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Native American History of Seminole County, Georgia

Seminole County is named after the Seminole Indians. Its county seat is Donalsonville. It is located in the far southwestern corner of Georgia and adjoins both Alabama and Florida. Maps of the late 1700s and early 1800s labeled the Hitchiti-Creek Indians in Southwest Georgia, who were not members of the Muskogee-Creek Confederacy, as Seminoles. Some of these villages and farmsteads eventually moved to Alabama and joined the Creek Confederacy, while others moved southward into Florida, after 1721, when Florida became part of the United States. Up until around 1843 there were still substantial numbers of Creek and Yuchi Indians in southern Georgia, who remained in the region, after it was ceded to the United States by the Creek Confederacy. These people did not feel bound by the treaties with a tribal body to which they did not belong. Many mixed-blood Creek and Yuchi families in southwest Georgia elected to take state citizenship, rather than being forced to move out of the state. They were often related by marriage to their Caucasian neighbors. In the decades that have followed, these mixed-heritage families have culturally assimilated into the general population. Seminole County is bounded on the north by Early County, GA. On the southwest, it is bordered by Jackson County, FL, and Houston County, AL. The county’s western boundaries are formed by the Chattahoochee River and, the Alabama State Line. On the east, it is bordered by Decatur County, GA. On the northeast, it is bordered by Miller County, GA. Geology and hydrology Seminole County is located in the Upper Gulf Coastal Plain. In most areas of the Gulf Coastal Plain...

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