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Canadian Indian Bands, Gens and Clans
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Many tribes have sub-tribes, bands, gens, clans and phratry. Often very little information is known or they no longer exist. We have included them here to provide more information about the tribes.
We have listed these my Provinces.
Akamnik. A tribe of the Upper Kutenai living around Ft Steele and the mission of St Eugène on upper Kootenai r., Brit. Col.
Akanekunik (Indians on a river). A tribe of the Upper Kutenai on Kootenai r. at the Tobacco plains, Brit. Col.
Athabasca A northern Athapascan tribe, from which the stock name is derived, residing around Athabasca lake, Northwest Ter., Canada, Ross (MS., B. A. E. ) regards them as a part of the Chipewyan proper. They do not differ essentially from neighboring Athapascan tribes. In 1902 (Can. Ind. Aff., 84, 1902) 326 were enumerated at Ft Chipewyan.
Assabaoch. A band, probably of the Assiniboin or Chippewa, in the vicinity of Rainy lake, Ontario, in 1874; pop. 152. Can. Ind. Rep., 85, 1875
Attignawantan (Huron: Hati ‘they’, annioñniěn ‘bear': ‘bear people’). One of the largest tribes of the Huron confederacy, comprising about half the Huron population, formerly living on Nottawasaga bay, Ontario. In 1638 they were settled in 14 towns and villages (Jes. Rel. 1638, 38, 1858). The Jesuit missions of St Joseph and La Conception were established among them. (J. N. B. H.)
Attigneenongnahac. One of the four tribes of the Huron confederation, living on L. Simcoe, Ontario, s. E. of the others. In 1624 they were said to have 3 villages. The Jesuit mission of St Joseph was established among them.
Attikamegue A band of the Montagnais residing, when first known, in Quebec province, N. of the St Maurice basin (Jes. Eel. 1636, 37, 1858), and accustomed to ascend the St Lawrence to trade with the French. Charlevoix says their chief residence was on a lake connected with the St Maurice. They were so harassed by the attacks of the Iroquois that a part at least fled to the vicinity of Tadoussac. They were so nearly destroyed by smallpox in 1670 that they became extinct as a tribe. They were esteemed by the missionaries as a quiet, inoffensive people, readily disposed to receive religious instruction, (J. M.)
Attikiriniouetch. (ŭdi′kwininiwŭg ‘caribou people’. W. J.). A Montagnais tribe formerly living northward from Manicouagan lake, Quebec.
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Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Frederick Webb Hodge, 1906
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