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Papago Indians

Papago Indians. Signifying “bean people,” from the native words paphh, “beans,” and  óotam, “people.” Also called: Saikinne, Si’-ke-na, Apache name for Pima, Papago, and Maricopa. Táh’ba, Yavapai name. Teχpamais, Maricopa name. Tóno-oōhtam, own name, signifying “people of the desert.” Vidshi itikapa, Tonto name. Papago Connections The Papago belong to the Piman branch of the Uto-Aztecan linguistic stock and stand very close to the Pima. Papago Location In the territory south and southeast of the Gila River, especially south of Tucson; in the main and tributary valleys of the Santa Cruz River; and extending west and southwest across the desert waste known as the Papaguerfa, into Sonora, Mexico. Papago Villages Acachin, location uncertain. Alcalde, probably in Pima County. Ana, probably in Pima County. Anicam, probably in Pima County. Areitorae, south of Sonorita, Sonora, Mexico. Ati, on the west bank of Rio Altar, between Uquitoa and Tubutama, just south of the Arizona boundary. Babasaqui, probably Papago, 3 miles above Imuris, between Cocospera and Magdalena, Sonora, Mexico. Bacapa, in northwestern Sonora, Mexico, slightly southeast of Carrizal. Baipia, slightly northwest of Caborca, probably on the Rio Altar, northwestern Sonora, Mexico. Bajfo, location uncertain. Batequi, east of the Rio Altar in northwestern Sonora, Mexico. Boca del Arroyo, probably in Pima County. Caborica, on the Gila River. Caca Chimir, probably in Pima County. Cahuabi, in Arizona near the Sonora border. Canoa, between Tubac and San Xavier del Bac, on Rio Santa Cruz. Casca, probably in Pima County. Charco, probably identical with Chioro. Chiora, probably in Pima County. Chuba, location uncertain. Coca, location uncertain. Comohuabi, in Arizona on the border of Sonora, Mexico. Cops, west of...

Papago Tribe

A Piman tribe, closely allied to the Pima, whose original home was the territory south and south east of Gila River, especially south of Tucson, Arizona, in the main and tributary valleys of the Rio Santa Cruz, and extending west and south west across the desert waste known as the Papaguería, into Sonora, Mexico

Pima Indians

Pima Indians. Signifying “no” in the Nevome dialect and incorrectly applied through misunderstanding by the early missionaries. Also called: Â’-â’tam, own name, signifying “people,” or, to distinguish them from the Papago Â’-â’tam â’kimûlt, “river people.” Nashteíse, Apache name, signifying “live in mud houses.” Paǐnyá, probably name given by Havasupai. Saikiné, Apache name, signifying “living in sand (adobe) houses,” also applied to Papago and Maricopa. Teχ-păs, Maricopa name. Tihokahana, Yavapai name. Widshi ǐti’kapa, Tonto-Yuma name. Pima Connections. The Pima gave their name to the Piman linguistic stock of Powell, which is now recognized to be a subdivision of the great Uto-Aztecan stock, also including the Nahuatlan and Shoshonean families. The tribes connected most intimately with the Pima were the Papago (see above) and the Quahatika (q. v.), and after them the so-called Pima Bajo or Nevome of Mexico. Pima Location. In the valleys of the Gila and Salt Rivers. Pima Subdivisions. Formerly the name Pima was applied to two tribes called respectively the Pima Bajo and Pima Alto, but the former, living chiefly in Sonora, Mexico, are now known as Nevome, the term Pima being restricted to the Pima Alto. Pima Villages Agua Escondida, probably Pima or Papago, southwest of Tubac, southwestern Arizona. Agua Fria, probably Pima, on Gila River Reservation. Aquitun, 5 miles west of Picacho, on the border of the sink of the Santa Cruz River. Aranca, two villages, location unknown. Arenal, probably Pima, on the Pima and Maricopa Reservation, Gila River. Arivaca, west of Tubao. Arroyo Grande, southern Arizona. Bacuancos, 7 leagues south of the mission of Guevavi, northwestern Sonora, Mexico. Bisani, 8 leagues southwest of Caborica,...

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