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Siletz Tribe

Siletz Indians. A former Salishan tribe on a river of the same name in north west Oregon.  It was the southernmost Salishan tribe on the coast.  Latterly the name was extended to designate all the tribes on the Siletz Reservation in Oregon which belong to the Athapascan, Yakonan, Kusan, Takilman, Shastan and Shahaptian linguistic...

Takelma Tribe

Takelma Indians occupy the middle portion of the course of Rogue river in south west Oregon from and perhaps including Illinois river to about Table Rock, the northern tributaries of Rogue river between these limits, and the upper course of Cow Creek.

Yaquina Tribe

Yaquina Indians. A small tribe, but the most important division of the Yakonan family, formerly living about Yaquina River and Bay, west Oregon. By the early explorers and writers they were classed with the Salishan tribes to the north, but later were shown to be linguistically independent. The tribe is now practically extinct. There are a few survivors, for the greater part of mixed blood, on the Siletz Reservation, Oregon. According to Dorsey1 the following were villages of the Yaquina: On the north side of Yaquina river: Holukhik Hunkkhwitik Iwai Khaishuk Khilukh Kunnupiyu Kwulai Kyaukuhu Kyuwatkal Mipshuntik Mittsulstik Shash Thlalkhaiuntik Thlekakhaik Tkhakiyu Tshkitshiauk Tthilkitik Ukhwaiksh Yahal Yikkhaich On the south side of the river: Atshuk Chulithltiyu Hakkyaiwal Hathletukhish Hitshinsuwit Hiwaitthe Kaku Khaiyukkhai Khitalaitthe Kholkh Khulhanshtauk Kilauutuksh Kumeukwu Kutshuwitthe Kwaitshi Kwilaishauk Kwulchichicheshk Kwullaish Kwullakhtauik Kwutichuntthe Mulshintik Naaish Paiinkkhwutthu Pikiiltthe Pkhulluwaaiithe Pkuuniukhtauk Puunttlriwaun Shilkhotshi Shupauk Thlekwiyauik Thlelkhus Thlinaitshtik Thlukwiutshthu Tkulmashaauk Tuhaushuwitthe Tulshk FootnotesJour. Am. Folk-lore, 111, 229,...

Yakonan Indians

Yakonan Family, Yakonan Stock, Yakonan Tribes. A linguistic family formerly occupying a territory in west Oregon, on and adjacent to the coast from Yaquina River south to Umpqua River. The family was probably never strong in numbers and of late years (1905) has decreased rapidly. The few survivors are on the Siletz Reservation, in Oregon. The family is of considerable ethnologic interest, since it apparently represents the southern limit of a type of culture exhibited particularly by the Chinookan, Salishan, and other tribes of the coast of Washington and Vancouver island. The Athapascan tribes of south Oregon and north California seem to have been more deeply affected by contact with Californian stocks. The Yakonan conformed physically to the general type of the north west coast and are notable as marking the southern limit in that region of the practice of artificial deformation of the head. Their social organization is not fully understood, but there was no totemic clan system, though a tendency to local segregation of groups related by blood was evident in their villages. There was also a preference for marriage outside the tribe, though this did not have the force of an exogamous rule, so far as can be learned. The social orders of nobility and common people, peculiar to the north west coast, obtained, and slavery was an institution in full force until the tribes came under the control of the United States. The Yakonan mythology and traditions are distinctly of the type of the coast tribes of Washington, but they show traces of modification by contact with the Californian stocks on the south The family...

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