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Pima Indians

Pima Indians. Signifying “no” in the Nevome dialect and incorrectly applied through misunderstanding by the early missionaries. Also called: Â’-â’tam, own name, signifying “people,” or, to distinguish them from the Papago Â’-â’tam â’kimûlt, “river people.” Nashteíse, Apache name, signifying “live in mud houses.” Paǐnyá, probably name given by Havasupai. Saikiné, Apache name, signifying “living in sand (adobe) houses,” also applied to Papago and Maricopa. Teχ-păs, Maricopa name. Tihokahana, Yavapai name. Widshi ǐti’kapa, Tonto-Yuma name. Pima Connections. The Pima gave their name to the Piman linguistic stock of Powell, which is now recognized to be a subdivision of the great Uto-Aztecan stock, also including the Nahuatlan and Shoshonean families. The tribes connected most intimately with the Pima were the Papago (see above) and the Quahatika (q. v.), and after them the so-called Pima Bajo or Nevome of Mexico. Pima Location. In the valleys of the Gila and Salt Rivers. Pima Subdivisions. Formerly the name Pima was applied to two tribes called respectively the Pima Bajo and Pima Alto, but the former, living chiefly in Sonora, Mexico, are now known as Nevome, the term Pima being restricted to the Pima Alto. Pima Villages Agua Escondida, probably Pima or Papago, southwest of Tubac, southwestern Arizona. Agua Fria, probably Pima, on Gila River Reservation. Aquitun, 5 miles west of Picacho, on the border of the sink of the Santa Cruz River. Aranca, two villages, location unknown. Arenal, probably Pima, on the Pima and Maricopa Reservation, Gila River. Arivaca, west of Tubao. Arroyo Grande, southern Arizona. Bacuancos, 7 leagues south of the mission of Guevavi, northwestern Sonora, Mexico. Bisani, 8 leagues southwest of Caborica,...

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