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Mackinac Baptism Records 1810-1821

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No baptisms are entered in the register between 1804 and 1821, possibly because no priest visited the island in that long interval; although the entry in Wisconsin Historical Collections, xviii, p. 512, would indicate the presence of a priest at Mackinac in 1818.

When the British retired from Mackinac in 1815, after the conclusion of the Treaty of Ghent, their commandant was ordered to establish a post as near Mackinac as possible, in order to keep control of the Indian trade. Accordingly the post was built on Drummond Island, opposite the strait of Detour, now a part of the state of Michigan, and then supposed to be within British territory. There, until 1828, a considerable establishment was maintained, consisting of a garrison, barracks, officers’ quarters, and many traders’ houses.1 The boundary survey, in which Drummond Island was conveyed to the United States, was not concluded until 1822. The arrangement for transferring the post were dilatory, so that not until 1828 did the garrison remove to Penetanguishene, on Matchedash Bay, having for thirteen years maintained a British post on American territory, and subsidized the Indians that resorted thither. Many of the former inhabitants of Mackinac, preferring British to American affiliation, went with the garrison to Drummond Island, and there maintained a considerable connection and traffic with their former friends and neighbors at Mackinac.


Marie McCulpin, born November 2, 1819, of Guillaume Mc Gulpin and of Madelene Bourassa, married by the justice of the peace,2 was Baptized conditionally by us the undersigned, parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, on August 4, 1821. The father and mother were present. The godfather was Alexandre Bourassa; and the godmother Marie Judith Bourassa, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, parish priest of Ste Anne.

Alexandre Bourassa; Marie Bourassa.


Ursule McCulpin, born April 4, 1821, of Guillaume Mc Culpin and of Magdelene Bourassa, married by the justice of the peace, was baptized by us the undersigned, parish priest of Ste Anne, August 4, of the same year. The godfather was Eloy Bourassa; and the godmother Marie, his wife, who declared that she could not sign her name.

Gabriel Richard, parish priest of Ste Anne.


Marie Bourassa, born April 30, 1821, of the lawful marriage of Eloy Bourassa and of Marie Atten, was baptized by us, the undersigned priest, August 4 of the same year. The godfather was Antoine Dequindre; and the godmother Archange Bourassa.

Gabriel Richard, parish priest of Ste Anne.

Antoine Dequindre.


Eusèbe Bourassa, born September 3, 1819, of Eloy Bourassa and of a woman Savage, was Baptized conditionally by us the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, on August 4, 1821. The father was present and signed with us as did also the godfather Antoine Dequindre; and the godmother Archange Bourassa.

Gabriel Richard, parish priest of Ste Anne.

Antoine Dequindre; Archange Bourassa.


Therese Bourassa, born March 26, 1805, of the lawful marriage of Daniel Bourassa and of Marguerite Bertrand, was Baptized conditionally by us the undersigned, parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, on August 4, 1821, the mother being present. The godfather was Antoine Dequindre, who signed with us; and the godmother Madeleine la Framboise who declared that she could not sign her name.

Gabriel Richard, parish priest.

Antoine Dequindre.


Amable Bourassa, born on May 20, 1809, of the lawful marriage of Daniel Bourassa and of Marguerite Bertrand, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 4, 1821, the mother being present. The godfather was Alexandre Bourassa, who signed with us; and the godmother Therese Bourassa, the sister of the Baptized boy who declared that she could not sign her name.

Gabriel Richard, parish priest of Ste Anne.

Alexandre Bourassa.


Lucille Tannor, born July 17, 1820, of John Tannor3 and of a woman savage, was Baptized conditionally by us the undersigned, parish Priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 4, 1821. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Marianne Fisher.


Louis Carboneau, born April 13, 1814, of Louis Carboneau dit Provençal4 and of a woman Savage of the Sioux nation, was Baptized conditionally by us the undersigned, parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 4, 1821. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Mary A. Fisher.


Antoine Carboneau, born December 12, 1816, of Louis Carboneau dit Provençal and of a woman Savage of the Sioux nation, was Baptized conditionally by us the undersigned, parish Priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 4, 1821. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Mary A. Fisher.


Archange Carboneau, born October 29, 1818, of Louis Carboneau dit Provençal and of a woman Savage of the Sioux nation, was Baptized conditionally by us the undersigned, parish Priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 4, 1821, the father being present. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Mary Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Mary A. Fisher.


Joseph Carboneau, born December 22, 1819, of Louis Carboneau dit Provençal and of a woman Savage of the Sioux nation, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish Priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, on August 4, 1821, the father being present. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Mary A. Fisher.


Hariette, born April 26, 1820, of Marie Vaillancourt, known under the name of Madame Steven Hogan (dead or absent)5 and of an unknown father, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, 1821. The godfather was Clement Hudon; and the godmother Marguerite Basile, wife of Fr. Albert., who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, parish priest.

Marrett Basill; François Albert.


Alexandre Fraser, born January 22, 1820, of Alexandre Fraser6 and of Ursul Leblanc who say they were married by Messire Cerinaud, parish priest of Kingston in Upper Canada, was Baptized conditionally by us, parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, undersigned, August 6, 1821, the father and mother being present. The godfather was Joseph Gueret, who declared that he could not sign his name when thereunto requested; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Mary Anne Fisher.


Marie Bourassa, born May 22, 1821, of Dominique Rousseau and of Marguerite Champagne, privately baptized by Etienne Dubois, received the solemn ceremonies of Baptism from us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, 1821, the father and mother being present. The godfather was François Albert; and the godmother Marguerite Basil who signed.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Margueritte Basille; François Albert.


Sophie Rousseau, born April, 1821, of Dominique Rousseau and of a woman Savage, was Baptized by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, on August 6, of the same year, the father and mother being present. The godfather was Charles Rousseau; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Marie Anne Fisher; Charles Rousseau.


Joseph Louson, born June 10, 1820, of Joseph Louson and of Nancy Pilot, very probably not baptized and married by the civil magistrate, was baptized conditionally by us the undersigned parish Priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, the father and mother being present. The godfather was François Albert; and the godmother Marguerite Basile, his wife, who signed with us, August 6, 1821.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Margueritte Basille; François Albert.


Isabelle Nicole, born November 17, 1820, of Jean Nicole and of Marguerite Beaubin, not baptized and married by the civil magistrate, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, 1821, the father and mother being present. The godfather was François Albert; and the godmother Marguerite Basile, his Wife, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Marette Basille; François Albert.


Marie Anne Cowen, born May 22, 1815, of Pierre Cowen and of an Outawa woman, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish Priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, 1821, the father and mother being present. The godfather was Dominique Rousseau; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest. Dominique Rousseau.


Anne Cowen, born January 28, 1820, of Pierre Cowen and of an Outawa woman, was Baptized by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, 1821, the father and mother being present. The godfather was Joseph Dechamps who declared that he could not sign his name when thereunto requested; and the godmother Agathe Gotrie who signed with us

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Agathe Gattris.


Amable Cowen, born August 6, 1820, of Pierre Cowen and of an Outawa woman, was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, 1821. The godfather was Amable Turpin; and the godmother Ursule Leblanc who declared that they could not sign their names.

Gabriel Richard, priest.


Julie Mata, born March 3, 1819, of Maurice Mata and of Jeane Die, married by the civil judge, was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, 1821, the father and mother being present. The godfather was Jean W. Fillon; and the godmother Ursule Leblanc, wife of Alexandre Fraser who declared that they could not sign their names when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.


Josephete Bertrand, born July 2, 1819, of the lawful marriage of Jean B. Bertrand and of Marguerite Ouigouisence, was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, 1821, the father and mother being present. The godfather was Alexandre Bourassa, who signed with us; and the godmother Therese Bourassa who declared that she could not sign when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Alexandre Bourassa.


Joseph Philippe Christy, born June 5, 1821, of Philippe Christy and of Juli Moses, married by the minister of the Anglican Church, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, of the same year. The father and mother were present. The godfather was Joseph Lemoine, who signed with us; and the godmother Charlotte Parant, wife of Antoine La Branche who declared that she could not sign her name when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Joseph Lemoine.


Elisabeth Thérèse Fisher,7 born April 24, 1810, of Henri Monroe Fisher8 and of Marie Anne Lasalliere, married by the civil judge, privately baptized by Jean Marie Auger, received the solemn ceremonies of Baptism from us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 9, 1821, the mother being present. The godfather was Joseph Rollet;9 and the godmother Madeline la Framboise, who declared that she could not sign her name when thereunto requested. The godfather signed and so did the person Baptized.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Elizabeth Tharesa Fisher; Joseph Eolette.


Marguerite Choret, born April 16, 1805, of Simon Choret and of Marguerite, an Otchipwas woman, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 9, 1821. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Mary Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Etienne Dubois; Mary Anne Fisher.


Josephte Choret, born March 18, 1807, of Simon Choret and of Marguerite, an Otchipwas woman, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 9, 1821. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Etienne Dubois; Mary Anne Fisher.


Sophie Bailly, born March [blank in MS.], 1807, of Joseph Bailly and of Angelique McGulpin, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned priest, August 9, 1821. The godfather was Eloy Bourassa; and the godmother Marie Judith Bourassa, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priests

Marie Judith Bourassa; E. Bourassa.


Marie Beaubien, born March 22, 1821, of Charles Beaubien and of Marie, an Otchipwas woman, privately baptized by Josephine Lagacé,10 received the solemn ceremonies of Baptism through us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 9, 1821. The godmother was Ursule Leblanc, Wife of Alexandre Fraser who declared she could not sign her name when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Ch. Beaubien; François Paget.11


Josephte Chevalier, born September 8, 1807, of Louis Pascal Chevalier and of Josephte, an Otchipwas woman, privately baptized by Jean B. Laborde, received the solemn ceremonies of Baptism through us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 10, 1821, the father being present. The godfather was Leon Bourassa who signed with us; and the godmother Archange Bourassa who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Leon Bourassa; Archange Bourassa.


Elizabeth Vaillancourt, born December 27, 1808, of the lawful marriage of Joseph Vaillancourt and of Marie Bourgouin, privately baptized by André la Chene, received the solemn ceremonies of Baptism through us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 10, 1821. The father was present and signed with us. The godfather was Etienne Dubois, who signed with us; and the godmother Marie Isabelle Hogan who declared that she could not sign her name when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Joseph Vaillancourt; Etienne Dubois.


Marie Judith Lusignan, born May 15, 1811, of François Lusignan and of Agathe Langlade12 who say they were married before two witnesses at Green Bay, privately baptized by Charley Reaume,13 received the solemn ceremonies of Baptism through us, the imdersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 10, 1821, the father being present. The godfather was William McGulpin who signed with us; and the godmother Marie Judith Bourassa who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Wil. Gulpin; Marie Judith Bourassa.


Pierre Lusignan, born July 2, 1808, of François Lusignan and of Agathe Langlade who say they were married before two witnesses at Green Bay, privately baptized by Charley Reaume, received the solemn ceremonies of Baptism through us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 10, 1821, the father being present. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Etienne Dubois; Marianna Fisher.


Charles Marly, born ISTovember 9, 1805, of the lawful marriage of Charles Marly and of Josephte Vaillancourt,14 received the solemn ceremonies of Baptism through us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 12, 1821. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Etienne Dubois; Marianne Fisher.


Luc Marly, born May 2, 1807, of the lawful marriage of Charles Marly and of Josephte Vaillancourt, privately baptized by Patrice Adhemar, received the solemn ceremonies of Baptism through us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 10, 1821, the father being present. The godfather was Etienne Dubois; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Etienne Dubois; Marianna Fisher.


Théotis, born November 17, 1805, of Catherine Govreau and of François Baudoin, was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 12, 1821, the mother being present. The godfather was Pierre Crepeau; and the godmother Ursule Leblanc, wife of Alexandre Fraser, who declared that she could not sign her name when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Pierre Crepeaux.


Pierre, born September 19, 1818, of Catherine Govreau and of François Baudoin, was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 12, 1821. The godfather was Jean Fillon, who signed with us; and the godmother Ursule Leblanc, wife of Alexandre Fraser, who declared that she could not sign her name.

Gabriel Richard, priest.


Celeste Reed,15 born in 1799 of N. Reed and of a woman Savage of the Manomini nation, was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 13, 1821. The godfather was Pierre Cowen; and the godmother Marie Anne Fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Pierre Cowne; Marianna Fisher.


François Cadot, born yesterday of Augustin Cadot and of l’Amainbile an Otchipwas woman, was baptized by us, the under signed parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 13, 1821, the father being present.16 The godfather was François Paget who signed with us; and the godmother Marguerite Chavret who was unable to sign her name.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

François Paget.


Louis Paquin, born December 2, 1816, of Pierre Paquin and of Marie Campbell, married by the civil judge, was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 13, 1821. The father was present. The godfather was Maurice Mata; and the godmother Ursule Leblanc, the wife of Alexandre Fraser, who declared that they could not sign their names when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.


Catherine Paquin, born September 11, 1819, of Pierre Paquin and of Marie Campbell, married by the civil judge, was Baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 13, 1821. The father was present. The godfather was Maurice Mata; and the godmother Ursule Leblanc, wife of Alexandre Fraser, who declared that they could not sign their names when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.


George Smith Dousman,17 born September 21, 1820, of John Dousman and of Rosalie Laborde, his lawful wife, was baptized by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit August 13, 1821. The father and mother were present. The godfather was William McGulpin; and the godmother Madeline Laframboise who declared that she could not sign her name. The godfather signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest

W. McGulpin; Rosalie Dousman; John Dousman.


William d’Alcantura Gordon,18 born December 6, 1820, at Drummond Island, of George Gordon and of Agathe Landry, was baptized by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 13, 1821, the mother being present. The godfather was John Dousman; and the godmother Rosalie La. Borde, his wife, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

John Dousman; Rosalie Dousman.


Marie Anne Clermont, born May 20, 1819, of Jeremie Clermont and of a woman Savage of the Potowatamies nation, privately baptized by Js Crevier des Chênau,19 was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 15, 1821, the father being present. The godfather was William McGulpin, who signed with us; and the godmother Marguerite Bertrand.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

W. McGulpin.


Jean Romain, born about June 20, 1818, of a woman Savage of the Ontawa nation, called Mayamo and of an unknown father, was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 16, 1821, the mother being present. The godfather was François Paget, who signed with us; and the godmother Marguerite Chauret, who declared that she could not sign her name when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

François Paget.


Charles Alexandre, born on March 15, 1818, of an Outawas woman called Abitagowinan, and of an unknown father, was baptized conditionally by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit August 6 [16], 1821, the mother being present. The godfather was Louis Généreux20 who declared that he could not sign his name; and the godmother Elizabeth Therese fisher, who signed with us.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

Elizabeth Tharesa Fisher.


Pierre Laurent, born March 27, 1817, of Alexandre Laurant and of an Otchipwas woman called Chingwacok, was baptized by us the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 16, 1821, the father being present. The godfather was Antoine Minard; and the godmother Marguerite Bertrand, wife of Daniel Bourassa, who declared that they could not sign their names.

Gabriel Richard, priest.


François Samuel Lasselay, born about April 15, of Samuel Lasselay and of an Outawas woman savage called Abitagowinan, was baptized by us, the undersigned parish priest of Ste Anne du Detroit, August 6, 1821, the mother being present. The godfather was François Paget who signed with us; and the godmother Marguerite Chauret who declared that she could not sign her name when thereunto requested.

Gabriel Richard, priest.

François Paget.

Footnotes

  1. See description in S. F. Cook, Drummond Island, Lansing, 1896.  

  2. Their religious marriage occurred a few days later; Wisconsin Historical Collections, xviii, p. 512. The names and dates of the births of the children do not correspond with this baptismal register. 

  3. John Tanner, known as the “white Indian,” was captured at his father’s home in Kentucky by Saginaw Chippewa when a boy of nine years of age. Later he lived on Red River of the North, and after nearly thirty years of absence returned to American settlements to Visit his white kindred, bringing with him to civilization his half-breed children. He reached Mackinac in 1820, and persuaded Madame George Schindler to adopt his infant child Lucy, or Lucille, into her own family. She was at first privately baptized – see Wisconsin Historical Collections, xiv, p. 52 – and next year by the priest. She was finally drowned by the foundering of a schooner in Lake Michigan. After two or three years among the settlements, her father returned to Sault Ste. Marie, where he was employed as interpreter until his disappearance in 1846. He was accused of the murder of James Schoolcraft, but the later confession of an army officer proved Tanner’s innocence of this crime. Tanner’s case attracted much attention and his life was written by Edwin James, Narrative of the Captivity and Adventures of John Tanner (New York, 1830). A good recent sketch of his life and character is found in Michigan Pioneers and Historical Collections, xxii, pp. 246-254. 

  4. One of this family was an early inhabitant of Green Bay; Wisconsin Historical Collections, ix, 241, 242, 259; x, 138, 139. 

  5. For this marriage see Wisconsin Historical Collections, xviii, p. 505. 

  6. Alexander Fraser, serving as a clerk in the North West Company, was on the Columbia in 1814, and with Semple at Red River in 1816 He probably was a relative of Simon Fraser, discoverer of the river bearing his name, whose home was in the neighborhood of Kingston. Alexander Fraser is said to have been killed in a quarrel in 1829, at Paris. 

  7. She became Mrs. Henry S. Baird, one of the early settlers of Green Bay. For her reminiscences of early life at Mackinac, see Wisconsin Historical Collections, xiv, pp. 17-64. 

  8. Henry Monroe Fisher was born of Scotch parentage, somewhere near Lake Champlain, probably upon the Canadian border, although often spoken of as an American. He was educated at Montreal, where he became acquainted with the Todds, and early embarked in the fur-trade, coming West about 1790. At first employed by the North West Company, he later set up an independent trade with headquarters at Prairie du Chien. There he prospered, and upon the organization of Indiana Territory was appointed Aug. 19, 1802, a captain of militia, and on Nov. 26, 1803, as justice of the peace. Lieut. Zebulon M. Pike, on his visit to Prairie du Chien in 1805, speaks in terms of praise of Fisher’s ability and hospitality. In 1809 Fisher married for his second wife Marienne Lasaliere of Mackinac. When their daughter, whose baptism is here recorded, was two years old, Mrs. Fisher returned to Mackinac for a visit; but the War of 1812-15 breaking out, Fisher was unwilling to take part against the Americans, so he retired to the Red River country and entered the Hudson Bay Company, not returning to Prairie du Chien for over ten years. In 1827 he died at this place, from the effects of fever. He was a man of great physical strength and comeliness, and acquired a powerful influence over the Indians. 

  9. Joseph Rolette was the most prominent citizen of Prairie du Chien. Born in Canada in 1781, he was educated for the priesthood but preferred the Indian trade. He came to Prairie du Chien about 1806, where he was at first agent for Murdock Cameron. During the War of 1812-15, he sided with the British, assisting at the capture of Mackinac in 1812, and that of Fort Shelby in 1814. With the return of the Americans, Rolette found himself, because of his pro-British activity, out of favor with the officers at Fort Crawford, but was reinstated through the efforts of John C. Calhoun. Afterwards (1823), he became a naturalized American citizen. He had large business interests and was quite progressive, being a partner in the first saw-milling enterprise in western Wisconsin. Rolette had in 1819 married a half-sister of Elizabeth Thérèse Fisher. Mrs. Baird speaks of him as her godfather in Wisconsin Historical Collections, xv. pp, 219, 220. He died at Prairie du Chien in 1842. 

  10. Josephine (Josephette) Legacé was an important person in both the Mackinac and Drummond Island settlements. She was tall and of commanding presence, and an accomplished violinist, much in demand for her music at all balls and parties. She married Louis Deschenaux and removed to Penetanguishene; see Ontario Hist. Soc. Papers, iii, p. 159. 

  11. The godfather’s name is omitted in the record; probably this is his signature. 

  12. Apparently the daughter of Charles Langlade junior. His granddaughter Angelique said that one of her grandfather’s daughters married and lived at Mackinac. Consult Ontario Hist. Soc. Papers, iii, p. 148. 

  13. Charles Réaume, the well-known Green Bay justice of the peace, was born in La Prairie, opposite Montreal, and after receiving some education embarked in the fur-trade. In this he was unsuccessful, and sought the upper country to recoup his losses. He came to Green Bay in 1792, and the following winter traded on St. Croix River. Later he setted at Green Bay, and had a good farm on what was later known as Dutchman’s Creek. An Illinois acquaintance recommended Réaume to Governor Harrison of Indiana Territory, as a proper person to be appointed justice of the peace in the French settlement at Green Bay, whereupon a commission to that effect was drawn Nov. 26, 1803. Acting on that commission, Réaume was the sole representative of civil authority at Green Bay until 1818, when he was commissioned associate justice by Governor Cass. Many amusing stories were told of Réaume’s methods and eccentricities. His only knowledge of law appears to have been drawn from the single volume of Blackstone that constituted his library; but as he could scarcely read English, his decisions were based on the customs of the country. As magistrate he likewise officiated at all weddings and baptisms, for which he received fixed fees. His decisions were seldom controverted, and upon the whole were generally equitable. Judge Réaume sold his farm in 1815, and not long thereafter removed to Little Kaukaulin, where he died in 1822. The Society’s manuscript collections include many of Réaume’s papers. 

  14. For their marriage see Wisconsin Historical Collections, xviii, pp. 506, 511. 

  15. Married François Paget; see Wisconsin Historical Collections, xviii, p. 513. 

  16. Augustin Cadot, here named, was probably a son or brother of Joseph Cadot, who was interpreter at Fort St. Joseph as early as 1808, when he is mentioned by Col. William Claus on the journey of that year for the Indian Department. In 1810 he was highly commended for his conduct – see Michigan Pioneers and Historical Collections, xxiii, pp. 59, 281. Joseph Cadot was lieutenant during the War of 1812-15, and at its close received a lot on Drummond Island, where he settled. Descendants removed to Penetanguishine, where they were living recently. See Ontario Historical Society Papers, iii, p. 152. 

  17. Removed June 14, 1836, to Milwaukee, where he was city clerk for five terms (1860-68), president of the county board (1869-72), and auditor for Milwaukee County for one term. He died in Milwaukee May 31, 1879. 

  18. George Gordon was the son of a Colonel Gordon of Montreal, who was killed in the West Indies. The son entered the service of Hudson’s Bay Company, and settling on Drummond Island married Agatha (Agnes) Landry. In 1825 he removed to Penetanguishene, where he built the first house on the site since called Gordon’s Point. His second wife was Marguerite Langlade, great-granddaughter of Charles Langlade of Wisconsin. Gordon died at his Penetanguishene place in 1852. His eldest son, William D., whose baptism is here recorded, was lost in the woods at the age of twelve; fifteen years later his skeleton was discovered, and buried with his father’s remains. 

  19. Joseph Crevier’s name first appears in the records of the Church of the Assumption at Sandwich, opposite Detroit, in November, 1816. He was then clerical assistant. In 1825 he became priest in charge of the parish, and so continued until after 1832. He frequently officiated in Detroit. The church at Sandwich was originally the Huron mission, for which see Wisconsin Historical Collections, xviii, p. 32, note 48. Father Crevier is mentioned in Wisconsin Historical Collections, xviii, p. 512. 

  20. Louis Généreux was a half-breed, well-known to the early American settlers of Ionia County, Michigan. He had a trading-house on Grand River not far from Ionia, and was sentenced to state’s prison for burning his father-in-law in a drunken bout. He there learned the shoemaker’s trade, and when pardoned settled in Kalamazoo County, at Gull Prairie. He was probably with Colonel McKay in Wisconsin, in the War of 1812-15. 


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