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Micmac Customs And Traditions

My information about the customs and traditions of the Micmac Indians of Nova Scotia has been derived almost entirely from Abram and Newell Glode, the first a man of seventy-three years, the latter somewhat younger and of exceptionally pure blood for a time when none are wholly so. These two Indians have justly achieved a reputation among their tribe for intelligence and knowledge of their native lore. During the many days I have spent with them at Digby and elsewhere I have invariably found them as eager and interested in being questioned as I was in catechizing them. However, in most cases I have confirmed what they told me by information obtained from others, and I have read to them what I have written in order to avoid mistakes. It is a misfortune to these Indians that while all their tribe have been taught to read the characters invented by one of the early priests they have been debarred from learning the much simpler Roman characters by the successors of that priest, who until quite recently forbade Micmac children to attend the public schools. The Micmacs have a system of communicating while in the woods. Sticks are placed in the ground; a cut on one of them indicates that a message in picture-writing on a piece of birch bark is hidden near by under a stone. The direction in which the stick leans from its base upward indicates that in which the party moved, and thus serves as a convenient hint to those who follow to keep off their hunting grounds. The Game of Altestakun A game much in...

Outhouse, John T. – Obituary

Released From Suffering The Death Of John T. Outhouse At La Grande Last Tuesday After many years of constant suffering, John T. Outhouse a well known resident of Union county passed away last Tuesday morning at his home in La Grande. Mr. Outhouse was a native of Nova Scotia, born November 16, 1828. Coming to Oregon in 1850 he located at Portland and was one of the first school teachers in the Willamette valley, In 1879 he came to the Grande Ronde valley following the evocation of teacher in La Grande, Union and other places in the county. In 1880, he was elected superintendent of public schools and filled that office with alacrity. Four years ago he was appointed by President Cleveland as receiver of public monies at the La Grande land office, a position he still held at the time of his death. For many years Mr. Outhouse has been a victim of rheumatic gout at times so severely suffering that his life was despaired of and for several years past he had been compelled to depend entirely upon crutches to move about. In politics Mr. Outhouse was an unflinching democrat tree to his party and its supporters and one of the most astute politicians in the state. The funeral took place at La Grande this morning, Rev. Wm. Powell of the Episcopal church officiating. Te remains are to be brought to Union by today’s east bound train for interment at Union cemetery where his two sons are buried. He leaves a wife to mourn the loss of a kind husband, and scores of friends in all parts...

Biography of Hiram Doncaster

HIRAM DONCASTER. – No one seems to operate so much in the capacity of a creator as the shipbuilder. The products of his brain and hand have a life of their own, are given a name, and have their own personality. Shipbuilding on the Sound is, moreover, an important business; and the masters of this craft are men of distinction. One of these is the man whose name appears at the head of this sketch. He was born in Nova Scotia in 1838, and first came to this coast via Panama in the year 1856, mining in Plumas county two years, and pushing out with the stampede to the Frazer river mines in 1858, fighting Indians more or less the whole distance. After eleven years on the coast, he went back to the East on a visit of three months, and returning began work at his trade, or art, becoming a prolific builder of crafts of all kinds. He worked in San Francisco at the shipyards of Middlemas & Bool, Nova Scotians. At Port Ludlow, Washington Territory, he built the bark Forest Queen. At the mouth of the Umpqua he built the little steamer Swan, which made the first and only and probably last trip to Roseburg, on the violent Umpqua river. In San Francisco again he built the Steamer Enterprise, considered at the time the finest and fastest boat on the coast. On the Sound he built the schooner J.B. Leeds, which is still “alive.” He was soon again in San Francisco, working for his old employers, who recommended him to the firm headed by Mr. W.L. Adams....

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