Biography of Alice C. Fletcher

Search Fold3 for your
Native American Records

Fletcher credited Frederic Ward Putnam for stimulating her interest in American Indian culture. She studied the remains of the Indian civilization in the Ohio and Mississippi valleys, became a member of the Archaeological Institute of America in 1879, and worked and lived with the Omahas as a representative of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.

These times marked the beginning of her 40-year association with an Omaha named Francis La Flesche. They collaborated professionally and also had an informal mother-son relationship. They lived together in Washington, D.C., beginning in 1890.

In 1883 she was appointed special agent to allot lands to the Miwok tribes, in 1884 prepared and sent to the World Cotton Centennial an exhibit showing the progress of civilization among the Indians of North America in the quarter-century previous, in 1886 visited the natives of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands on a mission from the commissioner of education, and in 1887 was United States special agent in the distribution of lands among the Winnebagoes and Nez Perces. She was made assistant in ethnology at the Peabody Museum in 1882, and received the Thaw fellowship in 1891 which was created for her. She was president of the Anthropological Society of Washington and of the American Folklore Society, and vice-president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Working through the Womans National Indian Association, she introduced a system of making small loans to Indians, wherewith they might buy land and houses. Later she helped write, lobbied for and helped administer the Dawes Act of 1887 which broke up reservations and substituted individual ownership of land parcels.

  1. Omaha Indians in Nebraska
  2. Hunting Customs of the Omahas


MLA Source Citation:

Fletcher, Alice C. Historical Sketch of the Omaha Tribe of Indians in Nebraska. Washington, Judd & Detweiler. 1885. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 23 September 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/biography-of-alice-c-fletcher.htm - Last updated on May 7th, 2013


Categories: ,
Topics: ,

Contribute to the Conversation!

Our "rules" are simple. Keep the conversation on subject and mind your manners! If this is your first time posting, we do moderate comments before we let them appear... so give us a while to get to them. Once we get to know you here, we'll remove that requirement.

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Newsletter Signup

We currently provide two newsletters. Why not take both for a run?

Genealogy Update: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new, or significantly updated, collection or database on our website.

Circle of Nations: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new (or significantly updated) Native American collection or database on our website.

Once you've clicked on the Subscribe button above you'll receive an email from us requesting confirmation. You must confirm the email before you will be able to receive any newsletter.