Plymouth, Plymouth County,
In our preliminary sketch of Plymouth County we have given many facts that
would otherwise appear in our history of this town. Plymouth is thirty-seven
miles south-west of Boston. The township is, we believe, the largest in the
State, extending sixteen miles on the coast from north to south. The land, back
from the village, is generally hilly and covered with pine woods. This wooded
section extends many miles into Barnstable County, and is traversed by very few
roads, and has scarcely any houses. The delicate fallow deer, still roams this
territory, in his native wilderness, and every winter the hunter's rifle secures
its antlered trophies.
The town is built on the shore, upon an easy declivity, about one-fourth of a
mile in breadth and one and a half miles in length. The soil here is good.
The harbor is formed by a beach extending three miles northerly from the
mouth of Eel River. This beach would long ago have been washed away by the ocean
had not large appropriations been made by the town, state, and general
government. At present there is not sufficient depth of water for the largest
class of vessels, although a very considerable fleet of fishing and coasting
vessels is owned here.
"There is considerable water-power in the town, and this mother of all the
towns in the land, is setting her daughters a good example of domestic
Numerous small streams cross the township, arid there are upward of 200 lakes
with an aggregate water surface of more than 3000 acres.
We give below an alphabetical list of passengers who arrived at Plymouth in
the Mayflower, 180 tons burthen, Dec. 21st, 1620, the Fortune of 55 tons, Nov.
9th, 1621, the Ann, of 140 tons, and the Little James, of 44 tons, the last of
July, or the beginning of August, 1623.
Passenger for the Mayflower, Fortune, and the Ann and Little James.
Mr. Isaac Allerton
Mr. William Brewster,
Mr. William Bradford
Mr. John Carver,
Mr. Samuel Fuller,
Mr. Stephen Hopkins
Mr. Christopher Martin,
Mr. William Mullins,
Capt. Miles Standish
Mr. Edward Winslow,
Mr. William White,
Mr. Richard Warren,
Philip de La Noye
Thomas Flavell and son,
Ann & Little James
Margaret Hickes and her children,
William Hilton's wife and children,
Thomas Morton, Jr,
Mr. Perce's two servants,
"Several names contained in the foregoing list, are differently spelt in modern
times, namely: Bassite is now spelt Bassett; Bompasse, Bumpas, sometimes Bump;
Burcher is probably the same as Burchard, the name of an early settler in
Connecticut; De La Noye, Delano: Dotey is on our records called Dote, Dotey, and
now frequently written Doten; Simonson, sometimes written Symons, is now
Thomas Carlyle observes, in his recent work, "Look now to American Saxondom,
and at that little fact of the sailing of the Mayflower, two hundred years ago.
There were straggling settlers in America before; some material as of a body was
there; but the soul of it was this. These poor men, driven out of their own
country, and not able to live in Holland, determined on settling in the new
world. Black untamed forests are there, and wild savage creatures; but not so
cruel as a star chamber hangman. They clubbed their small means together, hired
a ship, the little Mayflower, and made ready to sail. Hah! These men, I think,
had a work. The weak thing, weaker than a child, becomes strong, if it be a true
thing. Puritanism was only despicable, laughable, then; but nobody can manage to
laugh at it now. It is one of the strongest things under the sun at present."
"Plymouth was the first town built in New England by civilized man ; and
those by whom, it was built were inferior in worth to no Body of men, whose
names are recorded in history, during the last seventeen hundred years. A kind
of venerableness, arising from these facts, attaches to this town, which may be
termed a prejudice. Still, it has its foundation in the nature of man, and will
never be eradicated either by philosophy or ridicule. No New Englander, who is
willing to indulge his native feelings, can stand upon the rock, where our
ancestors set the first foot after their arrival on the American shore, without
experiencing emotions very different from those which are ex-cited by any common
object of the same nature. No New Englander could be willing to have that rock
buried and forgotten."
"The institutions, civil, literary, and religious, by which New England is
distinguished on this side the Atlantic, began here. Here the manner of holding
lands in free soccage, now universal in this country, commenced. Here the right
of suffrage was imparted to every citizen, to every inhabitant -not disqualified
by poverty or vice. Here was formed the first establishment of towns, of the
local legislature, which is called a town meetings: and of the peculiar town
executive, styled the selectmen. Here the first paroctial school was set up, and
the system originated for communicating to every child in the community the
knowledge of reading, writing, and arithmetic. Here, also, the first building
was erected for the worship of God; the first religious assembly gathered; and
the first minister called and settled, by the voice of the church and
congregation. On those simple foundations has since been erected a structure of
good order, peace, liberty, knowledge, morals, and religion, with which nothing
on this side the Atlantic can bear a remote comparison."
The first marriage in Plymouth was May 12, 1621, of Edward Winslow and Widow
Susanna White. The first mill in New England was erected near Billington Sea, by
Stephen Dean, in 1632.
March 12, 1676, the house of Mr. Clark was attacked by the Indians and 11
persons belonging to two families killed, and the house burnt. May 11, the same
year, eleven houses and two barns were burnt by the savages.
Plymouth is not the "rock-bound coast" that poets would make us believe.
There is not known in the township a single ledge except those that the
fishermen reach with their leads, off the coast, hence it is the more singular
that a single, hard, grey-colored syenitic granite boulder should have become so
celebrated as "Plymouth Rock." In 1774, some ardent Whigs, attempted to remove
this rock to town square with the intention of erecting over it a liberty pole.
In the attempt, the rock split asunder, and the lower part was returned to its
original bed, while the top part was drawn to the square, amid great excitement,
.by twenty yoke of oxen. July 4th, 1834, this part of the rock was placed in
front of Pilgrim Hall. The part remaining at the water's side is about six and a
half feet in diameter. Over this part, a substantial granite monument has been
partially erected, by the Pil-grim Society, with funds contributed by the
admirers of the Forefathers.
The honor of first stepping upon the Rock, has been claimed both for Mary
Chilton and John Alden; by the descendants of each resting upon tradition in
Cole's Hill, the first burial place of the Pilgrims, is just back of the
Rock. About 50 of those who came in the Mayflower, were buried here, including
Gov, Carver, "with three vollies of shot fired over him," and Rose, the
beautiful wife of Miles Standish.
Burying Hill, was originally called Port Hill, because here was
built the first defensive structure. This ancient fort is distinctly marked on
the south-east part of the hill. The building was of good timber, strong and
comely, with fiat roof upon which the ordnance was mounted. It also served as a
meeting-house. The hill was first used as a burying-ground soon after. The first
stone erected, it is supposed, was that of Joseph Bartlett, who died in 1703,
although there were many interments previous, including that of Edward Gray, in
1681. Within a few years, several costly monuments have been erected to the
memory of the ancient worthies, by their descendants. The Cushman monument is
one of the most noticeable. A stone has been erected in memory of the 72 seamen
who perished from cold, in Plymouth Harbor, Dec. 26th, and 27th, 1778, on board
the private armed brig General Arnold, of 20 guns, numbering 106 persons in all,
60 of whom were buried in one spot and 12 in other parts of the Hill. Quite
lately numerous walks have been laid out in different parts of this
burying-ground, and an effort to secure some degree of regularity of arrangement
has been attempted. Any inhabitants of the town seem to have the free privilege
of burying in any unoccupied sections of the lot, and many, even to this day,
avail themselves of this privilege, although a large and beautiful cemetery has
been consecrated at a little distance west from the village, under the name of
The corner stone of Pilgrim Hall, a monumental structure, was laid Sep. 1st,
182-t, and the building completed ten years later. It is 70 by 40 feet, built of
rough granite. On entering the Hall, the painting of the "Landing of the
Pilgrims," generously presented to the Pilgrim Society, by Henry Sargent, Esq.,
of Boston, first challenges attention. The size is 13 by 16 feet. It was valued
at $3000, aside from the frame, which cost $400. All the prominent characters in
the Colony, are represented in the costume of their time, with the friendly
Indian, Samoset, in the foreground. On the walls, are arranged portraits of
Edward Winslow; Josiah Winslow, the first native Governor; his wife Penelope
Pelham; Gen. John Winslow; Hon. Ephraim Spooner; John Alden of Middleboro,
great-grandson of John Alden the Pilgrim, who died in 1821, aged 102 years; Maj.
Gen. Benj. Lincoln; Hon. John Trumbull; James Thatcher, M. D.; James Kendell, D.
D.; and others. Among the antiquities are: A chair which belonged to Gov. Carver
; the sword, pewter dish, and iron pot, that belonged to Miles Standish; the
gun-barrel with which King Philip was killed; the original letter of Philip to
Gov. Prince, written in 1662 ; deeds bearing the signatures of Miles Standish,
Josiah Winslow, Peregrine White, John Alden, and many other of the old notables
; chairs belonging to Elder Brewster, and Gov. Wm. Bradford; a bead purse
wrought by Mrs. Gov. Winslow, while on her voyage over; a gold ring owned by the
Gov., and containing some of his hair; a commission from Oliver Cromwell to
Edward Winslow, dated April, 1654; a clock belonging to Gov. Hancock, which was
taken to West Bridgewater at the time of the siege; the "Fuller cradle;" besides
many other valuable relics of the Pilgrims. There is also a large library.
In front of Pilgrim Hall, is an iron railing enclosing a part of Forefather's
Rock on which are inscribed the 41 names of the signers of the compact in the
The "Old Colony Club" was formed in 1769. The first celebration of the
Landing of the Forefathers, was held in 1769. A very plain dinner of the
old-fashioned dishes was served. The succeeding year, m addition to the dinner,
an address was delivered by Edward Winslow, the first of a long series of
The "Pilgrim Society" was formed in 1820. In l850, it was voted to erect a
monument on or near the Rock.
The beach was formerly well wooded, and abounded with plums and grapes. The
Gurnet, at the entrance of the harbor, containing about 27 acres of excellent
land, was also well wooded. It is the extreme point of Marshfield beach.
The Province of Massachusetts erected a light house in 1768, which was
destroyed by fire in 1801. The United States erected its successor in 1803.
Saquish, the Indian for clams, is a headland containing 14 acres, and connected
with the Gurnet, The "Cow Yard" is the good anchorage nearby, so called because
a cow whale was captured there in early days.
Clark's Island, so called in honor of the mate of the Mayflower,
contains 86 acres, and was the place of the first landing of the Pilgrims in
this section, and was where they spent their first Sabbath. It was formerly well
covered with cedar trees. It has been owned by the town, and by the Watson
A large rock on the island called Election Rock, was long resorted to by
holiday parties. Brown's Island was covered with trees when the Pilgrims landed.
It is now under water.
The Court House, on Court House Square, is a very handsome building, fitted
up in admirable style for the use of the various County Officers as well as
Courts. The beautiful green in front, is enclosed with an iron fence. In the
rear of the Court House are the geols and dwelling-house attached.
The Works for supplying Plymouth village with water from "South Ponds," which
are situated some three miles south of the village, were constructed by the town
in 1855, at a cost of about $82,000. The Constructing Engineer was Moses Bates,
Esq. More than twelve miles of pipe, exclusive of service, was laid. The
Plymouth Gaslight Co., is another city luxury that our people would hardly care
to do without.
The seventy vessels employed in the Cod and Mackerel Fisheries, and coasting
business, in 1865, with a tonnage of 20,733, employed 513 men. At the same date
there were three cotton-mills 1 spool-cotton mill, 1 woolen mill, 1 rolling
mill, 2 tack manufactories, 4 cordage establishments, 2 rivet, and 2 neck stock
and ties manufactories.
The first Indian with whom the Colonists had any intercourse, was Samoset,
the Sagamore, whose home was probably in Maine When he entered the settlement he
was stark naked, except a leather about his waist, with a narrow fringe. The
savage had picked up a few words of English from the fishermen who had
occasionally visited the coast. It was a joyful day for the Pilgrim band when
they heard in their own tongue the words "Welcome, Welcome Englishmen. "They
gave him the best food they had and some strong water.
The Indian names of Plymouth were Umpame, Apaum or Patuxet.
No communication was opened between the Colony at Plymouth and the Dutch
settlement at New York, until 1627.
The first cattle were imported in 1623.
Watson's Hill was the place where Massasoit appeared with sixty
warriors, and exchanged hostages with the English, preliminary to the treaty of
peace, in March, 1621. At this interview, Samoset appears again, for the last
time in history, accompanied by Squanto, the only native of Plymouth, who had
been captured and carried to England, and who also could speak a little English,
accompanied by three others. These friendly natives acted as interpreters, and
on that day a treaty of friendship and good will was effected that lasted for
Billington Sea, is a lovely sheet of fresh water, two miles
south-west of the town, which was discovered from a tree-top, by Francis
Billington, in 1621. It is about one and a half miles long, and six miles in
Leyden Street received its present name in 1823, out of grateful
remembrance of the kindnesses received by the Pilgrims in the city of Leyden. It
had previously been called First, Great, and Broad Street.
The first house of worship was built on the north side of Town Square.
Richard Church, and John Thompson, afterwards of Middleboro, were the
architects. This building was taken down in 1683 and another one built at the
head of the square. A third house was built in 1744, being about 71 by 68 feet,
with spire 100 feet high surmounted by a brass weather-cock. The Gothic edifice
was built by the first church at a cost of $10,000. It is 61 by 70 feet. The
church of the Pilgrimage was erected in 1840, and stands near the site of the
first meeting-house. The Town House was built in 1749, and was formerly used as
the County Court House.
In January, 1831, the snow was three feet deep in Plymouth woods, so impeding
the movements of the deer, that with snow shoes the hunters captured 200, about
40 of them being taken alive.
The bi-centennial celebration of the landing, observed in 1820, was an
occasion of great interest, Daniel Webster delivering the oration. "Among other
affecting memorials, calling to mind the distresses of the Pilgrims, at the
dinner, five kernels of parched corn were placed on each plate, alluding to the
time in 1623, when that was the proportion allowed to each individual, on
account of the scarcity."
The Samoset House, taking into account its location and management,
is the most attractive summer home for the tourist in Plymouth County.
The first newspaper printed in the Old Colony, was at Plymouth, in 1786, by
Nathaniel Cleverly. Since then, numerous hebdomadals have been established and
gone to decay.
Two very superior weekly papers are now printed at Plymouth. "The Old Colony
Memorial and Plymouth Rock" is published by Geo. P. Andrews. This paper was
formed from the union of the old democratic with the old Whig organ of the
County, and is now in its forty-sixth year.
"The Old Colony Sentinel" is published every Saturday, by Moses Bates, Editor
and Proprietor. "As an independent conservative journal, devoted to the
interests of the people, the Sentinel claims to have no equal in the Old
The present officers of the Pilgrim Society are:
E. S. Tobey, of Boston, Presiden
Wm. T. Davis, of Plymouth, Vice Presiden
William S. Danforth, of Plymouth, Rec. and Corresponding Secretary
Isaac N. Stoddard, of Plymouth, Treasure
Lemuel D. Holmes, of Plymouth. Librarian
Timothy Gordon, Wm. H. Whitman, Thomas Loring, Charles G. Davis, Samuel H.
Doten, Charles 0. Churchill, Geo. G. Dyer, and Benjamin Hathaway, of Plymouth,
Samuel Nicholson, Isaac Rich, Edward S. Tobey, William Thomas, Nathaniel B.
Shurtleff and Abraham Jackson, of Boston, George S. Boutwell, of Groton, Ichabod
Washburn, of Worcester, William Savery, of Carver, George P. Hayward, of
The population of Plymouth in 1620, was 101; in 1720, it was 1206; in 1820,
it was 4348, and in 1860, it was 6272.
The schools of Plymouth are many of them of a very high order. For several
years the town has employed a Superintendent of public schools.
The corner-stone of a grand National Monument to the Forefathers, was laid on
Monument Hill, Aug. 2d, 1859.
In 1627, Isaack De Raisiers, was sent from Manhattan to visit the Plymouth
Colony. In his Report to his own government, he gives the following very
interesting sketch of the appearance of Plymouth at that early day:
"At the south side of the town there flows down a small river of fresh water,
very rapid, but shallow, which takes its rise from several lakes in the land
above, and there empties into the sea; where in April and the beginning of May
there come so many herring from the sea which want to ascend that river, that it
is quite surprising. This river the English have shut in with planks, and in the
middle with a little door, which slides up and down, and at the sides with
trellice work, through which the water has its course, but which they can also
close with slides. At the mouth they have constructed it with planks, like an
eel pot, with wings, where in the middle is also a sliding door, and with
trellice work at the sides, so that between the two [dams] there is a square
pool, into which the fish aforesaid come swimming in such shoals, in order to
get up above, where they deposit their spawn, that at one tide there are 10,000
to 12,000 fish in it, which they shut off in the rear at the ebb, and close up
the trellises above, so that no more water comes in; then the water runs out
through the lower trellises and they draw out the fish with baskets, each
according to the land he cultivates, and carry them to it, depositing in each
hill three or four fishes, and in these they plant them maize, which grows as
luxuriantly therein as though it were the best manure in the world : and if they
do not lay this fish therein, the maize will not grow, so that such is the
nature of the soil.
"New Plymouth lies on the slope of a hill stretching east towards the
sea-coast, with a broad street about a cannon shot of 800 [yards] long, leading
down the hill; with a [street] crossing in the middle, north-wards to the
rivulet, and southwards to the land. The houses are constructed of hewn planks,
with gardens also enclosed behind and at the sides with hewn planks, so that
their houses and court yards are arranged in very good order, with a stockade
against a sudden attack; and at the ends of the streets there are three wooden
gates. In the centre, on the cross street, stands the Governor's house, before
which is a square enclosure upon which four patereros [steen-stucken] are
mounted, so as to flank along the streets. Upon the hill, they have a large
square house, with a flat roof, made of thick sawn planks, stayed with oak
beams, upon the top of which they have six cannons, which shoot iron balls of
four or five pounds, and command the sur-rounding country. The lower part they
use for their church, where they preach on Sundays and the usual holidays. They
assemble by beat of drum, each with his musket or firelock, in front of the
captain's door; they have their cloaks on and place themselves in order, three
abreast, and are led by a sergeant without beat of drum. Behind comes the
Governor, in a long robe; beside him, on the right hand, comes the preacher with
his cloak on, and on the left hand the captain with his side arms and cloak on,
and with a small cane in his hand, and so they march in good order, and each
sets his arms down near him. Thus they are constantly on their guard night and
"Their government is after the English form. The Governor has his council,
which is chosen every year by the entire community by election or prolongation
of term. In the inheritance they place all the children in one degree, only the
eldest son has an acknowledgement for his seniority of birth.
"They have made stringent laws and ordinances upon the subject of fornication
and adultery, which laws they maintain and enforce very strictly indeed, even
among the tribes which live amongst them. They [the English] speak very angrily,
when they hear from the savages that we should live so barbarously in these
respects, and without punishment.
"Their farms are not so good as ours, because they are more stony, and
consequently not so suitable for the plough. They apportion their land according
as each has means to contribute to the Eighteen Thousand Guilders which they
have promised to those who had sent them out; whereby they have their freedom
without rendering an account to any one; only if the king should choose to send
a Governor General they would be obliged to acknowledge him as sovereign chief.
"The maize seed which they do not require tor their own use is delivered over
to the Governor, at three guilders the bushel, who in his turn sends it in
sloops to the North for the trade in skins among the savages; they reckon one
bushel of maize against one pound of beaver's skin; in the first place, a
division is made, according to what each has contributed, and they are credited
for the amount in the account of what each has to contribute yearly towards the
reduction of his obligation. Then with the remainder they purchase what next
they require, and which the Governor takes care to provide every year.
"They have better means of living than ourselves, because they have the fish
so abundant before their doors. There are also many birds, such as geese,
herons, and cranes, and other small-legged birds which are in great abundance
there in the winter. The tribes in their neighborhood have all the same customs
as already above described, only they are better conducted than ours, because
the English give them the example of better ordinances and a better life ; and
who, also to a certain degree, give them laws, by means of the respect they from
the very first have established amongst them.
"The savages [there] practice their youth in labor better than the savages
round about us; the young girls in sowing maize, the young men in hunting; they
teach them to endure privation in the field in a singular manner to wit: when
there is youth who begins to approach manhood, he is taken by his father, uncle,
or nearest friend and is conducted blindfolded into a wilderness, in order that
he may not know the way, and is left there by night or otherwise, with a bow and
arrows, and a hatchet and a knife. He must support himself there a whole winter,
with what the scanty earth furnishes at this season, and by hunting. Towards the
spring they come again, and fetch him out of it, take him home and feed him up
again until May. He must then go out again every morning with the person who is
ordered to take him in hand ; he must go into the forest to seek wild herbs and
roots which they know to be the most poisonous and bitter ; these they bruise in
water and press the juice out of them, which he must drink and immediately have
ready such herbs as will preserve him from death or vomiting; and if he cannot
retain it, he must repeat the dose until he can support it, and until his
constitution becomes accustomed to it so that he can retain it. Then he comes
home, and is brought by the men and women, all singing and dancing, before the
Sackima; and if he has been able to stand it all out well, and if he is fat and
sleek, a wife is given to him."
The following was the substance of the treaty of peace between the Colonists
and Massasoit, made on Watson's Hill:
- 1. That neither he nor any of his should injure or do hurt to any of our
- 2. And if any of his did hurt to any of ours, he should send the
offender, that we might punish him.
- 3. That if any of our tools were taken away, when our people were at
work, he should cause them to be restored; and if ours did any harm to any
of his, we would do the like to them.
- 4. If any did unjustly war against him, we would aid him; if any did war
against us, he should aid us.
- 5. He should send to his neighbor confederates to certify them of this,
that they might not wrong us, but might be likewise comprised in the
conditions of peace.
- 6. That when their men came to us, they should leave their bows and
arrows behind them, as we should do our pieces when we came to them.
Lastly, that doing thus. King James would esteem of him as his friend and
All of which the King seemed to like well, and it was applauded of his
followers. All the while he sat by the governor he trembled for fear. In his
person he is a very lusty man, in his best years, an able body grave of
countenance, and spare of speech; in his attire little or nothing differing from
the rest of his followers, only in a great chain of white bone beads about his
neck; and at it, behind his neck, hangs a little bag of tobacco, which he drank,4
and gave us to drink. His face was painted with a sad red, like murrey, and
oiled both head and face, that he looked greasily. All his followers likewise
were in their faces, in part or in whole, painted, some black, some red, some
yellow, and some white, some with crosses, and other antic works ; some had
skins on them, and some naked; all strong, tall men in appearance.
"So after all was done, the governor conducted him to the brook, and there
they embraced each other, and he departed; we diligently keeping our hostages."
This visit of Massasoit's was returned by Edward Winslow and Stephen Hopkins.
"They slept the first night at Namasket, now Middleboro, and arrived at
Pockanocket the nest day. The king was short of provision, but procured a couple
of fish, of which he gave them part. They lodged upon a bed of plank, raised a
foot from the ground, with a mat upon them; and upon the same lay also
Massasoit, his wife, and two of his men, and so crowded them that they were more
weary of their lodging than their journey. They set out for home the next day,
fearing lest fasting, hard lodging, lice, fleas, and moschetoes, would render
them unable to return.
In 1623, word came that Massasoit was sick nigh unto death, and Edward
Winslow, and John Hambden visited him, accompanied by Hobamock as guide. Winslow
in his account says:
"In the way, Hobamock, manifesting a troubled spirit, brake forth into these
speeches: "Neen womasu Sagimus, neen womasu Sagimus, &c., My loving sachem, my
loving sachem! Many have I known, but never any like thee." And, turning to me,
he said whilst I lived I should never see his like amongst the Indians; saying
he was no liar; he was not bloody and cruel, like other Indians. In anger and
passion he was soon reclaimed; easy to be reconciled towards such as had
offended him; ruled by reason in such measure as he would not scorn the advice
of mean men; and that he governed his men better with few strokes than others
did with many; truly loving where he loved; yea, he feared we had not a faithful
friend left among the Indians; showing how he oft times restrained their malice,
&c.; continuing a long speech, with such signs of lamentation and unfeigned
sorrow, as it would have made the hardest heart relent.
"At length we came to Mattapuyst, and went to the sachimo comaco, for so they
called the sachem's place though they call an ordinary house witeo; but
Conbatant, the sachem, was not at home, but at Puckanokick, which was some five
or six miles off. The squa sachem, for so they call the sachem's wife, gave us
friendly entertainment. Here we inquired again concerning Massassowat: they
thought him dead, but knew no certainty. Whereupon I hired one to go, with all
expedition, to Puckanokick, that we might know the certainty thereof, and withal
to acquaint Conbatant with our there being. About half an hour before
sun-setting the messenger returned, and told us that he was not yet dead, though
there was no hope we should find him living. Upon this we were much revived, and
set forward with all speed, though it was late within night ere we got thither.
About two of the clock, that afternoon, the Dutchman departed; so that in that
respect our journey was frustrate.
"When we came thither, we found the house so full of men, as we could scarce
get in, though they used their best diligence to make way for us. There were
they in the midst of their charms for him, making such a hellish noise as it
distempered us that were well, and therefore unlike to ease him that was sick.
About him were six or eight women, who chafed his arms, legs, and thighs, to
keep heat in him. When they had made an end of their charming, one told him that
his Mends, the English, were come to see him. Having understanding left, but his
sight was wholly gone, he asked who was come. They told him Winsnow, for they
cannot pronounce the letter I, but ordinarily n in the place thereof. He desired
to speak with me. When I came to him, and they told him of it, he put forth his
hand to me, which I took. Then he said twice, though very inwardly. Keen
Winsnow? which is to say. Art thou Winslow? I answered, Ahhe, that is, Yes. Then
he doubled these words: Matta neen wonckanet namen, Winsnow! that is to say,
Winslow, I shall never see thee again.
"Then I called Hobamock, and desired him to tell Massassowat, that the
governor, hearing of his sickness, was sorry for the same; and though, by reason
of many businesses, he could not come himself, yet he sent me with such things
for him as he thought most likely to do him good in this extremity; and whereof
if he pleased to take, I would presently give him; which he desired; and having
a confection of many comfortable conserves, on the point of my knife, I gave him
some, which I could scarce get through his teeth. When it was dis-solved in his
mouth, he swallowed the juice of it; whereat those that were about him much
rejoiced, saying he had not swallowed anything in two days before. Then I
desired to see his mouth, which was exceedingly furred, and his tongue swelled
in such a manner as it was not possible for him to eat such meat as they had,
his passage being stopped up. Then I washed his mouth, and scraped his tongue,
and got abundance of corruption out of the same. After which I gave him more of
the confection, which he swallowed with more readiness. Then he desired to
drink. I dissolved some of it in water, and gave him thereof. Within half an
hour this wrought a great alteration in him, in the eyes of all that beheld him.
Presently after his sight began to come to him. Then I gave him more, and told
him of a mishap we had, in breaking a bottle of drink, which the governor also
sent him, saying, if he would send any of his men to Patuxet, I would send for
more of the same; also for chickens to make him broth, and for other things,
which I knew were good for him; and would stay the return of his messenger, if
he desired. This he took marvelous kindly, and appointed some, who were ready to
go by two of the clock in the morning; against which time I made ready a letter,
declaring therein our good success, the state of his body, &c., desiring to send
such things as I sent for, and such physic as the surgeon durst administer to
"He requested me that, the day following, I would take my piece, and kill him
some fowl, and make him some English pottage, such as he had eaten at Plymouth;
which I promised. After, his stomach coming to him, I must needs make him some
without fowl, before I went abroad, which somewhat troubled me; but being I must
do somewhat, I caused a woman to bruise some corn, and take the flour from it,
and set over the girt, or broken corn, in a pipkin, for they have earthen pots
of all sizes. When the day broke, we went out, it being now March, to seek
herbs, but could not find any but strawberry leaves, of which I gathered a
handful, and put into the same; and because I had nothing to relish it, I went
forth again, and pulled up a sassafras root, and sliced a piece thereof, and
boiled it, till it had a good relish, and then took it out again. The broth
being boiled, I strained it through my handkerchief, and gave him at least a
pint, which he drank, and liked it very well. After this his sight mended more
and more; and he took some rest; insomuch as we with admiration blessed God for
giving his blessing to such raw and ignorant means, making no doubt of his
recovery, himself and all of them acknowledging us the instruments of his
preservation. That morning he caused me to spend in going from one to another
amongst those that were sick in the town, requesting me to wash their mouths
also, and give to each of them some of the same I gave him, saying that they
were good folk. This pains I took with willingness, though it were much
offensive to me, not being accustomed with such poisonous savors.
"The messengers were now returned, but finding his stomach come to him, he
would not have the chickens killed, but kept them for breed. Neither durst we
give him any physic, which was then sent, because his body was so much altered
since our instructions; neither saw we any need, not doubting now of his
recovery, if he were careful. Many, whilst we were there, came to see him; some,
by their report, from a plate not less than a hundred ,miles. Upon this his
recovery, he brake forth into these speeches: "Now I see the English are my
friends and love me; and whilst I live, I will never forget this kindness they
have showed me." Whilst we were there, our entertainment exceeded all other
strangers." Good News from New England.
There are fifteen towns with the name of Plymouth in the United States,
besides "Plymouth' Hollow," "Plymouth Meeting" and "Plymouth Rock," Iowa.
Prom the time of the first call for troops to suppress Rebellion, April l5th,
1861, to the close of the war, Plymouth promptly responded to the calls for men,
and means. She furnished 69 three months' men, 42 for 9 months, 23 for 1 year,
478 for three years, and 108 for the Navy. The following is the roll of the dead
as published in the Town Report for 1866:
John K. Alexander, E, 29th, killed at Spottsylvania, May
Wm. T. Atwood, E, 23d, at Newborn, of fever, July 20th, 1862.
Joseph W. B. Burgess, H, 8th N. H., died at Washington, Dec. 9th, 1864.
Thomas B. Burt, E, 29th, died at Washington, Oct. 31st, 1862.
Wm. Brown, a fugitive slave from Maryland, died on the naval ship
"Constellation," Dec. 24th, 1864.
Victor A. Bartlett, of the steamer "Housatonic," captured in the naval attack
upon Fort Sumter, died in Salisbury Prison, Mar. 25th, 1864.
Nathaniel Burgess, E, 29th, wounded at Port Steadman, died July 1st, 1864.
Lawrence E. Blake, E, 29th, killed at Antietam, Sept. 17th, 1862.
Edward D, Brailey, E, 23d, killed on picket, at Newbern, April 27th, 1862.
George W. Burgess, G, 18th, transferred to regular artillery and died at
Falmouth Hospital, March 8th 1863.
George W. Barnes, Q. M. Serg't, 32d, at Harrison's Landing, Aug. 3d, 1862.
Jedediah Bumpus, C, 9th, killed June 30th, 1864.
Capt Joseph W. Collingwood, 18th, wounded at Fredericksburg, died Bee 24th,
Adj't. John B. Collingwood, 29th, at St. John's Hospital, Cincinnati, August
Thomas Collingwood, E, 29th, at Camp Parks, Ky. Aug. 3lst, 1863.
John Carline, B, 23d, at Roanoke Island, Oct. 14th, 1864.
Joseph L. Churchill, E, 23d, killed at Newborn, March 14th, 1862.
Isaac Dickerman, 99th N. T., died near Fortress Monroe, Nov. 12th, 1863.
Benj. F. Durgin, D, 3Sth, at Baton Rouge, Aug. 8th, 1863.
Seth W. Eddy, H, 58th, at Readville, August 13th, 1864.
William Edes, F, 11th, at Andersonville, Aug. 30th, 1864.
Theodore S. Fuller, E, 23d, captured Oct. l0th, 1863, and died in prison.
Melvin C. Faught, A, o2d, at Windmill Point Hospital, Va., Feb. 5th, 1863.
Lemuel B. Faunce, jr., G, 38th, at Goldsboro, N. C, April 23d, 1865.
Edward E. Green, E, 38th, at Baton Rouge, July 11th, 1868.
Lieut. Frederick Holmes, 38th, killed at Port Hudson, July 14th, 1862.
Thomas W. Hayden, E, 29th, at Crab Orchard, Sept. 4th, 1863.
Orin D. Holmes, E, 29th, killed at Fort Steadman, March 25th, 1864.
Edwin F. Hall, D, 58th, killed at Cold Harbor, June 3d, 1864.
George M. Heath, E, 32d, at Harrison's Landing, July 30th, 1862.
Justus W. Harlow, E, 29th, at Camp Hamilton, Sept. 16th, 1862.
Wm. N. Hathaway, G, 38th, at Convalescent Camp, Feb. 23d, 1863.
Thomas Haley, G, 38th, at St. James' Hospital, La., April 5th, 1863.
Lieut. Horace A. Jenks, E, 29th, at Mill Dale Hospital, Miss., July
Lieut. Thomas A. Mayo, E, 29th, killed at Gaines' Mills, June 27th. 1802.
Charles E. Merriam, at Harper's Ferry, Nov. 12th, 1862.
Lemuel B. Morton, E, 29th, killed at Spottsylvania, May 12th, 1864.
Gideon E. Morton, F, 7th, at Fredericksburg, May 8d. 1863.
J. T. Oldham, B, 24th, at Newborn, 1863.
Isaac H. Perkins, E, 23d, died of wounds, at Campbell Hospital, June 26th, 1864.
George T. Peckham, E, 29th, at Knoxville, Nov. 1st, 1863.
Wm. Perry, G, 38th, at New Orleans, June 5th, 1863.
Thomas Pugh, fugitive slave, 5th Cavalry, died at sea, Nov. 18th, 1865, while on
his way home.
Lewis Payzant, date of death unknown.
Harvey A. Raymond, E, 23d, killed at Whitehall, N. C, Dec.16th, 1862.
Henry H. Bobbins, E, 29th, at Kalorama Hospital, Dec. 4th, 1 863.
Albert E. Robbins, E, 29th, March 5th, 1864.
Edward Stevens, E, 23d, at Newbern, Jan. 19th, 1863, of wounds received at
Thomas S. Saunders, K, 23d, at Roanoke Island, March 11th, 1862.
William H. Shaw, E, 32d, Aug. 6th, 1865.
Edward Smith, E, 23d, captured, exchanged and died at Annapolis, May, 1862.
John Sylvester, 1st Cavalry, at Andersonville, Dec. 16th, 1864. His. grave is
Otis Sears, G, 38th, while at home on furlough, Jan. 5th, 1864.
E. Stevens Turner, Acting Master store ship "Relief," at Rio Janeiro, Aug. 5th,
Frank A. Thomas, E, 29th, at Gamp Hamilton, Sept. 14th, 1862.
David A. Taylor, E, 32d, killed at Petersburg, June 22d, 1864.
Wallace Taylor, B, 24th, at Newbern, Nov. 28d, 1862.
Charles E. Tillson, E, 29th, at Andersonville, July 14th, 1864. His grave is No.
Israel H. Thrasher, D, 38th, of wounds at Port Hudson, June 29th, 1863.
David E. Taller, I, 58th, at Alexandria, Oct. 6th, 1864.
Serg't George E. Wadsworth, 29th, at Camp Parks, Ky., Aug. 31st, 1863.
Charles E. Wadsworth, 12th, at Salisbury Prison, Nov. 29th, 1864.
David Williams, E, 29th, at Camp Dennison, Ky., Sept. 14th, 1863.
Benjamin Westgate, E, 23d, killed at Whitehall, Doc. 16th, 1862.
John M. Whiting, G, 38th, killed at Opequan Creek, Sept. 19th, 1864.
John Whitmore, Acting Master, of yellow fever, at sea, Aug., 1863.
A very large Monumental Association was formed in 1866, for the purpose of
erecting a fitting memorial to the honored dead.
On the old forest road leading from Plymouth to Sandwich, may be seen the
well-known "Sacrifice Rocks." They are within the limits of Plymouth. Tradition
assorts that they have for ages been covered with sticks and stones. It was a
habit with the Indians of the Old Colony, as well as of some portion of our own
unlettered race, in early times, in both hemispheres, to thus mark certain spots
with their sepulchral significance, and large rocks if lying on their path were
selected for this purpose. In the absence of rocks, heaps of sticks accumulating
through this simple rite of commemoration, attested their regard for the
Note. Among the authorities consulted in the preparation of the foregoing
sketch, we mention "Russell's Pilgrim Memorials," "Barber History," and
4. Or the same as smoking tobacco.
Notes About Book:
Source: Plymouth County Directory and Historical Register of the Old Colony,
Middleboro, Mass: Published By Stillman B. Pratt & Company, 1867.
Notes about Online Publication: This manuscript has been ocr'd and heavily
edited. Many of the Native American words have been reproduced as clearly as
online publication will allow us, but not all are exactly the way they were in
the original work. The structure of this manuscript has been changed to allow
better online presentation.