Luisefio Indians

Search Fold3 for your
Native American Records

Luisefio. From the name of the Mission of San Luis Rey de Francia. Also called:

  • Ghecham or Khecham, from the native name of San Luis Rey Mission.

Luisefio Connections. The Luiseno belonged to the Shoshonean division of the Uto-Aztecan linguistic family.

Luisefio Location. In the southwest part of the state from the coast toward but wholly west of the divide that extends south from Mount San Jacinto; bounded northward by the cognate Juaneno, Gabrielino, and Serrano and south by the Diegueno.

Luisefio Villages

  • Ahuya, near the upper course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Akipa, near Kahpa.
  • Alapi, south of the middle course of the San Luis Rey River.
  • Awa’, on a head branch of Santa Margarita River.
  • Hurumpa, west of Riverside.
  • Huyulkum, on the upper course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Ikaimai, near San Luis Rey Mission.
  • Kahpa, on the middle course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Katukto, between Santa Margarita and San Luis Rey Rivers, north of San Luis Rey.
  • Keish, south of San Luis Rey Mission.
  • Keweyu, on the upper course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Kolo, near the upper course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Kuka, on the upper course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Kwalam, on the lower course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Malamai, northeast of Pala.
  • Meha, on Santa Margarita River northwest of Temecula.
  • Mehel-om-pom-pauvo, near Escondido.
  • Ngorivo, near the headwaters of San Luis Rey River.
  • Pa’auw, near Ta’i. Paiahche, on Elsinore Lake.
  • Pala, at Pala.
  • Palamai, on the coast between Buena Vista and Agua Hedionda Creeks.
  • Panakare, north of Escondido.
  • Pashkwo, near the headwaters of San Luis Rey River.
  • Paumo, east of Pala.
  • Pu-chorivo, on the upper course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Saumai, south of the middle course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Shakishmai (Luisefio or Dieguefio), on the boundary line between the two peoples.
  • Shikapa, west of Escondido.
  • Sovovo, east of San Jacinto.
  • Taghanashpa, east of Pala.
  • Takwi, at the head of Santa Margarita River.
  • Takwishpo-shapila, near Palomar Mountain.
  • Ta’i, close to Palomar Mountain.
  • Tapomai, north of Katukto. Temeku, east of Temecula.
  • Tomkav, west of Pala.
  • Ushmai. near the mouth of Santa Margarita River.
  • Wahaumai, on San Luis Rey River above San Luis Rey.
  • Wiawio, at the mouth of San Luis Rey River.
  • Wissamai, east of San Luis Rey.
  • Woshha, near the upper course of San Luis Rey River.
  • Yami, near Huyulkum.

Luisefio Population. Kroeber (1925) estimates 4,000 to be a liberally allowed maximum for the Luiseno in 1770. The United States Indian Office returned over 2,500 in 1856; 1,300 in 1870; 1,150 in 1885; and in recent returns, less than 500. (See Alliklik.)



MLA Source Citation:

Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 31 October 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/luisefio-indians.htm - Last updated on Oct 9th, 2013


Categories: ,
Topics: ,

Contribute to the Conversation!

Our "rules" are simple. Keep the conversation on subject and mind your manners! If this is your first time posting, we do moderate comments before we let them appear... so give us a while to get to them. Once we get to know you here, we'll remove that requirement.

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Newsletter Signup

We currently provide two newsletters. Why not take both for a run?

Genealogy Update: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new, or significantly updated, collection or database on our website.

Circle of Nations: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new (or significantly updated) Native American collection or database on our website.

Once you've clicked on the Subscribe button above you'll receive an email from us requesting confirmation. You must confirm the email before you will be able to receive any newsletter.