The word Dakota means united, confederated, or many in one, and designates the tribe from which the family takes its name. They seldom or never willingly acknowledge the title Sioux first given them by the French, and now by all whites. There are many theories as to the origin of this latter name, the most acceptable of which is that it is a corruption of the word Nadouessioux a general Chippewa designation for enemies which was gradually applied by missionaries and traders, through an imperfect understanding of the language, to the tribes thus designated. Governor Ramsey, of Minnesota, thought that the word “originated upon the Upper Missouri, among the early French traders, hunters, and trappers, they deriving it, in ail probability, from the name of a sub-band of the Ti-t’-wan (Teton), Dakotas, called Sioune, who hunted over the plains of that river, and with whom, consequently, they came most frequently in contact.
“In Lewis and Clark’s travels in 1803, they are called the Teton Saone, and their villages are located on the Missouri, near Cannonball River.
“At least we find the term Sioux first used in the early maps to designate a large tribe, with various subdivisions, upon the Upper Missouri only.”
Dakota traditions go back but a comparatively short time, and are vague and obscure in regard to their origin and early residence, which place it, however, in the Northwest, above the great lakes. In their progress eastward they early possessed themselves of the country about the headwaters of the Mississippi and the Red River of the North, where they remained as late as 1868, when they ‘were in part dispossessed by the Chippewa, who were eventually the cause of their removal to the Missouri.
Up to 1800, the Dakotas were divided into two principal divisions, those east of the Missouri, who were known as the Minnesota or Mississippi Dakotas, composed of four bands, viz: The M’dewakanton, or those of the Village of the Sprit Lake; the Wa-pe-kutes, or Leaf-Shooters; the Wah-pe-tons, or Village in the Leaves; and the Sisseton, or those of the Village of the Marsh. Most of these have been long in contact with the whites, and, having disposed of the greater portion of their lauds to the Government, have abandoned most of their old habits, and devote themselves to farming. Others of them, however, are restless and devoted to old prejudices, and cause much trouble to the settlers. The massacre of the whites in 1862 was inaugurated by the M’dewakanton, the Wahpeton and Sisseton afterwards joining them.
Along the Missouri, but living mostly on its eastern side, were the Shanktonwan (Yankton), or the People of Village at the End, inhabiting originally the Sioux, Desmoines, and Jacques Rivers, and living now principally about the mouth of the Vermillion.
The Yanktonais, a diminutive of the preceding name, and meaning the lesser or the little people of the End Village. Lewis and Clark described them as the Yankton of the Plains, or Big Devils, who were on the heads of the Sioux, Jacques, and Red Rivers. Their present range is on the Missouri, above the Yankton. From one branch of this baud the Assiniboine are said to have sprung.
Pabóksa, or Cut-head, a branch of the Yankton, and ranging above them.
The I-san-teis, or Santee, another sub-band of the Yankton, living originally in Minnesota and Iowa, but since lately on the Missouri, near the Yankton.
West of the Missouri, occupying the greater portion of Dakota, Wyoming, and portions of Montana and Nebraska, the general name of Teton, or Tetonwans (“Village of the Prairie”) has been given to the seven principal bands of the Dakotas in habiting that region. Lewis and Clark placed them on their map in only two principal divisions, viz: as the “Tetans of the Burnt Woods” (Brulé), and the “Tetans Saone,” from which some suppose the word Sioux has been derived for the whole Dakota nation. The seven subdivisions as now recognized are the
1. Siha sa-pas or Blackfeet, on the Missouri in the neighbor hood of the Cannonball River.
2. The Si-chan-koo or Burnt Thighs, (Brulé,) ranging on the Niobrara and White Rivers, from the Platte to the Cheyenne.
3. Oncpapas, or “those who camp by themselves,” who roam over the country between the Cheyenne and Yellowstone Rivers.
4. Minnekonjous, “those who plant by the water,” south of the Black Hills.
5. Itá-zip cho, or Sans Arcs, “without bows,” affiliating with the Oncpapas and Blackfeet, and ranging over much the same country.
6. Ogalalla, occupy the country between Fort Laramie and the Platte, although they are now confined to a reservation in the northwestern corner of Nebraska. Have the reputation of being the most friendly disposed toward the whites of all the Titonwans. Red Cloud, so well known as an Indian diplomat, is chief of this band.
7. O-he-nom-pas, or Two Kettles. Live principally about Fort Pierre; against whom it is said very few complaints have ever been made, they having always observed faithfully the stipulations of their treaties with the United States.
In the Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for 1875, there are twenty-one sub-bands of Dakotas enumerated, numbering, in the aggregate, 53,044. Of these, there are fourteen represented by portraits of their leading men, viz:
|Blackfeet, numbering at the present time about||1,750|
|Brulé, numbering at the present time about||8, 420|
|Cut Heads, numbering at the present time about||200|
|Mdewakanton, numbering at the present time about||—–|
|Ogalalla, numbering at the present time about||9,136|
|Sautee and Sisseton at Fort Peck||1,000|
|Yanktonais, Upper and Lower||8,129|
“The Sioux are included under twelve agencies, nine in Dakota, two in Montana, and one in Nebraska, at all of which, except at Fort Belknap, a beginning in Indian farming has been made in spite of all discouragements by reason of unsuitable location and the demoralizing influence of the hostiles.” The Ogalalla at Red Cloud agency, who have almost entirely abandoned the chase on account of scarcity of game, depend almost entirely upon the Government for their support. Their small beginnings in cultivating the soil came to naught through the grasshoppers. The Brulé at Spotted Tail agency have a thriving school with 75 pupils, and cultivated some lands. At the Upper Missouri agencies but little has been done beyond feeding the Indians who report to them for that purpose, their attempts at farming resulting in failures on account of the grasshopper pest. The Yankton, Santee, Sisseton, Wahpeton, and other Sioux on the Lower Missouri and in Eastern Dakota have made more substantial progress in civilization, many of them having permanently discarded their Indian habits and dress, and live in houses, and are nearly self-supporting. The Santee in Nebraska especially have entirely renounced their old form of life; have churches and Sabbath-schools, which are regularly attended. They have a monthly paper, printed in their native language, with an edition of 1,200 copies.
List of illustrations.
252. Pe-Ji’. Grass. (Front.) Blackfeet
253. Pe-Ji’. Grass. (Profile.) Blackfeet
254. Pe-Ji’. Grass. (Full-length.) Blackfeet
255. Kan-Gi’-I-Yo’-Tan-Ka. Sitting Crow. (Front.) Blackfeet
256. Kan-Gi’-I-Yo’-Tan-Ka. Sitting Crow. (Profile.) Blackfeet
257. Ma’-Ya-Wa-Na-Pe-Ya. Iron Scare. (Front.) Blackfeet
258. Ma’-Ya-Wa-Na-Pe-Ya. Iron Scare. (Profile.) Blackfeet
259. Wi’-Ya-Ka-Sha. Red Plume. (Copy.) Blackfeet
920. Ma Ga’-Sha-Pa. Goose. (Copy.) Blackfeet
With the exception of the last two numbers the above represent a portion of a delegation of prominent Sioux chiefs and warriors who visited Washington in 1872. The portraits were made in Washington, and represent them in their best attire.
33G. Cin-Te-Gi-Le-Ska. Spotted Tail (Front.) Brulé.
337. Cin-Te-Gi-Le-Ska. Spotted Tall. (Profile.) Brulé
Spotted Tail has long been the chief of the Brule Sioux, and since his conversion from an intense hostility to an unswerving friendship for the white people has by them been looked upon and considered as the great chief of all the Sioux. The honors of this position are equally divided between Red Cloud and Spotted Tail; each is chief of his band only, the Indians them selves not recognizing any one man as chief of the whole nation 5 but their great executive abilities, oratorical powers, and popularity with both whites and Indians, have been the means of putting them forward as the champions of their people.
In his younger days Spotted Tail was a daring and audacious chief, murdering and massacring wherever he went. In 1854, he and his band attacked a coach, murdered all the passengers, and perpetrated horrible enormities on the dead. He was eventually captured, and imprisoned for about six mouths in the guard house at Fort Leavenworth, during which time his feelings underwent a great change. Instead of a determined foe of the pale-faces, he became their earnest friend and coadjutor in the work of pacification. It has been well said of him that u he is worth more to the Government than a dozen major-generals, with their armies to back them.”
The following extract from a speech by Spotted Tail, before a board of Indian Commissioners at Fort Laramie in 1867, will be read with interest as showing his ability as an orator: “My father and friends, your Great Father has sent you here to learn what was going on. You have come. Your Great Father has sent you to listen. Will you listen well, or only listen to half that is good and to half that is bad, and not take the whole to our Great Father f He has sent you here to hear and talk. We know you have not come with presents, but you may have a little money in your pockets that you could give them. They are poor and need help. These men here, and the old men, women, and children, have not had much to eat since they have been here, and if you could give them something it would make my heart glad. Yesterday my friends hit me a good deal; but it does not matter. I have spoken.”
Spotted Tail is of a large, commanding figure, and his face generally wears a pleasant, smiling expression. It is a difficult matter to arrive at the exact age of any Indian, and in this case it is uncertain, but is probably about 45 years. He has been to Washington four times, each time as a delegate representing the Sioux nation.
338. Spotted Tail And Squaw. Brulé
339. Squaw Of Spotted Tail. (Front.) Brulé
340. Squaw Of Spotted Tail. (Profile.) Brulé
341. I- Api Otah. Gassy. (Front.) Brulé
342. I-Api-Otah. Gassy. (Profile.) Brulé
343. I-Te’-San-Yan. Whitewash His Face. (Front.) Brulé
344. I-Te’-San-Yan. Whitewash His Face. (Profile.) Brulé
345. Che-Tan’-Ta’-Kpi’. Charge On The Hawk. (Front.) Brulé
346. Che-Tan’-Ta’-Kpi’. Charge On The Hawk. (Profile.) Brulé
347. Nom-Pa-Ap’a. Two Strikes. (Front.) Brulé
348. Nom-Pa-Ap’a. Two Strikes. (Profile.) Brulé
349. Squaw Of Two Strikes. (Front.) Brulé
350. Squaw Of Two Strikes. (Profile.) Brulé
351. Kan-Gi’-Sha’-Pa. Blade Crow. (Front.) Brulé
352. Kan Gl’-Sha’-Pa. Blade Crow. (Profile.) Brulé
353. He-Gma-Wa-Ku-Wa. One Who Runs The Tiger. (Front.) Brulé
354. He Gma-Wa-Ku-Wa. One Who Runs The Tiger. (Profile.) Brulé
355. Wanmble’-Shda. Bald Eagle. (Front.) Brulé
356. Wanmble’-Shda. Bald Eagle. (Profile.) Brulé
357. Che-Cha’-Lu. Thigh. (Front.) Brulé
358. Che-Cha’-Lu. Thigh. (Profile.) Brulé
359. Squaw Of Thigh. (Front.) Brulé
360. Squaw Of Thigh. (Profile.) Brulé
361. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Sha’-Pa. Blade Bull. (Front.) Brulé
362. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Sha’-Pa. Blade Bull. (Profile.) Brulé
363. Cho-Ni’-Cha-Wa-Ni’-Cha. No Flesh. (Front.) Brulé
364. Cho-Ni’-Cha-Wa-Ni’-Cha. No Flesh. (Profile) Brulé
365. Ma’-Za-Pon-Kis’-Ka. Iron Shell. (Front.) Brulé
366. Ma’-Za-Pon-Kis’-Ka. Iron Shell. (Profile) Brulé
367. Ma’-Za-Pon-Kis’-Ka. Iron Shell. (Full Length) Brulé
368. Ma-To’-Shi’-Cha. Wicked Bear. (Front) Brulé
369. Ma-To’-Shi’-Cha. Wicked Bear. (Profile) Brulé
370. Pa’-Hui Zi-Zi. Yellow Hairs. (Front.) Brulé
371. Pa’-Hui Zi-Zi. Yellow Hairs. (Profile) Brulé
372. I-Shta’-Ska. White Eyes. (Front.) Brulé
373. I-Shta’-Ska. White Eyes. (Profile) Brulé
374. Ma-To’-Dusa. Swift Bear. (Front.) Brulé
375. Ma-To’-Dusa. Swift Bear. (Profile) Brulé
376. Wa-Kin’-Yan-Ska. White Thunder. (Front.) Brulé
377. Wa-Kin’-Yan-Ska. White Thunder. (Profile) Brulé
378. Ma’-Zu-Oya’-Te. Iron Nation. (Front.) Brulé
379. Ma’-Zu-Oya’-Te. Iron Nation. (Profile.) Brulé
380. Ma’-Zu-Oya’-Te. Iron Nation. (Fall Length.) Brulé
All of the above, under the famous chief Spotted Tail, were members of a delegation who visited Washington in 1872, and were photographed while there.
282. Ma To’-Wa-Kan’. Medicine Bear. (Front.) Cut Head
283. Ma To’-Wa-Kan’. Medicine Bear. (Profile.) Cut Head
284. Ma-To’-Ko-Ki’-Pa. Afraid Of The Bear. (Front.) Cut Head
285. Ma-To’-Ko-Ki’-Pa. Afraid Of The Bear. (Profile) Cut Head
286. Ma-To’-Po’-Zhe. Bear’s Nose. (Front.) Cut Head
287. Ma-To’-Po’-Zhe. Bear’s Nose. (Profile.) Cut Head
288. Chan-Te’-Ha. Skin Of The Heart. (Front.) Cut Head
289. Chan-Te’-Ha. Skin Of The Heart. (Profile.) Cut Head
290. Pi’-Pi-Sha. Red Lodge. (Front.) Cut Head
291. Pi’-Pi-Sha. Red Lodge. (Profile) Cut Head
292. Wi-Cha-Wanmble’. Man Who Packs The Eagle. (Front.) Cut Head
293. Wi-Cha-Wanmble’. Man Who Packs The Eagle. (Profile) Cut Head
294. Squaw Of The Man Who Packs The Eagle. (Front.) Cut Head
295. Squaw Of The Man Who Packs The Eagle. (Profile.) Cut Head
197-8. Che-Tan’-Wa-Ku-Te-A Ma’-Ni. The Hawk that hunts Walking. Mdewakanton
Generally known as Little Crow. Leader of the hostile bands in the Sioux massacre of the whites in Minnesota in 1862. He had not only visited Washington, and was supposed to be friendly to the whites, but had promised to have his hair cut and become civilized; and at the time of the massacre the Government was engaged in building him a house. Upon the defeat of the Indians, Little Crow escaped into the British Territory, where he was killed the following year.
199. Medicine Bottle. Son of Little Crow. Mdewakanton
200. Sha-Kpe. Six. Mdewakanton
The massacre spoken of in connection with No. 197 was inaugurated by Sha-kpe and his band; some of his young men killed some white men while intoxicated, and then, through fear of retaliation, resolved upon an uprising and the extermination of all the whites at the agency. Sha-kpe’s band was re-enforced by the principal warriors from the Mdewakanton and Wahpeton bands, Little Crow taking the leadership. Before they were subdued, 644 men, women, and children were massacred, and 93 soldiers killed in battle.
296. Ma Hpi’-Ya-Lu’-Ta. Red Cloud. (Front.) Ogalalla
297. Ma Hpi’-Ya-Lu’-Ta. Red Cloud. (Profile.) Ogalalla
Red Cloud, who with Spotted Tail stands preeminently forward as the exponents of the peace-policy, is the great chief of the Ogalalla Sioux, and generally recognized by the military and civil authorities as the head chief of all the Sioux. Before he buried the tomahawk, Red Cloud was undoubtedly the most celebrated warrior of all the Indians now living on the American continent. He had over 10,000 people in his camps, and could put in the field 3,000 warriors. When he marched against the settlements he always went in force. He takes his name from the number of his warriors, and their red blankets and paints; it was said that his soldiers covered the hills like a red cloud.
He is now about 45 years of age, six feet in height, and straight as an arrow; his face, which is of a dark red, is indicative of indomitable courage and firmness, and his full, piercing eyes seem to take in at a glance the character of friend or foe.
Red Cloud has probably participated in more conventions, treaties, and large assemblies of his own and the white people, in which the greatest interests were involved, than any other living Indian. “A man of brains, a good ruler, an eloquent speaker, an able general, and a fair diplomat, the friendship of Red Cloud is of more importance than that of all the other chiefs combined.” While Spotted Tail has a lively vein of humor in his character, and loves to indulge in a little joke, Red Cloud is all dignity and seriousness.
The following, clipped from the report of the proceedings of the Board of Indian Commissioners at Fort Laramie, in 1870, is indicative of his earnest and impressive manner:
Red Cloud then arose, and walking toward the out side group, raised his hands toward the skies, and then touched the ground. Then all the Indians rose to their feet, as with uplifted hands Red Cloud uttered the following prayer:
“The Prayer Of Red Cloud.
“O Great Spirit, I pray you to look at us. We are your children, and you placed us first in this land. We pray you to look down on us, so nothing but the truth will be spoken in this council. We don’t ask for any thing but what is right and just. When you made your red children, O Great Spirit, you made them to have mercy upon them. Now, we are before you today, praying you to look down on us, and take pity on your poor red children. We pray you to have nothing but the truth spoken here. We hope these things will be settled up right. You are the Protector of the people who use the bow and arrow, as well as of the people who wear hats and garments, and I hope we don’t pray in vain. We are poor and ignorant. Our forefathers told us we would not be in misery if we asked you for assistance. O Great Spirit, look down on your children and take pity on them.”
298. Red Cloud And Mr. Blackmore. Ogalalla
299. Shun’-Ka-Lu’-Ta. Red Dog, (Front.) Ogalalla
300. Shun’-Ka-Lu’-Ta. Red Dog. (Profile.) Ogalalla
301. Shun-To’-Ke-Cha-Ish-Na-Na. Lone Wolf. (Front.) Ogalalla
302. Shun-To’-Ke-Cha-Ish Na-Na. Lone Wolf. (Profile.) Ogalalla
303. Wa-Hu’-Wa-Pa. Ear Of Corn. (Squaw Of Lone Wolf. Front) Ogalalla
304. Wa-Hu’-Wa-Pa. Ear Of Corn. (Squaw Of Lone Wolf, Profile.) Ogalalla
305. Si-Ha’-Tan’-Ka. Big Foot. (Front.) Ogalalla
306. Si-Ha’-Tan’-Ka. Big Foot. (Profile.) Ogalalla
307. Che’-Tan-Ska. White Hawk. (Front.) Ogalalla
308. Che’-Tan-Ska. White Hawk. (Profile.) Ogalalla
309. Wanmb’le-Ko-Ki’-Pa. Afraid of the Eagle. (Front.) Ogalalla
310. Wanmb’le-Ko-Iq’-Pa. Afraid of the Eagle. (Profile.) Ogalalla
311. Shun’-Ka-Wa-Kan-To. Blue Horse. (Front.) Ogalalla
312. Shun’-Ka-Wa-Kan-To. Blue Horse. (Profile.) Ogalalla
313. Wa-Cha-Pa. Stabber. (Front.) Ogalalla
314. Wa-Cha-Pa. Stabber. (Profile.) Ogalalla
315. I-Te’-Sha’-Pa. Dirty Face. (Front.) Ogalalla
316. I-Te’-Sha’-Pa. Dirty Face. (Profile.) Ogalalla
317. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Was-Te’. Good Buffalo. (Front.) Ogalalla.
318. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Was-Te’. Good Buffalo. (Profile.) Ogalalla..
319. He-Ha.’-Ka-Ta’-Ma-Ka. Poor Elk. (Front.) Ogalalla,
320. He-Ha’-Ka-Ta’-Ma-Ka. Poor Elk. (Profile.) Ogalalla.
321. He-Ha’-Ka-No’m-Pa. Two Elks. (Front.) Ogalalla.
322. He-Ha’-Ka-No’m-Pa. Two Elks. (Profile.) Ogalalla,
323. Shun-To’-Ke-Cha-Ish-Han-Ska. High Wolf. (Front.) Ogalalla.
324. Shun-To’-Ke-Cha-Ish-Han-Ska. High Wolf. (Profile.) Ogalalla.
325. Shun’-Ka-A-Ma’-Na. Coyote. (Front.) Ogalalla.
320. Shun’-Ka-A-Ma’-Na. Coyote. (Profile.) Ogalalla.
327. Chau-Te’-Su-Ta’. Hard Heart. (Front.) Ogalalla.
328. Chau-Te’-Su-Ta’. Hard Heart. (Profile.) Ogalalla.
329. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Hun’-Ke Sni. Slow Bull. (Front.) Ogalalla.
330. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Hun’-Ke-Sni. Slow Bull (Profile.) Ogalalla.
331. He-Ha’-Ka-He-Wan’ Zhi. One Horned Elk. (Copy.) Ogalalla.
332. Chu-Tu’-Hu-Tan’-Ka. Big Rib. (Copy.) Ogalalla.
333. Wanmble’-Ki-Chi-Zu Pi. War Eagle. (Copy.) Ogalalla.
334. Ta-Shun’-Ka-Ko-Ki Pa. Old Man Afraid Of His Horses and His Chiefs. Ogalalla.
874. Cha-Sa-Tonga. Little Big Man. Ogalalla.
875. Ta-Shun’-Ka-Ko-Ki-Pa. Young Man Afraid Of His Horses. Ogalalla.
876. Washi-Ta-Tonga. American Horse. Ogalalla,
877. Ta-Oop-Che Ka. Little Wound. Ogalalla.
878. Shunka-La-Lo-Ka. He Dog. Ogalalla.
879. Mato’-Zi. Yellow Bear. Ogalalla.
880. Mato’-Yu-Mni. Three Bears. Ogalalla.
881. Ma-Wa-Ka-Yu-Na. Sword. Ogalalla.
882. Wm. Garnet, Interpreter.
883. Group Of The Preceding Eight Numbers.
260. Ma-To’-Chu-Tu’-Hu. Bear’s Rib. (Front.) Oncpapa
261. Ma-To’-Chu-Tu’-Hu. Bear’s Rib. (Profile.) Oncpapa.
262. Ta-To’-Ka-In’-Yan-Ka. Running Antelope. (Front.) Oncpapa.
263. Ta To’ Ka-In’-Yan Ka. Running Antelope (Profile.) Oncpapa.
264. He-Ma’-Za. Iron Horn. (Front.) Oncpapa.
265. He-Ma’-Za. Iron Horn. (Profile.) Oncpapa.
266. Wa-Ku’-Ta-A-Ma’-Ni. Walking Shooter. (Front.) Oncpapa.
267. Wa-Ku’-Ta-A-Ma’-Ni. Walking Shooter. (Profile.) Oncpapa.
268. Wa-Kin’-Yan-Chi’-Tan. Thunder Hawk. (Front.) Oncpapa.
269. Wa-Kin’-Yan-Chi’-Tan. Thunder Hawk. (Profile.) Oncpapa.
797. Wi-Cha’-I-We. Bloody Mouth. (Front.) Oncpapa.
798. Wi-Cha’-I-We. Bloody Mouth. (Profile.) Oncpapa.
799. Wa-Kan-Ta-I-Shni. Lost Medicine. (Front.) Oncpapa.
800. Wa-Kan-Ta-I-Shni. Lost Medicine. (Profile. Oncpapa.
801. He Sha’-Pa. Black Horn. (Front.) Oncpapa.
802. He-Sha’-Pa. Black Horn. (Profile.) Oncpapa.
803. P’sa. Bull Rushes. (Front.) Oncpapa.
804. P’sa. Bull Rushes. (Profile.) Oncpapa.
194-6. Che-Tan-Zhi. Yellow Hawk. Sans Arc
201-2. Wa-Ku’-Ta. The Shooter. Santee
203. 209. Wa’-Pa-Ha-Sha. Red Ensign. Santee.
204. Wa Kan’-Hdi-Sha’-Pa. Black Lightning. Santee.
205. O’-Wan-Cha-Du’-Ta. Scarlet All Over. Santee.
206. Cho’-Tan-Ka-Shka’-Ta. Flute-Player. Santee.
207. A-Ki’-Chi-Ta-Na Zin. Standing Soldier. Santee.
208. Wan M’di Ta-Pa’-A-Ma’-Ni. Walks Following The Eagle. Santee.
210. Ta’-Shun-Ka-Wa-Kan’-Wi Cha. His Man Horse. Santee.
211. Ma-Hp’i-Ya-I-Hua-N. Coming Among The Clouds. Santee.
212. Zi-Tka’-Da-To. Bluebird. Santee.
213. Ma-Hpi’-Ya Na’-Zin. Standing Cloud. Santee.
214. Han-Ya’-Ta-Du’-Tu. Scarlet Night. Santee.
215. Hu-Siia-Sha. Red Legs. Santee.
249. Pe-Hui-Uza-Tan Ka. Great Scalper. Santee.
250. Ta-Tan’ka-Na’-Zin. Standing Buffalo. Santee.
381. Wa-Kan’-Da. Medicine. Santee.
248. Young Brave. Santee.
251. Old Betts. (Squaw.) Santee’.
216. Seraphine Renville. (Interpreter.) Santee.
382-4. Groups With Rev. Mr. Hinman. Santee.
192. He-Pte’-Che’-Chi-Ka-La. Little Short Horn. Sisseton
187-190. Ma-Wa’-Tan’-Na-Han’-Ska. Long Mandan. Two Kettle
191. Suk-Tan’-Ka-Ge Le-Ska. Spotted Horse. Two Kettle
193. Au-Pe’-To’ Ke-Cha. Other Day. Wahpeton
217-239. Pa-Da’-Ni-A-Pa’-A-Pa’. Struck By The Ree. Yankton
218,219. Psi-Cha Wa-Kin-Yan. Jumping Thunder. Yankton.
220, 906-7. Si-Ha’-Han’-Ska. Long Foot. Yankton.
222-4. Pte-Wa-Kan’. Medicine Cow. Yankton.
221. Ma Ga’-Ska. White Swan. Yankton.
225-8. Wa-Hu’-Ke-Zi-Nom’-Pa. Two Lance. Yankton.
725. Light Foot. Yankton.
229. Wi’-Ya-Ka-No Ge. Feather In The Ear. Yankton.
230-1. Zin-Tka’-Chi-Stin. Little Bird. Yankton.
232-3. Wan-M’di-Sha’-Pa. Black Eagle. Yankton.
234. Ma To’-I-Wan-Ka’. Bear Lying Down. Yankton.
235. Ta-Tan-Ka-In’-Yan-Ka. Running Bull. Y T Ankton.
236. He-Ha’-Ka-A Ma; -Na. Walking Elk. Yankton.
237. He-Ha^-Ka-A-Na^Zin. Standing Elk. Yankton.
238. Ma-To^Sa-Bi-Cha. Smutty Bear. Yankton.
240-1. Smutty Bear And Struck By The Ree. Yankton.
890. Zln-Tka-Sha’-Pa-Ma’za. Iron Black Bird. Yankton.
891. Chon-Nom’-Pa-Kin-Yan. Flying Pipe. Yankton.
892. Wa-Kin Yan-Chin-Stin. Little Thunder. Yankton.
893. Ta-.Tan^Ka-Wa-Kan’. Sacred Bull. Yankton.
894. Zin-Tka’-Kin-Yan. Flying Bird. Yankton.
896. To-Ki’-Ya-Kte. He Kills First. Yankton.
897. Na-Gi’-Wa-Kan’. Sacred Ghost. Yankton.
898-9. Ma-To’ho-Tan’-Ka. Bear With Big Voice. Yankton.
900. Tn’-Yan-Was-Te’, Pretty Rock. Yankton.
901. To’-Ka-Ya-Yu’-Za. One Who Catches The Enemy. Yankton.
902. Ku-Wa’s Chin-A-Nia-Ni. One Who Walks Home. Yankton.
903. Ma-To’-I-Wan-Ka’-A-Ma’-Nt. Bear That Wall’s Lying Down. Yankton.
904-5. Ma-To’-Wa-Yu-Mni. The Bear That Turns Around. Yankton.
908. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Wa’-Kan. Medicine Bull Yankton.
276. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Wa-Na’-Gi. Bull’s Ghost. (Front.) Lower Yanktonais
277. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Wa-Na’-Gi. Bull’s Ghost. (Profile.) Lower Yanktonais.
278. Ma-To’-Wt-Tko-Tko. Foolish Bear. (Front.) Lower Yanktonais.
279. Ma-To’-Wi-Tko-Tko. Foolish Bear. (Profile.) Lower Yanktonais.
280. Ma-To’-Nom’-Pa. Two Bears. (Front.) Lower Yanktonais.
281. Ma-To’-Nom’-Pa. Two Bears. (Profile.) Lower Yanktonais.
270. Na-Zu-La-Tan’-Ka. Big Head. (Front.) Upper Yanktonais.
271. Na-Zu-La-Tan’-Ka. Big Head. (Profile.) Upper Yanktonats.
272. I’-Sta-Sha’-Pa. Black Eye. (Front.) Upper Yanktonais.
273. I’-Sta-Sha’-Pa. Black Eye. (Profile.) Upper Yanktonais.
274. I-Cha’-San-Tan’ Ka. Big Razor. (Front.) Upper Yanktonais.
275. I-Cha’-San-Tan’-Ka. Big Razor. (Profile.) Upper Yanktonais.
170. Wa-Kan’-Du’-Ta. Red Thunder. (Front.)
171. Wa-Kan’-Du’-Ta. Red Thunder. (Profile.)
172. Hav-Ka-Wash-Ti. Good Hawk. (Front.)
173. Hav-Ka-Wash-Ti. Good Hawk. (Profile.)
174. Pe-Han’-Sa-A-Ma’ni. Walking Crane. (Front.)
175. Pe-Han’-Sa-A-Ma’ni Walking Crane. (Profile.)
176. Wanmdi-Zi. Yellow Eagle. (Front)
177. Wanmdi-Zi. Yellow Eagle. (Profile.)
732. Hatona. Many Horns. (Front.)
733. Hatona. Many Horns. (Profile.)
734. I-Ste-Sa’-Pa. Black Eye. (Front.)
735. I-Ste-Sa’-Pa.Black Eye. (Profile.)
736. Ta-Tan-Ka- Han-Ska. Long Fox. (Front.)
737. Ta-Tan-Ka-Han-Ska. Long Fox. (Profile.)
908. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Wa-Kan’, Medicine Bull.
917. He-Ha’-Ka-Ma-Zu’. Iron Elk.
919. Wanmdi-Yan’-Ka. Great Eagle.
923. Hin Kan-Du’-Ta. Red Owl.
925. Cut Nose.
927. Ma-Zu’-Ku’-Ta. Iron Shooter.
931. Tall Feather Joining.
932. Wa-Kan’-O-Zan-Zan. Medicine Bottle.
933. O-Ta-Dan. Plenty.
895. Chief With The Big War Bonnet.
244. War Dance.
815. General Sherman And Commissioners At Fort Laramie.
816. Commissioners In Council, Fort Laramie.
817. Old Man Afraid Of His Horses, And Group.
818-830. Miscellaneous Groups About Fort Laramie.
831. Sioux Burial.
832-5. Groups About Fort Laramie.
838. Indian Delegation At The White House.
839-41. St. Mary’s Mission, Kansas.
845. The Sergeant Of The Guard.