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Indian Population of the United States in 1782

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Prior to 1846 there was no general law for taking a census of the Indians within the United States, Thomas Jefferson in 1782 gave a careful analysis of the location of tribes and their numbers the United States, which then comprised only the country east of the Mississippi and north of the Floridas.

It will be noticed that Mr. Jefferson made two lists: one of Indians beyond the United States of that date, part of whom were in territory which is still outside the United States, based upon the estimates of Croghan, Bouquet, and Hutchins, and a second of Indians within the limits of the, United States as bounded in 1782 based upon the estimates of the authorities above named and Dodge. In his “Notes on Virginia”, he writes of the Indian
Tribes as follows:

Indians Northward and Westward of the United States in 1782

(Thomas Jefferson)

Name of TribeCroghan
1750
Bonquet
1764
Hutchins
1768
Where they Reside
     Total10,40031,63010,750
Oswegatchies100At Swagatchy, on the river St. Lawrence
Connasedagoes200300Near Montreal
Cohunnewagoes
Orondoes100North Trois Rivlores
Ahenukies350160
Little Algonquins100
Michmacs700River St. Lawrence
Amelisties550
Chalas130
Nipissins400Towards the heads of the Ottawa River
Algonquins300
Round Heads2,500Riviere aux Totes Boules on the east side of Lake Superior.
Messasagues2,000Lakes Huron and Superior
Christiaux Kris3,000Lake Christian aux
Assinaboes1,500Lake Assinaboes
Blanes or Barbus1,500On the heads of the Mississippi and westward of that river.
Sioux of the Meadows10,0002,50010,000
Sioux of the Woods1,800
Sioux
Ajones1,100North of the Padoneas
Panis, white2,000South of the Missouri
Panis, freckled1,700
Padoncas500
Grundes eaux1,600
Canses1,000South of the Missouri
Osages600
Missouris4003,000On the river Missouri
Arkanzas2,000On the river Arkinzas
Caouitas700East of the Alibamous

Indians within the limits of the United States in 1782

(Thomas Jefferson)

Names of TribesCroghan
1750
Bonquet
1764
Hutchins
1768
Dodge
1779
Where they Reside
   Total9,10023,33025,08011,050
Mohocks1,500160100Mohocks River
Oneidas300200400East side of Oneida Lake and head branches of Susquehanna
TuscororasBetween the Oneidas and Onondagoes
Onondagoes260230Near Onondago Lake
Cayugas200220On the Cayuga Lake, near the north branch of Susquehanna
Senecas1,000650On the waters of Susquehanna, of Ontario and the heads of the Ohio
Aughquaghas150East branch of Susquehanna and on Aughquagah
Nanticoes100Utsanaugo, Chaghtnet, and Owegy, on the east branch of Susquehanna.
Mohiccons100In the same parts
Conoies30
Sapoonies30At Diabago and other villages up the north branch of Susquehanna.
Munsies150*150
Delaware or Linnelinopies600600150Between Ohio and Lake Erie and the branches of Beaver Creek, Cayahoga and Muskingum.
Delaware or Linnelinopies500400600*500
Shawnees300300Sloto and branches of Muskingum
Mingoes60On a branch of Sloto
Ouisenusings550Oniscousing River
Kickapous6003004,000250On Lake Michigan and between that and the Mississippi
Otogumies, Foxes
Mascoutes500
Miscothies
Ontimacs
Muskoakies200250250
Siox, EasternOn the eastern heads of the Mississippi and the islands of Lake Superior
Galphin
1768
Cherokees1,5002,5003,000Western parts of North Carolina
Chickasaws750500Western parts of Georgia
Catawbas150On the Catawba River in South Carolina
Chacktaws2,0004,5006,0003,000
Upper Creeks1,800Western parts of Georgia
Lower Creeks
Natchez150
Alibamous600Alibama River, in the western parts of Georgia
Mohiccons*60
Cohunnewagos300250Near Sandusky
Wyandots300300180Near Fort St. Joseph’s and Detroit
WyandotsMiami River near Fort Miami
Twightwees300250
Miamis350300Miami River near Fort St. Joseph
Ouiatonons200400300*300On the banks of the Wabash, near Fort Ouiatenon
Piankishas300250300*400
Shakirs200
Kaskaskias400600300Near Kaskaskia
Illinois300Near Cahokia Query: if not the same with the Mitchigamnis?
Piorias800On the Illinois River, called Pinnrias, but supposed to mean Piorias.
Pouteotamies350300450*300Near Fort St. Joseph’s and Fort Detroit
Ottawas2,0005,000550
Chippawas2005,450
OttawasOn Saguinam Bay of Lake Huron
ChippawasNear Michillimackinae
Ottawas400250400
ChippawasNear Fort St. Mary on Lake Superior
ChippawasSeveral other villages along the banks of Lake Superior, number unknown.
Chippawas550
Shakies200400Near Puans Bay on Lake Michigan
Mynouamies

 

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