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Chief Pontiac of the Ottawa’s

Immediately after the peace of 1763 all the French forts in the west as far as Green Bay were garrisoned with English troops; and the Indians now began to realize, but too late, what they had long apprehended the selfish designs of both French and English threatening destruction, if not utter annihilation, to their entire race. These apprehensions brought upon the theatre of Indian warfare, at that period of time, the most remarkable Indian in the annals of history, Pontiac, the chief of the Ottawa’s and the principal sachem of the Algonquin Confederacy. He was not only distinguished for his noble and manly form, commanding address and proud demeanor, but also for his lofty courage, winning manners and a pointed and vigorous eloquence, which won the respect and confidence of all Indians, and made him a marked example of that grandeur and sublimity of character so often found among his so greatly miscomprehended race. Pontiac had closely watched the slowly advancing power of the English, and their haughty and defiant encroachments upon the territories of his own people and his entire race. When he was informed of the approach of Major Rogers with a company of English soldiers into his country, the indignation of the forest hero was roused to its highest pitch; and at once he sent a messenger to Rogers, who met him on the 7th of November, 1763, with a request to halt until Pontiac, the chief of the Nation, should arrive, then on his way. As soon as Pontiac came up he boldly demanded of Rogers his business and why he had come with his soldiers...

Moravian Massacre at Gnadenbrutten

In the early part of the year 1763 two Moravian missionaries, Post and Heckewelder, established a mission among the Tuscarawa Indians, and in a few years they had three nourishing missionary stations, viz: Shoenbrun, Gnadenbrutten and Salem, which were about five miles apart and fifty miles west of the present town of Steubenville, Ohio. During our Revolutionary War their position being midway between the hostile Indians (allies of the British) on the Sandusky River, and our frontier settlements, and therefore on the direct route of the war parties of both the British Indian allies and the frontier settlers, they were occasionally forced to give food and shelter to both, which aroused the jealousy of both the Indian allies of the English and the American frontiersmen, although they preserved the strictest neutrality. In February 1772, the American settlers (nothing more could be expected) assumed to believe that the Moravian, or Christian Indians; as they were called, harbored the hostile Indians; therefore they pronounced them enemies, and at once doomed them to destruction. Accordingly on the following march, ninety volunteers, under the leadership of one David Williamson, started for Gnadenbrutten where they arrived on the morning of the 8th, and at once surrounded and entered the station; but found the most of the Indians in a field gathering corn. They told them they had come in peace and friendship, and with a proposition to move them from their unpleasant and dangerous position between the two hostile races to Fort Pitt for their better protection. The unsuspecting Indians, delighted at the suggestion of their removal to a safer place, gave up their few...

Wyandot Indians

Wyandot Tribe: Meaning perhaps “islanders,” or “dwellers on a peninsula.” Occasionally spelled Guyandot. At an earlier date usually known as Huron, a name given by the French from huré, “rough,” and the depreciating suffix -on. Also called: Hatindiaβointen, Huron name of Huron of Lorette. Nadowa, a name given to them and many other Iroquoian tribes by Algonquians. Telamatenon, Delaware name, meaning “coming out of a mountain or cave.” Thastchetci’, Onondaga name. Connection. The Wyandot belonged to the Iroquoian linguistic family. Wyandot Location. The earliest known location of the Huron proper was the St. Lawrence Valley and the territory of the present province of Ontario from Lake Ontario across to Georgian Bay. The Tionontati were just west of them on Lake Huron. (See also Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.) Wyandot Villages There are said to have been four confederated Huron tribes in the time of Champlain. Cartier, who first met these people, gives the following town names: Araste, on or near St. Lawrence River below the site of Quebec. Hagonchenda, on St. Lawrence River not far from the point where it is joined by Jacques Cartier River. Hochelaga, on Montreal Island. Hochelay, probably near Point Platon, Quebec. Satadin, location uncertain. Stadacona, on the site of the present Quebec. Starnatan, just below the site of Quebec. Tailla, near Quebec. Teguenondahi, location uncertain. Tutonaguay, 25 leagues above the site of Quebec. The following towns, some under their native names and others under the names of the missions established by the French Jesuits, existed in Ontario between Lake Simcoe and Georgian Bay in the first half of the seventeenth century Andiata....

Biography of Peter Moyer

Peter Moyer. On the old historic farm in Shawnee County, not far from North Topeka, which was located by the Hon. Thomas Ewing of Ohio, and which was later occupied by the famous United States military leader, Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, resided Peter Moyer, who had lived in this community since 1878. Prior to that year he had lived in a number of communities, in Ohio, Indiana and Michigan, but after coming to Kansas settled permanently and had never cared to leave the Sunflower State. He had devoted himself to farming throughout his career and the success that had come to him had been a reward for a life of industry and honorable, upright living. Mr. Moyer is a native of the Kingdom of Bavaria, and was born May 22, 1845, his parents being also natives of that country. His father, John Moyer, was a woodworker in the land of his birth and there passed his entire life as a plain, unassuming man, content to follow his trade and rear his family, without desire for public preferment of any kind. He and his wife had five sons and two daughters: Adam, Henry, Margaret, John, Peter, Jacob and Eva, of whom Adam, Henry, John and Peter came to the United States, the first three named settling in Mismi County, Ohio. Peter Moyer was educated in the public schools of Bavaria and there was engaged in varlous oceupations before he formed the idea of coming to America and gathered the means together to carry out his determination. Finally, in 1867, he made the journey and in that year settled in Elkhart...

Biographical Sketch of J. W. McCormich

J. W. McCormich, postmaster, born in Sandusky, Erie Co., Ohio, and March 10, 1847. Enlisted in the United States army in Company K, Third Ohio Cavalry, November 1861, and was discharged in August, 1865. He moved from Ohio to Michigan, and came to Jewell County, Kan., in 1870 and took a homestead, a part of which is now the town of Burr Oak, and he is now the owner of the same, less a few lots, which have been sold. Has held the office of Township Clerk, Trustee and Justice of the Peace. Has held the last named office for nine years past. He was appointed postmaster in June 1871, and named the office Burr Oak, after which the town was named. He was married in December 1874, to Miss Ellen Myers; second marriage to Miss Jessie McCammon in August 1878, and they have had two children – William L., and Charles...

Biographical Sketch of Jay N. Clarke

Clarke, Jay N.; sales agent; born, Sandusky, O., Aug. 19, 1855; son of William H. and Mary Newton Clarke; educated, Sandusky public schools; married, Cleveland, 1876, Pauline Doll; issue, two sons and one daughter, Mrs. H. G. Hock, Harry N. Clarke and Norris J. Clarke; is a practical mechanic, having worked many years as a machinist and toolmaker; was employed as supt. of shops for several years; then took up the sales dept., and has been a salesman for the last five years; have been sales agent in Cleveland for The Bethlehem Steel Co. of South Bethlehem, Pa.; K. of P. Lodge No. 68; Criterion, Cleveland Commercial Travelers’...

Biographical Sketch of Oliver N. Chamberlain

Chamberlain, Oliver N.; architect; born, Portsmouth, O., Oct. 10, 1882; son of Irwin and Mary J. Finy Chamberlain; educated, common schools, Portsmouth, O., and private instructor at Columbus, O.; married, Sandusky, July 22, 1905, Carrie Iona Richards; one child; ten years work at practical construction work; two years in the general contracting business, in Cleveland; six years a practicing architect, in Cleveland, doing a general line of work; member Lakewood Chamber of Commerce. Recreations: Baseball and...

Biographical Sketch of George P. Hart

Hart, George P.; grain and coal dealer; born, Sandusky, O., Hay 30, 1858; son of William and Louise Hess Hart; grammar and high school education, Sandusky; married, Milan, 0., Aug. 11, 1881, Debra M. Wilcox; issue, Bertha L., Ernest G., and Bella; in business since 1881; stock dealer in cattle first, then became grain and coal dealer; came to do business in Cleveland in 1901; 32nd°...

Biographical Sketch of Herman B. Van Tress

Van Tress, Herman B.; dentist; born, Ohio, Oct. 8, 1865; son of Cyrus H. and Jane Donaldson Van Tress; educated, public schools, Wilmington, O.; married, Sandusky, O., Sept. 6, 1894, Eva D. Gordon; issue, two daughters, Bessie and Gladys; received professional training at The Ohio College of Dental Surgery, Department of Dentistry, University of Cincinnati; graduating with degree of D. D. S., March 11, 1891; member Ohio Dental Society, Northern Ohio Dental Society, and Cleveland Dental Society; came to Cleveland in the spring of 1897; went to Los Angeles, Cal., immediately after his marriage, and remained there about two years and a half; member Cleveland Camera Club. Recreations: Amateur Photography, Billiards and...

Biographical Sketch of Oscar Textor

Textor, Oscar; chemist; born, Sandusky, O., March 10, 1860; son of Albert and Anna Rhode Textor; educated, University of Michigan, degree Pharmaceutical Chemist; two years instructor in chemistry; married, Cleveland, June 3, 1886; Minnie A. Dunbar; one son, born Oct. 26, 1888; member American Chemical Society, American Institute Mining...
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