C- Alabama Indian Villages, Towns and
A complete listing of all the Indian villages,
towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.
Cahawba Old Towns. A former group of
Choctaw settlements in Perry co., Ala., probably on Cahawba r. Pickett,
Ala., II, 326, 1851; Halbert in Ala. Hist, Soc. Trans., in, 66, 1899.
Canjauda. Mentioned as a former
Creek town in Cherokee
co., Ala. Sen. Doc. 67, 26th Cong., 2d sess., 1, 1841.
Cayomulgi. An ancient Upper Creek town on a stream
which joins Coosa r. at Coussa (Kusa) town, Ala. Possibly for Okmulgee, an
ancient Creek town in E. Georgia.
Chananagi (ridge of land, or hill ridge). A former
Upper Creek town E. of the site of Montgomery, Ala.
Chaneleghatchee. Probably a former Creek town in
Alabama, between Tallapoosa and Chattahoochee rs. (Robin, Voy., n, map, 1807.)
aksúfki, rock bluff ). A former Upper
Creek town in Talladega co., Ala., with 143 families in 1833. Chatoksofki,
Abikudshi, Niuyaka, and Oakfuskee were anciently considered one town whose
people met at one place for their annual busk, q. v. In former times these were
the greatest ball players of the Creeks. The few survivors are consolidated with
the Eufaula in the Creek Nation, Ind. Ter., where a modern town known as
Chatoksofki now exists. (A. S. G.)
Chatukchufaula. An Upper Creek town on Tallapoosa r.,
Ala., probably in Chambers co. , settled apparently by the Talasse.
Chegoli. A former town on the E. bank of Tallapoosa r.,
Ala. (Bartram, Trav., i, map, 1799). Not identified, but probably Creek.
Cheponta's Village. A former Choctaw village on the w.
bank of Tombigbee r., in extreme s. E. Choctaw co., Ala. Royce in 18th Rep.
B. A. E., Ala. map, 1900.
'little Chiaha'). A former dependent settlement of the Chiaha, about 2 m. w. of
Hitchiti town, E. Ala.
Chickasaw Old Fields. A place on the N. side of
Tennessee r., opposite Chickasaw id., about 4 in. below Flint r., in s. E.
Madison co., Ala.; claimed by the Chickasaw as one of their ancient village
Treaty of 1805 in U. S. Ind. Treat., 116, 1837.
Chinnaby's Fort. In 1813, at the time of the Creek
rebellion, Chinnaby, a Creek chief friendly to the United States, had a "kind of
fort" at Ten ids, on Coosa r., Ala.
Chiskatalofa (chiski 'post oak', talofa
'town'). A former Creek town on the w. side of Chattahoochee r., 4 m. below
Wikaihlako, in Henry co., Ala.
Cholocco Litabixee ( Chu-‘láko
ili-tapíksi 'horse's flat foot', A. S. G. ).
A former Upper Creek village on a bend of Tallapoosa r., Ala., in the river
bottom, where, on Mar. 27, 1814, the defeat of the Red-stick party took place at
the battle of the Horseshoe. Pickett, Hist, Ala., ii, 341, 1851.
Chotanksofkee (tchat aksofka 'precipice'). A
town situated 1 m. s. w. of Eufaula, in the Creek Nation, Ind. Ter. (H. E.
Doc. 80, 27th Cong., 3d sess., 8, 1843). In the old Creek country there was
formerly a settlement of the same name, probably near Abikudshi, E. of upper
Coosa r., Ala. (A. S. G.)
Chukahlako (great house). (1) A former Lower Creek town
on Chattahoochee r., Ala. In 1799 the inhabitants had abandoned the place and
moved to Oakfuskee, on the opposite side of Tallapoosa r. There is a Choccolocco
post-office in Alabama on Choccolocco cr. (2) Mentioned in a census of 1832 as
an Upper Creek town with 109 families. Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, iv, 578,
1854. (A. S. G.)
Cochali. Given by Coxe in 1741 as the name of one of 4
small islands in Tennessee r, 40 leagues above the Chickasaw, each occupied by a
"nation" of the same name. The others were Kakick, Tahogale, and Tali (Little
Talasse). The location was in N. Alabama, and the names may perhaps be Creek.
They do not seem to be Cherokee, although Cochali may possibly be kâtsălû′,
implying some thing in a sheath. (J. M.)
Cohatchie. A former Upper Creek town on the left bank
of Coosa r. , in s. w. Talladega co., Ala. Royce in 18th Rep. B. A. E., pi.
Coligoa. A village visited by the De Soto expedition in
1542 and described as in a very fertile country, in which the troops made salt,
"toward the mountains," and by a river at the foot of a hill; possibly in w.
Arkansas or on the border of the Ozark mts.
Colomino. (1) A town placed by Jefferys (French Dom.
Am., pt. i, map, 134, 1761) on one of the head streams of Ocmulgee r., Ga.
(2) A town on the w. bank of upper Altamaha or St George r., Ga. (Güssefeld,
Map of U. S., 1784). Both places were within Muskhogean territory.
Conaliga. A former
Upper Creek band or settlement, probably
near Tukabatchi, on Tallapoosa r., perhaps
in Randolph co., Ala. Woodward,
Reminiscences, 37, 1859.
Coosa. Given as a
Cherokee town in a document of 1799 (Royce
in 5th Rep. B. A. E., 144, 1887).
Unidentified, but perhaps on upper Coosa r.,
Ala. See Kusa.
Coosada. A former
small mixed settlement of Creeks and
Cherokee, established about 1784 on the left
bank of Tennessee r. at what is now Larkin s
Landing, Jackson co., Ala. From this village
to the site of the present Guntersville
there was an Indian trail. Street in Ala.
Hist. Soc. Publ, i, 417, 1901; Royce
in 18th Rep. B. A. E., pi. cviii, 1899.
Coosadi Hychoy. A
former Koasati settlement on Tombigbee r.,
in Choctaw and Marengo cos., Ala., about
Upper Creek town on Tallapoosa r., Ala.,
with 36 families in 1832.
(Choctaw: long white cane). Noted on Robin's
map as an Indian town in 1807. Romans (Fla.,
305, 1775) mentions it apparently as a
settlement w. of lower Tombigbee r., Ala.,
in Muskhogean territory.
from konshak, reed). An
unidentified town in N. E. Alabama, in the
same region as Cossa (Kusa), visited by Juan
Pardo in 1565. Vandera (1567) in Smith,
Colec. Doc. Fla., i, 18, 1857.
Coste. A province
and town, apparently in Alabama, visited by
De Soto in 1540. Biedma says the towns were
built on islands in the river.
Creek Path (transl.
A former important Cherokee settlement,
including also a number of Creeks and
Shawnee, where the trail from the Ohio
region to the Creek country crossed
Tennessee r., at the present Guntersville,
Marshall co., Ala. It was later known as
Gunter s Landing, from a Cherokee
mixed-blood named Gunter. Mooney in 19th
Rep. B. A. E., 526, 1900.
Crow Town (trans,
'crow place', from kâgû
'locative'). A former Cherokee town on
the left bank of Tennessee r., near the
mouth of Raccoon cr., Cherokee co., N. E.
Ala. It was one of the so-called "five lower
towns" built by those Cherokee, called
Chickamauga, who were hostile to the
American cause during the Revolutionary
period, and whose settlements farther up the
river had been destroyed by Sevier and
Campbell in 1782. The population of Crow
Town and the other lower settlements was
augmented by Creeks, Shawnee, and white
Tories until it reached a thousand warriors.
The towns were destroyed in 1794. See Mooney
in 19th Rep. B. A. E., 54, 1900.
the Untied States | Alabama Indian
includes some historical materials that may imply negative stereotypes
reflecting the culture or language of a particular period or place. These
items are presented as part of the historical record and should not be
interpreted to mean that the WebMasters in any way endorse the stereotypes
Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Frederick Webb Hodge, 1906
Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico