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Native American History of Rockdale County, Georgia

Rockdale County located in northern Georgia and is part of the Atlanta Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA.) It’s name honors the strata of granite that lays under the county. The county seat is Conyers. Rockdale County is bordered on the north by Gwinnett County. On the east is bordered by both Walton and Newton Counties. On the south it is bordered by Henry County and on the west by DeKalb County. Geology and hydrology Rockdale County was located in the Piedmont geological region, which is characterized by underlying rock strata of igneous and metamorphicized igneous rock. The Piedmont’s terrain generally consists of rolling hills and stream valleys with some areas being almost flat plains. There are few permanent wetlands paralleling the streams. The top soils are thin over most hills and steep slopes, while much deeper near streams and in the plains. Extensive swamplands parallel the South and Alcovy Rivers. Most of Rockdale County was immediately south of the old Cotton Line, which marked the northern limit of cotton species grown before the Civil War. Cotton was the most important agricultural product before the Civil War, but there were few large plantations. The landscape varies from being flat to moderately hilly. . Rockdale County is drained by the South, Alcovy, Mulberry and Apalachee Rivers. These are tributaries of the Ocmulgee and Oconee Rivers. These small rivers were deep enough to support the largest of Native American canoes. There are very few shoals in Rockdale County. Therefore, canoe transportation would have been the most efficient means to transport bulk goods. The Apalachee and Little Mulberry Rivers begin in the northeastern...

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