Catawba Indian Chiefs and Leaders

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Haiglar. The principal chief of the Catawba about the middle of the 18th century, commonly known to the English colonists as King Haiglar. It is probable that he became chief in 1748, as it is stated in Gov. Glenn s letter of May 21, 1751, to the Albany Conference (N. Y. Doc. Col. Hist., vi, 722, 1855), that the Catawba king had died a year and a half before that time. This must refer to Haiglar’s predecessor. Haiglar, though disposed to peace, offered his services to the governor of South Carolina when war with the Cherokee broke out in 1759. He joined Col. Grant’s forces and took an active part in the severe battle of Etchoe (Itseyi), assisting materially in gaining the victory for the whites. He is described as a man of sterling character, just in his dealings and true to his word, acting the part of a father to his people, by whom he was greatly beloved. Seeing that strong drink was injuring them, he sent a written petition to Chief Justice Henley, May 26, 1756, requesting him to put a stop to the sale of spirituous liquors to the members of his tribe. In 1762 the Shawnee waylaid, killed, and scalped him while he was returning from the Waxaw attended by a single servant. Col. Samuel Scott, who was a chief in 1840, and signed the treaty (State Treaty) of Mar. 13 in that year with South Carolina, was Haiglar’s grandson. (C. T.)

Indian Chiefs and Leaders

Indian Tribes North of MexicoIndian Bands, Gens, & Clans

This site includes some historical materials that may imply negative stereotypes reflecting the culture or language of a particular period or place. These items are presented as part of the historical record and should not be interpreted to mean that the WebMasters in any way endorse the stereotypes implied .

Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Frederick Webb Hodge, 1906

MLA Source Citation:

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906. Web. 21 January 2015. - Last updated on Jan 13th, 2015


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