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Slave Narrative of Reverend Squire Dowd

Interviewer: T. Pat Matthews Person Interviewed: Rev. Squire Dowd Location: 202 Battle Street, Raleigh, North Carolina Date of Birth: April 3, 1855 [HW: language not negro, very senternous & interesting.] [TR: The above comment is crossed out.] Reverend Squire Dowd 202 Battle Street Raleigh, N. C. My name is Squire Dowd, and I was born April 3, 1855. My mother’s name was Jennie Dowd. My father’s name was Elias Kennedy. My mother died in Georgia at the age of 70, and my father died in Moore County at the age of 82. I attended his funeral. My sister and her husband had carried my mother to Georgia, when my sister’s husband went there to work in turpentine. My mother’s husband was dead. She had married a man named Stewart. You could hardly keep up with your father during slavery time. It was a hard thing to do. There were few legal marriages. When a young man from one plantation courted a young girl on the plantation, the master married them, sometimes hardly knowing what he was saying. My master was General W. D. Dowd. He lived three miles from Carthage, in Moore County, North Carolina. He owned fifty slaves. The conditions were good. I had only ten years’ experience, but it was a good experience. No man is fool enough to buy slaves to kill. I have never known a real slave owner to abuse his slaves. The abuse was done by patterollers and overseers. I have a conservative view of slavery. I taught school for four years and I have been in the ministry fifty years. I was...

Shakori Indians

Shakori Tribe: A native name but its significance unknown, though perhaps the same as Sugari, “stingy or spoiled people,” or “of the river whose-water-cannot-be drunk.” Also called: Cacores, a misprint. Shakori Connections. The Shakori belonged to the Siouan linguistic family, their closest connections being evidently with the southern division of the Siouan tribes of the East. Barnwell (1908) identified them with the Sissipahaw. Shakori Location. The Shakori moved so frequently and there is so much uncertainty regarding their early history, that this is hard to give, but, as they usually kept company with the Eno, tenancy of the courses of Shocco and Big Shocco Creeks in the present Vance, Warren, and Franklin Counties is perhaps the location most closely connected with them in historic times. (See South Carolina and Virginia.) Shakori History. It is possible that the Shakori gave their name to the province of Chicora visited by Ayllon and his companions in 1521. If so, we must suppose that they moved north later in the sixteenth century or early in the seventeenth, perhaps as a result of the Pardo expeditions. In 1650 Edward Blande and his associates found the “Nottoway and Schockoores old fields” between Meherrin and Nottoway Rivers, but the Indians were not there. In 1654 Governor Yeardley of Virginia was told by a Tuscarora Indian of an inland people called the “Cacores,” probably an attempt to indicate this tribe. In 1672 Lederer found them living in a village 14 miles from that of the Eno (Lederer, 1912), and in 1701 Lawson says these two tribes (the Shakori and Eno) were in one village called Adshusheer on Eno...

William E. Woodlief

Private 1st Class, Inf., Co. B, 30th Div., 119th Regt.; of Vance County; son of J. M. and Mrs. Mary Woodlief. Entered service Sept. 21, 1917, at Henderson, N.C. Sent to Camp Jackson, S. C., transferred to Camp Sevier, S. C., then to Camp Merritt. Sailed for France. Fought at Ypres, Meuse-Argonne. Gassed at Bellicourt. Sent to British Hospital Base No. 73. Mustered out at Camp Jackson, S. C., April 1,...

Bennett Hester Perry

Capt., Motor Trans. Corps; of Vance County; son of Redding and Mrs. Fannie C. Perry. Entered service May 15, 1917, at Ft. Oglethorpe, Ga. Sent to Camp Jackson, S. C., Transferred to Hoboken, N. J. Sailed for France January, 1918. Promoted to rank of 2nd Lt. at Ft. Oglethorpe, Ga.; 1st Lt. October, 1918; to Capt. January, 1919. With Motor Trans. Corps. Mustered out at Camp Mills, N. Y., Jan. 24,...

Henry S. Moss

Private, Replacement, 3rd Casual, 41st Div. Born in Vance County; the son of B. H. and Katie Moss. Entered service Aug. 27, 1918, at Henderson, N.C. Sent to Camp Jackson, S. C. Transferred to Newport News, Va. Overseas to France Nov. 9, 1918. Mustered out at Camp Lee, Va., May 26,...

Frank E. Marston

Private 1st Class, Med. Corps, San. Det., 30th Div., 120th Regt.; of Vance County; son of R. J. and Mrs. Maggie A. Marston. Entered service July 25, 1917, at Henderson, N.C. Sent to Camp Sevier, S. C. Transferred to New York. Sailed for France May 28, 1918. Was in all battles in which 30th was engaged. Mustered out at Camp Jackson, S. C., April 15,...

John Lee Wester

Sergt., Adjt. Gen. Dept. Born in Vance County; son of W. H. and Lena W. Wester. Entered service at Henderson, N.C., Sept. 6, 1918. Sent to Camp Jackson, Sept. 7, 1918. Mustered out at Camp Jackson, S. C., March 7, 1919.

L. A. Jackson

Sergt., Inf., Co. C, 120th Regt., 30th Div.; from Vance County; the son of Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Jackson Husband of Mrs. Zelma Jackson. Entered the service April, 1916, at Henderson, N.C. Was sent to El Paso, Texas. Transferred to Camp Sevier, S. C., and from there to Camp Mills, N. Y. Sailed for France May 28, 1918. Fought at Meuse-Argonne. Received shrapnel wound at Bellicourt Sept. 29th and was sent to British General Hospital No. 73. Mustered out at Camp Jackson, S. C., April 15,...

David Britt Grissom

Private., Inf., Hdqrs. Co., 81st Div., 324th Regt.; of Vance County; son of R. G. and Mrs. Mary Grissom. Entered service May 25, 1918, at Henderson, N.C. Sent to Camp Jackson, S. C. Transferred to Camp Sevier, S. C., then to Camp Mills, N. Y. Sailed for France Aug., 1918. Fought at Meusce-Argonne, Vosges. Held Line at Vosges. Mustered out at Camp Jackson, S. C., Jan. 25,...

Edward C. Harris

2nd Lt., M. G. Co., 81st Div. 321st Inf. Born in Vance County; son of Edward W. and Meta Earl Harris. Entered service April, 1917, at Wendell, N.C. Went to Ft. Oglethorpe, Ga. Sailed for France Aug. 5, 1918. Wounded in France Nov. 11, 1918. Died Nov. 12, 1918. An exceptionally brave officer. Carried his machine gun through wire entanglement and put it in position under violent fire from three enemy machine guns. Fatally wounded, but commanded his men to leave him and continue fighting. Received Croix de Guerre with Palm and D. S. Cross for heroism at Grimancourt, France. Graduated from Trinity College,...
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