very little information is known or they no longer exist. We have included them here to provide more information about the tribes.
Piegan Indian Bands, Gens and Clans
Ekatopistaks (‘half-dead meat’- Morgan ; the band that have finished packing Hayden). A division of the Piegan tribe of the Siksika (q. v. ), probably extinct.
Emitaks (E’-mi-taks, dogs) .A society of the Ikunuhkahtsi, or All Comrades, in the Piegan tribe; it is composed of old men who dress like, and dance with and like, the Issui, though forming a different society. Grinnell, Blackfoot Lodge Tales, 221, 1892.
Esksinaitupiks (worm people). A division of the Piegan.
Etskainah (Ēts-kai’-nah, ‘horns’). A society of the Ikunuhkahtsi, or All Comrades, among the Siksika; it is obsolete among the southern Piegan, but still exists with the northern Piegan and the Kainah. It is regarded as having originated with the latter and extended to the other divisions. The Sinopah (Kit-fox) society among the southern Piegan is practically identical with it. The present Etskainah society is said to have taken on some of the functions of the Stumiks (Bulls), now extinct. The members carry a crooked staff and are supposed to have magical powers (Wissler, inf’n, 1906). See Grinnell, Blackfoot Lodge Tales, 221, 1892.
Ipoksimaiks (I′-pok-si-rnaiks, ‘fat roasters’). A division of the Piegan.
Issui (Is′-sui, tails that can be seen from the front, in allusion to a buffalo-tail worn on the hip. Wissler). A society of the Ikunuhkahtsi, or All Comrades, among the Piegan Siksika. It is composed of old men who dress like and dance with and like the Emitaks, though forming a different society. Grinnell, Blackfoot Lodge Tales, 221,1892.