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Posted By Dennis Partridge On In Native American | No Comments
When the Caddo hunt Eagles are shot, not snared. If you picked up the feather dropped by a live eagle, there would be a death in the family (Ingkanish). After shooting an eagle, or finding a dead eagle, you must notify your people, “otherwise something awful will happen to you; eagles have wonderful power.” Ritual must be performed, by any older man. Then the bird may be plucked, after which it is buried like a person. The eagle killer is bathed all over with warm water and tobacco, and smoked with cedar fumes. The eagle feathers may be given away after they have been smoked (like any property of the dead). Eagle feathers are used “in medicine.”
There is no restriction upon bear hunting – “Caddo, not like Kiowa who are afraid to kill a bear they think is a man.” In fact Caddo were great bear hunters (like Shawnee). They would go bear hunting in a party, choosing an honest man, not a liar, to build the camp fire and keep it up. This, in order that the bear would not get away, i.e. would stay near the camp. The party shared evenly in the game. The husband of a pregnant woman may not go hunting, he has to stay at home. Women eat bear meat, but a pregnant woman would probably not eat it.
Nowadays there is no hunting. The Wichita Mountains are a government reservation. Nowadays “there is nothing to do but work” was Grayson Pardon’s lament.
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