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Agreement of October 17, 1802

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Concluded October 17, 1802, Between The Choctaw Nation And The United States.

A provisional convention, entered into and made by Brigadier General James Wilkerson, of the State of Maryland, commissioner for holding conferences with the Indians south of the Ohio river, in behalf of the United States, on the one part, and the whole Choctaw Nation, by their chiefs, -head men, and principal warriors, on the other part.

Preamble: For the mutual accommodation of the parties, and to perpetuate that concord and friendship, which so happily subsists between them, they do hereby freely, voluntarily, and without constraint, covenant and agree:

Article 1st. That the President of the United States may, at his discretion, by a commissioner or commissioners, to be appointed by him, by and with the advice and con sent of the Senate of the United States, retrace, connect, and plainly remark the old line of limits, established by and between his Britannic majesty and the said Choctaw nation, which begins on the left bank of the Chickasaw hay river, and runs thence in an easterly direction to the right bank of the Tombigbee River, terminating on the same, at a bluff, well-known by the name of Hacha Tiggeby (corruption of Hacha toh bichi. You are very white,) but it is to be clearly understood, that two commissioners, to be appointed, by the said nation, from their own body, are to attend the commissioners of the United States, who may be appointed to perform this service, for which purpose the said Choctaw Nation shall be reasonably advised by the President of the United States, of the particular period at which the operation may be commenced, and the said Choctaw commissioners shall be subsisted by the United States, so long as they may be engaged on this business, and paid for their services, during the said term, at the rate of one dollar per day.

Article 2nd. The chiefs, head men, and warriors, of the said Choctaw nation, do hereby constitute, authorize, and appoint, the chiefs and head men of the upper towns of the said nation, to make such alteration in the old boundary line near the mouth of the Yazoo river, as may be convenient, and may be done without injury to the said Nation.

Article 4. This convention shall take effect, and become obligatory on the contracting parties, as soon as the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall have ratified the same.

In testimony whereof, the parties have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals, at Fort Confederation, on the Tombigbee, in the Choctaw country, the 17th, of October 1802, and of the independence of the United States the twenty-seventh.

James Wilkerson.

In behalf of the lower towns and Chickasaw-hay.

Corrupted: Tuskona Hoopoio, his x mark. Original: Tushkahopaii. Warrior of the Prophet.

Corruption: Mingo Hoopoio, his x mark. Original: Mikohopaii. King of the War-chief.

The names of twelve Choctaws are omitted who signed this treaty.


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