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Canarsee | Cathlakaheckit | Cathlamet | Cathlapotle | Cathlathlalas | Chactoo |

Canarsee Formerly one of the leading tribes on Long Island, N.Y., occupying most of what is now Kings County and the shores of Jamaica Bay, with their center near Flatlands. 
     According to Ruttenber they were subject to or connected with the Montauk; however, is doubtful, as the Indians of the west end of the island appear to have been paying tribute, at the time of the Dutch settlement of New York, to the Irquois. 
     Their principal village, of the same name, was probably as Canarsee, near Flatlands, in addition to which they had others at Maspeth and apparently at Hempstead.  They are important chiefly from the fact that the site of the city of Brooklyn was obtained from them. 
     Having asserted their independence of the Mohawk, after the appearance of the Dutch, they were attacked by that tribe and nearly exterminated.  They also suffered considerably during the war of the Long Island tribes with the Dutch.  The last one of them died about 1800.

Cathlakaheckit  A Chinooka tirbe living as the cascades of the Columbia River in 1812, when their number was estimated at 900.

Cathlamet  A Chinookan tribe formerly residing on the south bank of Columbia River near its mouth, in Oregon. They adjoined the Clatsop and claimed the territory from Tongue point to the neighborhood of Puget Island. 
     In 1806 Lewis and Clark estimated their number at 300.  In 1849 Lane reported 58 still living, but they are now extinct.  They seem to have had but one village, also known as Cathlamet.  As a dialect Cathlamet was spoken by a number of Chinookan tribes on both sides of the Columbia, extending up the river as far as Rainier.  It is regarded as belonging to the upper Chinook division of the family.  See Boas, Kathlamet Texts, Bull. 26, B. A. E. 1901.

Cathlapotle  (‘people of Lewis [Nā’p!ōix] river’)
     A Chinookan tribe formerly living on the lower part of the Lewis River and on the southwest side of Columbia River, in Clarke County, Washington.
     In 1806 Lewis and Clark estimated their number at 900 in 14 large wooden houses.  Their main village was Nahpooitle.

Cathlathlalas  A Chinookan tribe living on both sides of the Columbia River, just below the cascades, in 1812.  There number was placed at 500.

Chactoo  A body of Indians, possibly related to the Attacapa, mentioned in 1753 as living in Louisiana.  In 1805 they were on Bayou Boeuf, about 10 miles south of Bayou Rapide, toward Opelousas, and numbered 30 men.  They were not Choctaw, and in addition to their own tongue they spoke the Mobilian trade language.

The books presented are for their historical value only and are not the opinions of the Webmasters of the site.   Handbook of American Indians, 1906

Index of Tribes or Nations

MLA Source Citation:

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906. Web. 19 December 2014. - Last updated on Aug 2nd, 2013


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