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English to Chinook Dictionary

Posted By Dennis Partridge On In Native American,Oregon | No Comments

Above, ságh-a-lie.
Absolve, mam’-ook stoh.
Acorns, káh-na-way.
Across, in’-a-ti.
Afraid, kwass.
After, Afterwards, kim’-ta.
Again, weght.
All, kon’-a-way.
Alms, e’-la-han, or e-lann’.
Also, weght.
Although, kégh-tchie.
Always, kwáh-ne-sum.
American, Boston.
Amusement, hee’-hee.
And, pee.
Anger, Angry, sol’-leks.
Apple, le pome.
Apron, kéh-su, or ki’-su.
Arbutus uva ursi, lahb.
Arrive at, ko.
Arrow, ka-li’-tan.
As if, káh-kwa spose.
At, ko’-pa.
Aunt, kwal’h.
Awl, shoes keep’-wot.
Axe, la-hash’.

Bad, me-sáh-chie; pe-shuk’.
Bag, le sak.
Ball, le bal.
Bargain, máh-kook; húy-húy.
Bark, s’ick-skin.
Barrel, ta-mo’-litsh.
Basket, o’-pe-kwan.
Beads, ka-mo’-suk.
Bear (black), chet’-woot; its’woot; (grizzly), si-am’.
Beat, to, kok’-shut.
Beaver, ee’-na.
Because, kéh-wa.
Become, to, cháh-ko.
Bed, bed.
Before, e’-lip, or el’-ip.
Behind, kim’-ta.
Bell, tin’-tin.
Belly, ya-kwáh-tin.
Below, kee’-kwil-lie.
Belt, la san-jel’.
Berries, o’-lil-lie; o’-lal-lie.
Best, e’-lip closhe.
Bird, kal-lak’-a-la.
Biscuit, le bis’-kwee.
Bitter, klihl.
Black, klale.
Blackberries, klik’-a-muks.
Blanket, pa-see’-sie.
Blind, ha’-lo se-áh-host.
Blood, pil-pil.
Blow out, mam’-ook poh.
Blue (light), spo’-oh.
Blue (dark), klale.
Blunder, to, tsee’-pie.
Board, la plash.
Boat, boat.
Bob-tailed; a bob-tailed horse, sis’-ki-you.
Boil, to, lip’-lip.
Bone, stone.
Borrow, to, a-yáh-whul.
Bosom (female), to-toosh.
Both, kun’-a-moxt.
Bottle, la-boo-ti’.
Bow, o’-pitl-kegh.
Bowl, oos’-kan.
Box, la ca-sett’.
Bracelet, klik’-wal-lie.
Brave, skoo’-kum tum’-tum.
Bread, le pan.
Break, to, kok’-shut.
Breasts, to-toosh’.
Breech clout, o’-poots sill.
Bridle, la bleed.
Bright, to-wágh.
Broad, kluk-ulh’.
Broom, bloom.
Brother, káhp-ho, if elder than the speaker; ow, if younger. Male cousins the same.
Brother-in-law, ek’-keh.
Bucket, ta-mo’-litsh.
Buffalo, moos’-moos.
Bullet, le bal; ka-li’-tan.
Bundle, kow.
But, pe.
Butter, to-toosh’ la-kles’.
Buttons, tsil’-tsil.
Buy, to, máh-kook.
By-and-by, win’-a-pie.

Candle, la shan-del’.
Carrot, la ca-lat’.
Carry, to, lo’ lo.
Cart, tsik’-tsik; chik’-chik.
Cascade, tum’ wa-ter.
Castrate, to, mahsh stone.
Cat, puss’-puss.
Cataract, tum’ wa-ter.
Cattle, moos’-moos.
Certainly, na-wit’-ka.
Chain, la shen; chik’a-min lope.
Chair, la shase.
Cheat, to, la-láh.
Chicken, la pool.
Chief, ty-ee’.
Child, ten’-as.
Clams, o’-na; luk’-ut-chee; la-kwit’-chee.
Clams, the large kind, smet-ocks.
Clear up, to, cháh-ko klah.
Cloth (cotton), sail.
Clouds, smoke.
Coat, ca-po’.
Coffee, kau’-py.
Cold, cole; tshis.
Comb, comb.
Comb, to, mam’-ook comb.
Come, to, cháh-ko.
Confess, to, yi’-em.
Conjuring, ta-máh-no-us.
Cook, to, mam’-ook pi’-ah.
Copper, pil chik’-a-min.
Cord, ten’-as lope.
Corn, e-salt’h’, or ye-salt’h’.
Corral, kul-lágh.
Cotton goods, sail.
Cough, hoh’-hoh.
Count, to, mam’-ook kwun’-nun.
Cousin, see brother and sister.
Coyote, tal’-a-pus.
Crab apple, pow’-itsh.
Cranberry, so’-le-mie.
Crazy, pel’-ton.
Cream colored, le clem.
Crooked, ki’-wa.
Cross, la clo-a’.
Crow, káh-kah.
Cry, to, cly.
Cup, oos’-kan.
Curly, hunl’-kih.
Cut, to, tl’ko’-pe.

Dance, to, tanse.
Dark, darkness, po’-lak-lie.
Day, sun.
Dead, mem’-a-loost,
Deaf, ik-poo’-ie kwil-lan.
Dear, hy’-as máh-kook.
Deep, klip.
Deer, mow’-itsh.
Demon, skoo’-kum.
Devil, di-aub’; yaub; le-jaub’.
Different, hul-o’-i-ma.
Difficult, kull.
Dig, to, mam’-ook il’-la-hie.
Dime, bit, or mit.
Do, to, mam’-ook.
Doctor, doc’-tin.
Dog, kam’-ooks.
Dollar, dol’-la, or táh-la.
Door, la po’te.
Down stream, mi’-mie.
Drink, to, muck’-a-muck.
Drive, to, kish’-kish.
Drunk, páht-lum.
Dry, de-ly’.
Duck (Mallard), kwéh-kweh; háht-haht.
Dust, po’-lal-lie.

Eagle, chak’-chak.
Ear, kwo-lann’.
Early, ten’-as sun.
Earn, to, to’-lo
Earth, il’-la-hie.
Eat, to, muck’-a-muck.
Egg, le sap’; le zep’.
Eight, sto’-te-kin.
Elk, moo’-lock.
Enclosure, kul-lágh.
English, king chautsh.
Englishman, king chautsh.
Enough, hi-yu’; ko-pet’.
Entreiils, ki-yágh.
Evening, ten’-as po’-lak-lie.
Every, kon’-a-way.
Exchange, húy-huy.
Eyes, se-áh-host.

Face, se-áh-host.
Faded, spo’-oh.
Falsehood, klim-in’-a-whit.
Far, si-áh.
Fast (quick), hy-ak’.
Fast (tight), kwutl.
Fasten, to, kow.
Fat, glease.
Father, pa’-pa.
Fathom, it’-lan.
Fear, kwass.
Fell, to (as a tree), mam’-ook whim.
Fence, kul-lágh.
Fetch, to, mam’-ook cháh-ko.
Fever, waum sick.
Few, ten’-as.
Fight, to, mam’-ook sol’-leks.
Fight, with fists, mam’-ook puk’-puk.
Figured (as calico), tzum.
File, la leem.
Fill, to, mam’-ook pahtl.
Find, to, klap.
Fingers, le doo.
Fire, pi’-ah; o-la-pits’-ki.
First, e’-lip, or el’-ip.
Fish, pish.
Fish-hook, ik’-kik.
Five, kwin’-num.
Flea, so’-pen e’-na-poo; cho’-tub.
Flesh, itl’-wil-lie.
Flint, kil-it’-sut.
Flour, sap’-o-lill.
Fly, to, ka-wak’.
Fog, smoke.
Food, muck’-a-muck.
Fool, pel’-ton.
Foolish, pel’-ton.
Foot, le-pee’.
Forever, kwáh-ne-sum.
Forget, to, máh-lie.
Fork, la poo-shet’.
Formerly, áhn-kut-te, or áhn-kot-tie.
Four, lak’-it, or lok’-it.
Fowl, la pool.
French, Frenchman, pa-si’-ooks.
Friend, sikhs, or shikhs.
Frog, shwáh-kuk.
Fry, to, mam’-ook la po-el’.
Frying-pan, la po-el’.
Full, pahtl.
Fundament, o’-poots.

Gallop, to, kwa-lal’-kwa-lal’.
Gather, to, ho’-ku-melh.
Get, to, is’-kum.
Get out, mahsh.
Get up, get-up’,-or ket-op’.
Ghost, skoo’-kum.
Gift, cul’-tus pot’-latch.
Give, to, pot’-latch.
Glad, kwann.
Go, to, klat’-a-wa.
God, ságh-a-lie ty-ee’.
Gold, pil chik’-a-min.
Good, klose, or kloshe.
Good-bye, kla-how’-ya.
Goods, ik’-tah.
Goose, whuy’-whuy; kal-ak-a-láh-ma.
Grandfather, chope.
Grandmother, chitsh.
Grease, la-kles’; glease.
Green, pe-chugh’.
Grey; a grey horse, le gley.
Grizzly bear, si-am’.
Ground, il’-la-hie.
Gun; musket, suk’-wa-lal.

Hair, yak’-so.
Half, sit’-kum.
Hammer, le máh-to.
Hand, le máh.
Hand (game of), it’-lo-kum.
Handkerchief, hak’-at-shum.
Hard, kull.
Hare, kwit’-shad-ie.
Harrow, to, mam’-ook comb il’-la-hie.
Hat, se-áh-po; se-áh-pult.
Haul, haul.
Hazel-nuts, tuk’-wil-la.
He, his, yáh-ka.
Head, la tet.
Heart, tum’-tum.
Heaven, ságh-il-lie il’-la-hie.
Heavy, till.
Help, to, mam’-ook e-lann’.
Here, yuk’-wa.
Hermaphrodite, bur’-dash.
Hide, to, ip’-soot.
High, ságh-a-lie.
Hit, to, kwul’h.
Hoe, la pe-osh’.
Hog, co’-sho.
Hole, kla-whap’.
Holiday, sunday.
Horn, stone.
Horse, kiu’-a-tan.
House, house.
How, káh-ta.
How are you, kla-how’-ya.
How many, kun’-sih; kun’-juk.
Hundred, tuk-a-mo’-nuk.
Hungry, o’-lo.
Hurry, howh; hy-ak’.

I, ni-ka.
If, spose.
In, ko’-pa.
Indian, si’-wash.
In shore, máht-wil-lie.
Iron, chik’-a-min.
It, yáh-ka.

Jealous, sick tum’-tum.
Jump, to, so’-pe-na.

Kam-ass root, la’-ka-mass.
Kettle, ket-ling.
Kick, to, chuk’-kin.
Kiss, to kiss, be’-be.
Knife, o’-pit-sah.
Knock, to, ko’-ko.
Knotty, hunl’-kih.
Know, to, kum’-tuks.

Lame, klook te-áh-wit.
Lamprey eel, skwak’-wal,
Language, la lang.
Large, hy-as’.
Lately, chee.
Laughter, hee’-hee.
Lazy, lazy.
Leap, to, so’-pe-na.
Leaf, tup’-so, or tip’-so.
Lean, to, lagh.
Leave, to, mahsh.
Leave off, to, ko-pet’.
Leg, te-áh-wit.
Leggings, mi-tass’.
Lend, to, a-yáh-whul
Lick, to, klak’-wun.
Lie, to, klim-in’-a-whit.
Like, káh-kwa.
Like, to, tik-égh.
Little, ten’-as.
Long, youtl’-kut.
Long ago, áhn-kut-te, or áhn-kot-tie.
Look, to, nan’-itsh.
Look here! nah.
Look out! klose nan’-itsh.
Looking-glass, she-lok’-um.
Loose, stoh.
Lose the way, to, tso’-lo; tsee-pie’ way-hut.
Louse, e’-na-poo, or in’-a-poo.
Love, to, tik-égh.

Magic, ta-máh-no-us.
Make, to, mam’-ook.
Man, man.
Many, hy-iu’.
Marry, to, mal-i-éh.
Mass (Ceremony of), la messe.
Mast, ship stick.
Mat, klis’-kwiss.
Mattock, la pe-osh’.
Measure, to, tah’-nim.
Meat, itl’-wil-lie.
Medicine, la mes’-tin.
Mend, to, mam’-ook tip’-shin.
Menstruate, to, mahsh pil’-pil.
Metal, metallic, chik’-a-min.
Middle, the, kat’-suk, or kot’-suk.
Midnight, sit’-kum po’-lak-lie.
Milk, to-toosh’.
Mill, moo’-la.
Mind, the, tum’-tum.
Miss, to, tsee’-pie.
Mistake, to, tsee’-pie.
Moccasins, skin-shoes.
Molasses, mel-ass’.
Money, chik’-a-min.
Month, moon.
Moon, moon.
More, weght.
Mosquito, mel’-a-kwa.
Mother, mama; na’-ah.
Mountain, la mon’-ti.
Mouse, hool’-hool.
Mouth, la boos.
Much, hy-iu’.
Mule, le mel.
Musical Instrument, tin’-tin.
Musket, musket.
Mussels, to’-luks.
My, mine, ni’-ka.

Nails, le cloo.
Name, nem; yah-hul.
Near, wake si-áh.
Neck, le cou.
Needle, keep’-wot.
New, chee.
Night, po’-lak-lie.
Nine, kwaist, or kweest.
No, not, wake.
Noise, la tlah.
None, ha’-lo.
Nonsense, cul’-tus wau’-wau.
Noon, sit-kum sun.
Nose, nose.
Notwithstanding, kégh-tchie.
Now, al’-ta.
Numerals–
1, ikt.
2, mokst.
3, klone.
4, lakit.
5, kwinnum.
6, taghum.
7, sinnamokst.
8, stotekin.
9, kwaist.
10, tahtlelum.
11, tahtlelum pe ikt
20, mokst tahtlelum.
100, ikt takarnonuk.
Nuts, tuk’-wil-la.

Oak, kull stick.
Oar, la lahm; la lum.
Oats, la wen.
Off, klak.
Off shore, máht-lin-nie
Oil, glease.
Old, o’-le-man.
Old man, o’-le-man.
Old woman, lam’-mi-eh.
One, ikt.
One-eyed, ikt se-áh-host.
Open, háh-lakl.
Opposite to, in’-a-ti.
Or, pe.
Order, to, mahsh tum’-tum.
Other, hul-o’-i-ma.
Otter (land), ne-mam’-ooks.
Our, ne-si’-ka.
Out doors, klágh-a-nie.
Ox, moos’-moos.
Oyster, chet’-lo, or jet’-lo; klógh-klogh.

Paddle, a, is’-ick.
Paddle, to, mam’-ook is’-ick.
Paint, pent.
Paint, to, mam’-ook pent.
Paper, péh-pah.
Peas, le pwau.
People, til’-i-kum.
Perhaps, klo-nas’.
Petticoat, kal-a-kwah’-tie.
Piebald, le kye.
Pin, kwek’-wi-ens.
Pipe, la peep.
Pitch, la gome.
Plate, la si-et’.
Pleased, youtl.
Plough, le shal-loo’.
Plough, to, klugh il’-la-hie.
Pole, la pehsh.
Poor, kla-how’-yum; ha’-lo ik’-ta.
Pork, co’-sho.
Posteriors, o’-poots.
Potato, wap’-pa-too.
Pour, to, wagh.
Powder, po’-lal-lie.
Prairie wolf, tal’-a-pus.
Presently, al’-kie; win’-a-pie
Pretty, to’ke-tie.
Priest, le plet.
Proud, youtl; kwetl’h.
Provided that, spose.
Pull, haul.

Quarter, ten’-as sit’-kum.
Quarter (of a dollar), kwah-ta.
Quick, hy-ak’.
Quills, te-péh.

Rabbit, kwit’-shad-ie.
Rain, snass.
Rattle, shugh.
Rattlesnake, shugho’-pools.
Razor fish, o’-na.
Reach, ko.
Red, pil.
Relate, to, yi’-em.
Return, to, kel’-i-pi.
Ribbon, le lo’-ba.
Rice, lice.
Rifle, cal’-li-peen.
Ring, a, kwéo-kwéo.
Ripe, pi’-ah.
River, chuck.
Road, way’-hut.
Roan colored, san’-de-lie.
Roast, mam’-ook la pel-lah’.
Rock, stone.
Rope, lope.
Rotten, poo’-lie.
Round, lo’-lo.
Rudder, boat o’-poots.
Rum, lum.

Sack, le sak.
Saddle, la sell.
Saddle housings, le pish’-e-mo.
Sail, sail.
Sailor, ship’-man.
Salmon, salmon.
Salt, salt.
Sand, po’-lal-lie.
Sash, la san-jel’.
Saw, la gwin; la scie.
Say, to, wau’-wau.
Scissors, le see’-zo.
Sea, salt-chuck.
Seal, ol’-hi-yu si’-wash co’-sho.
See, to, nan’-itsh.
Sell, to, máh-kook.
Seven, sin’-a-moxt.
Sew, to, mam’-ook tip’-shin.
Shake, to, to-to; hul’-lel.
Shame, shem.
Sharp, yáh-kis-ilt’h.
Sharpen, to, mam’-ook tsish.
She, her, yah-ka.
Sheep, le moo’-to.
Shell money (the small size), coop-coop; (the large), hy-kwa.
Shingle, le-báh-do.
Shining, to-wágh.
Ship, ship.
Shirt, shut.
Shoes, shoes.
Shoot, to, mam’-ook poo.
Short, yútes-kut.
Shot, shot; ten’-as le bal.
Shot pouch, ka-li-tan le-sac’; tsole’-pat.
Shout, to, hy’-as wau’-wau.
Shovel, la pell.
Shut, to, ik-poo’-ie.
Sick, sick.
Sift, to, to-to.
Silk, la sway.
Silver, t’kope chik’-a-min.
Similar, káh-kwa.
Since, kim-ta.
Sing, to, shan’-tie.
Sister, káhp-ho, if older than the speaker; ats, if younger.
Sit, to, mit’-lite.
Six, tógh-um.
Skin, skin.
Skunk, hum o’-poots; piu’-piu; skub’-e-you.
Sky, koo’-sagh.
Slave, e-li’-te; mist’-shi-mus.
Sleep, moo’-sum.
Slowly, kláh-wa.
Small, ten’-as.
Smell, a, humm.
Smoke, smoke.
Snake, o’-luk.
Snow, snow; cole snass.
Soap, soap.
Soft, klim’-min.
Sorrel colored, a sorrel horse, le blau.
Sorry, sick tum’-tum.
Sour, kwates.
Spade, la pell.
Speak, to, wau’-wau.
Spill, to, wagh.
Spirits, lum.
Split, tsugh.
Split, to, mam’-ook tsugh.
Spectacles, dol’-la se-ágh-ost, or lak-it se-agh-ost.
Spit, to, mam’-ook toh.
Split, to become, cháh-ko tsugh.
Spoon, spoon.
Spotted, le kye; tzum.
Spurs, le see’-blo.
Squirrel, skwis’-kwis.
Stab, to, klem’-a-hun.
Stand, to, mit’-whit.
Stars, tsil’-tsil.
Stay, to, mit’-lite.
Steal, to, kap-su-al-la.
Steam, smoke.
Steamer, pi’-ah ship.
Stick, a, stick.
Stink, a, piú-piú; humm.
Stirrup, sit’-lay.
Stockings, stock’-en; kush-is’.
Stone, stone.
Stop, to, ko-pet’.
Store, máh-kook house.
Story, eh-káh-nam.
Straight, de-láte, or de-let’; si’-pah.
Strawberries, a-mo’-te.
Strong, skoo’-kum.
Sturgeon, stutch’-un.
Sugar, le sook; shu’-gah; shu’-kwa.
Summer, waum il’-la-hie.
Sun, sun; óte-lagh.
Sunday, sunday.
Sunset, klip sun.
Suppose, spose.
Swan, káh-loke.
Sweep, to, mam’-ook bloom.
Sweet, tsee.
Swim, sit’-shum.

Table, la tahb.
Tail, o’-poots.
Take, to, is’-kum.
Take care! klose nan’-itsh.
Take off, or out, mam’-ook klak; mahsh.
Tale, or story, yi’-em; eh-káh-nam.
Talk, to, wau’-wau.
Tame, kwass.
Tea, tea.
Teach, to, mam’-ook kum’-tuks.
Tear, to, klugh.
Teeth, le táh.
Tell, to, wau’-wau.
Ten, táht-le-lum.
Testicles, stone.
Thank you, máh-sie.
That, o’-koke.
That way, yáh-wa.
There, yáh-wa; ko-páh.
They, klas’-ka.
Thick (as molasses), pit’-lilh.
Thin (as a board), p’chih; pe-what’-tie.
Thing, ik’-tah.
This, o’-koke.
This way, yuk’-wa.
Thou, thy, thine, mi’-ka.
Thread, kla-píte.
Three, klone.
Throw away, mahsh.
Tide, see chuck.
Tie, to, kow.
Tight, kwutl.
Tinware, ma-láh.
Tip, to, lagh.
Tired, till.
To, towards, ko’-pa.
Tobacco, ki’-nootl; ki’-noos.
To-morrow, to-mol’-la.
Tongue, la lang.
Trail, way’-hut.
Trap, la piége.
Tree, stick.
Tree, fallen, whim stick.
Trot, to, téh-teh.
Trowsers, sa-kol’-eks.
True, de-láte.
Truth, de-láte wau’-wau.
Tub, ta-mo’-litsh.
Twine, ten-as lope; kla-píte.
Two, twice, mokst.

Uncle, tot.
Under, kee’-kwil-lie.
Understand, to, kum’-tuks.
Unhappy, sick tum’-tum.
Untamed, le-mo’-lo.
Untie, to, mam’-ook stoh; mahsh kow.
Up, ságh-a-lie.
Upset, to, kel’-i-pi.
Us, ne-si’-ka.

Venereal, the, pi’-ah sick.
Venison, mow’-itsh.
Very, hy-as’.
Vessel, ship.
Vest, la west.
Vomit, to, wagh.

Wagon, tsik’-tsik; chik’-chik.
Wander, to, tso’-lo.
Want, to, tik-égh.
Warm, waum.
Wash, to, mam’-ook wash.
Watch, a, tik’-tik.
Water, chuck.
Waterfall, tum’-water.
We, ne-si’-ka.
Weigh, to, mam’-ook till.
Wet, pahtl chuck.
Whale, eh’-ko-lie; kwáh-nice, kwad’-dis.
What, ik’-tah.
Wheat, sap’-o-lill.
Wheel, tsik’-tsik; chik’-chik.
When, kan’-sih; kun-juk.
Where, kah.
Whip, le whet.
White, t’kope.
Who, klak’-sta.
Whole, lo’-lo.
Why, káh-ta.
Wicked, me-sáh-chie.
Wide, kluk-ulh’.
Wild, le mo’-lo.
Will, the, tum’-tum.
Willow, ee’-na stick.
Win, to, to’-lo.
Wind, wind.
Winter, cole il’-la-hie.
Wipe, to, klak’-wun.
Wire, chik’-a-min lope.
Wish, to, tik-égh.
With, ko’-pa.
Without, ha’-lo.
Wolf, le-loo’.
Woman, klootsh’-man.
Woman (old), lam’-mi-eh.
Wood, wooden, stick.
Work, to, mam’-ook.
Worn out, o’-le-man.
Worthless, cul’-tus.
Wound, to, klem’-a-hun.
Write, to, mam’-ook péh-pah; mam’-ook tzum.
Writing, tzum.

Year, ikt cole.
Yellow, kaw’-ka-wak.
Yes, áh-ha; e-éh.
Yes indeed, na-wit’-ka.
Yesterday, táhl-kie; táhl-kie sun.
You, your, yours, me-si’-ka.
Young, ten’-as.


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