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Oklahoma Indian Reservations

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A list of Oklahoma Indian reservations showing the Indian tribes the land was set aside for, the amount of acres if known, and the acts, treaties, and executive orders used to establish the reservation.

Reservation: Cherokee
Tribes: Cherokee
Acres: 877,229
Established by: Treaties of Feb. 14, 1833 (VII, 414), Dec. 29, 1835 (VII, 478), and July 19, 1866 (XIV, 799); agreement of Dec. 19, 1891, ratified by act of Mar. 3, 1893 (XXVII, 640); agreement ratified by act of July 1, 1902 (XXII, 716). [Lands subsequently allotted.]


Reservation: Cheyenne and Arapaho
Tribes: Southern Arapaho, and Northern and Southern Cheyenne
Acres:
Established by: Executive order, Aug. 10, 1869; unratified agreement with Wichita, Caddo, and other tribes, Oct. 19, 1872; Executive orders of Apr. 18, 1882, and Jan. 17, 1883, relative to Fort Supply military reserve (relinquished for disposal under act of Congress of July 5, 1894, by authority of Executive order of Nov. 5, 1894; see Gen. Land Off. Rep., 1899, p. 158). Executive order of July 17, 1883, relative to Fort Reno military reserve. Agreement made in October, 1890, confirmed in Indian appropriation act approved Mar. 3,1891 (XXVII, 1022-1026). 529,682.06 acres were allotted to 3,294 Indians, 231,828.55 acres for Oklahoma school lands, 32,343.93 acres reserved for military, agency, mission, and other purposes, and the residue of 3,500,562.05 acres was opened to settlement by the President’s proclamation of Apr. 12, 1892 (XXVII, 1018), and Executive order of July 12, 1895. See President’s proclamation of Aug. 12, 1903 (XXXIII, 2317).


Reservation: Chickasaw
Tribes: Chickasaw
Acres: 1,690,964
Established by: Treaty of June 22, 1855 (XI, 611); agreement of Apr. 23, 1897, ratified by act of June 28, 1898 (XXX, 505); act of July 1, 1902 (XXIII, 641), ratifying agreement of Mar. 21, 1902; act of Apr. 21, 1904 (XXXIII, 209); act of Apr. 28, 1904 (XXXIII, 544). Lands now in process of allotment.


Reservation: Choctaw
Tribes: Choctaw
Acres: 3,505,766
Established byTreaty of June 22, 1855 (XI, 611); agreement of Apr. 23, 1897, ratified by act of June 28, 1898 (XXX, 505); act of July 1, 1902 (XXIII, 641), ratifying agreement of Mar. 21, 1902; act of Apr. 21, 1904 (XXXIII, 209); act of Apr. 28, 1904 (XXXIII, 544). Lands now in process of allotment.


Reservation: Creek
Tribes: Creek, Tonkawa
Acres: 626,044
Established by: Treaties of Feb. 14, 1833 (VII, 417), and June 14, 1866 (XIV, 785), and deficiency appropriation act of Aug. 5, 1882 (XXII, 265; agreement of Jan. 19, 1889, ratified by act of Mar. 1, 1889 (XXV, 757): President’s proclamation of Mar. 23, 1889 (XXVI, 1544); agreement of Sept. 27,1897, ratified by act of June 28, 1898 (XXX,514): agreement of Mar. 8,1900, ratified by act of Mar. 1, 1901 (XXXI, 861); President’s proclamation of June 25, 1901 (XXXI,1071); agreement of Feb., 1902, ratified by act of June 30, 1902 (XXXII, 500): President’s proclamation of Aug. 8, 1902 (XXXII, 2021). (See act of May 27, 1902, XXXII, 258; act of Apr. 21, 1904 (XXXIII, 204). Lands now in process of allotment.


Reservation: Iowa
Tribes: Iowa, Tonkawa
Acres:
Established by: Executive order, Aug. 15. 1883: agreement of May 20, 1890, ratified by act of Feb. 13, 1891 (XXVI, 753). 8,685.30 acres were allotted to 109 Indians, 20 acres held in common for church, school, etc.; the residue was opened to settlement by proclamation of the President, Sept. 18, 1891 (XXVII, 989).


Reservation: Kansa
Tribes: Kansa, or Kaw
Acres:
Established by: Act of June 5, 1872 (XVII, 228). 260 acres reserved for cemetery, school, and town site. Remainder, 99,877 acres, allotted to 247 Indians; act of July 1, 1902 (XXXII, 636), ratifying agreement, not dated.


Reservation: Kickapoo
Tribes: Mexican Kickapoo
Acres:
Established by: Executive order, Aug. 15, 1883; agreement of June 21, 1891, ratified by act of Mar. 3, 1893 (XXVII, 557). 22,529.15 acres were allotted to 283 Indians, 479.72 acres reserved for mission, agency, and school purposes; the residue was opened to settlement by proclamation of the President, May 18, 1895 (XXII, 868); act of Mar. 3, 1903 (XXXII, 1001).


Reservation: Kiowa and Comanche
Tribes: Apache, Comanche, Kiowa
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Oct. 21, 1867 (xv, 581, 589); agreement made Oct. 6, 1892, ratified by act of June 6, 1900 (xxii, 676). The cession embraced 2,488,893 acres, of which 443.338 acres have been allotted to 2,759 Indians and 11,972 acres reserved for agency, school, religious, and other purposes; the residue of 2,033,583 acres was opened to settlement. President’s proclamations of July 4, 1901 (xxxii, 1975), June 23, 19112 (xxxii, 2007), Sept. 4, 1902 (xxxii, 2026), and Mar. 29, 1904 (xxxiii, 2340). Of the 480,000 acres grazing land set, apart under act of June 6 1900, 1,841.92 acres were reserved for town sites tinder act of Mar. 20, 1906 (xxxiv, 801), 82,059.52 acres were allotted to 513 Indians under act of June 5, 1901; (xxxiv, 213), and 480 acres allotted to 3 Indians under act of June 5, as amended by act of Map. 7, 1907 (xxxiv, 1018). The remaining 395,618.56 acres were turned over to the General Land Office for disposal under acts of June 5 and June 28, 1906, and proclamation of Sept. 19, 1906.


Reservation: Modoc
Tribes: Modoc
Acres:
Established by: Agreement with Eastern Shawnee made June 23, 1874, and confirmed in Indian appropriation act approved Mar. 3, 1875 (xvIII, 447). The lands were all allotted, 3,976 acres to 68 Indians, 8 acres reserved church and cemetery purposes. 2 acres for school, and 24 acres for timber.


Reservation: Oakland
Tribes: Tonkawa, Lipan
Acres:
Established by: Act of May 27, 1878 (xx, 84). Obtained by deeds from Cherokee, dated June 14, 1883 (Indian Deeds, vi, 476), and from Nez Percé, dated May 22, 1885 (Indian Deeds, vi, 504). 11,273.79 acres were allotted to 73 Indians, 160.50 acres reserved for Government and school purposes, and the residue of 79,276.60 acres was opened to settlement. Agreement made Oct. 21, 1891, ratified by Indian appropriation act approved Mar. 3, 1893 (xxvIi, 644).


Reservation: Osage
Tribes: Great and Little Osage, Quapaw
Acres: 1,470,058
Established by: Cherokee treaty of July 19, 1866 (xIv, 804); order of Secretary of the Interior, Mar. 27, 1871; act of June 5, 1872 (xvII, 228); deed from Cherokee, dated June 14, 1883 (Indian Deeds, vi, 482). Lands now in process of allotment.


Reservation: Oto
Tribes: Oto, Missouri
Acres:
Established by: Act of Mar. 3, 1881 (xxI, 381); order of the Secretary of the Interior, June 25,1881; Cherokee deed, dated June 14, 1883 (Indian Deeds, vi, 479). Under acts of Feb. 8, 1887 (xxiv, 388), Feb. 28, 1891 (xxvl, 794), and Apr. 21, 1904 (xxxIII, 189), 127,711.22 acres were allotted to 514 Indians (885 allotments). 720 acres were reserved for agency, school, church, and cemetery purposes, and 640 acres set aside for tribal uses.


Reservation: Ottawa
Tribes: Ottawa of Blanchards Forks and Roche de Boeuf
Acres: 1,587
Established by: Treaty of Feb. 23, 1867 (xv, 513), 12, 714.80 acres were allotted to 157 Indians; 557.95 acres were authorized to be sold by act of Mar. 3, 1891 (xxvi, 989); the residue, 1,587.25 acres, unallotted.


Reservation: Pawnee
Tribes: Pawnee
Acres:
Established by: Act of Apr. 10, 1876 (XIX, 29). Of this 230,014 acres are Cherokee and 53,006 acres are Creek lands (see Indian Deeds. vi. 470): 112,859.84 acres were allotted to 821 Indians, 840 acres reserved for school, agency, and cemetery purposes, and the residue of 169,320 acres was opened to settlement. Agreement made Nov. 23, 1892, ratified by act of Mar. 3, 1893 (XXVII, 644).


Reservation: Peoria
Tribes: Kaskaskia, Miami, Peoria, Piankashaw, Wea
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Feb. 23, 1867 (xv, 513), 43,450 acres allotted to 218 Indians. The residue, 6,313.27 acres, sold under act of May 27, 1902 (xxxii, 245).


Reservation: Ponca
Tribes: Ponca
Acres: 320
Established by: Acts of Aug. 15, 1876 (xIx, 192), Mar. 3, 1877 (xix, 287), May 27, 1978 (xx, and Mar. 3, 1881 (xXI, 422). Obtained by deed from Cherokee, dated June 14, 1883 (Indian Deeds, vI, 473): there have been allotted to 784 Indians 101,050.75 acres, and reserved for agency, school, mission, and cemetery purposes 523.56 acres, leaving unallotted and unreserved 320 acres. Indian appropriation act, approved Apr. 21, 1904 (xxxiii, 217).


Reservation: Potawatomi
Tribes: Absentee Shawnee, Potawatomi
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Feb. 27, 1867 (xv, 531); act of Slay 23, 1872 (XVII, 159); agreements with citizen Potawatomi, June 25, and absentee Shawnee, June 26, 1890, ratified and confirmed by the Indian appropriation act of Mar. 3, 1891 (xxvii, 1016-1021). 222.716 acres are Creek ceded lands and 365,851 acres Seminole lands. 215,679.42 acres were allotted to 1,489 Potawatomi, 70,791.47 acres to 563 absentee Shawnee, 510.63 acres were reserved for Government purposes, and the residue was opened to settlement by the President’s proclamation of Sept. 18, 1891 (xxvII, 989).


Reservation: Quapaw
Tribes: Quapaw
Acres:
Established by: Treaties of May 13, 1833 (vii, 424), and Feb. 23, 1867 (xv, 513. 56,245.21 acres were allotted to 247 Indians, 400 acres reserved for school, and 40 acres for church purposes. Agreement of Mar. 23, 1893, ratified in Indian appropriation act, approved Mar. 2, 1895 (xxVIII, 907). Agreement of Jan. 2, 1899, ratified in Indian appropriation act approved Mar. 3,1901(xxxi, 1067). Act of Mar. 3, 1903 (xxiII, 997.)


Reservation: Sac and Fox
Tribes: Ottawa, Sauk and Foxes of the Mississippi
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Feb. 18, 1867 (xv, 495); agreement of June 12, 1890, ratified by act of Feb. 13, 1891 (xxvii, 749). 87,683.64 acres were allotted to 548 Indians and 800 acres reserved for school and agency purposes; the residue was opened to settlement by the President’s proclamation, Sept. 18, 1891 (xxvii, 989).


Reservation: Seminole
Tribes: Seminole
Acres: 21,374
Established by: Treaty of Mar. 21, 1866 (xiv, 755); Creek agreement, Feb. 14, 1881, and deficiency act of Aug. 5, 1882 (xxII, 265). Agreement of Mar. 16, 1889 (see Indian appropriation act approved Mar. 2, 1889.) Agreement recorded in treaty book, vol, 3, p. 35. Agreement of Oct. 7, 1899, ratified by act of June 2, 1900 (xxxi, 250). Agreement made Dec. 16, 1897, ratified by act of Congress approved July 1, 1898 (xxx, 567).


Reservation: Seneca
Tribes: Seneca
Acres:
Established by: Treaties of Feb. 28,1831 (VII, 348), Dec. 29,1832 (vii, 411), and Feb. 23, 1867 (xv, 513). 25,821.55 acres were allotted to 302 Indians, and 104.22 acres reserved for Government, church, and school purposes. Agreement of Dec. 2,1901, ratified by act of May 27, 1902 (xxiII, 262).


Reservation: Shawnee
Tribes: Seneca, Eastern Shawnee
Acres:
Established by: Treaties of July 20, 1831 (VII, 351). Dec. 29, 1832 (vii, 411), and Feb. 23, 1867 (xv, 513): agreement with Modoc, made June 23, 1874, and confirmed by Congress in Indian appropriation act approved Mar. 3, 1870 (xvIII, 447). 10,484.81 acres were allotted to 84 Indians, and 86 acres reserved for agency purposes; the residue, 2,543 acres, sold (agreement of Dec. 2, 1901, ratified by act of May 27, 1902, xxiII, 262).


Reservation: Wichita
Tribes: Caddo, Delawares, Ioni (Hainai) Kichal, Towakoni, Wasco, Wichita
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of July 4, 1866, with Delawares (xiv, 794); unratified agreement of Oct. 19, 1872; agreement made June 4, 1891, ratified by act of Mar. 2, 1895 (xxviii, 895). 152,991 acres were allotted to 9651ndians, 4,151 acres reserved for agency, school, religious, and other purposes, and the residue of 586,468 acres was opened to settlement. President’s proclamation of July 4, 1901 (xxxii, 1975).


Reservation: Wichita
Tribes:Caddo, Delawares, Ioni (Hainai) Kichal, Towakoni, Wasco, Wichita
Acres: 1,511,576
Established by: Act of May 4, 1896 (xxix, 113); President’s proclamation of Mar. 16, 1896 (xxix, 878). Unoccupied Chickasaw and Choctaw leased lands west of the North Fork of the iced river.


Reservation: Wyandot
Tribes: Wyandot
Acres: 535
Established by: Treaty of Feb. 23, 1867 (xv, 513). 20,695.54 acres were allotted to 241 Indians, and 16 acres reserved for churches, etc., leaving 534.72 unallotted.


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