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Vestiges of an Ancient Fort or Place of Defense in Lenox, Madison County

Some years have elapsed since I visited this work,1 and the plough and spade may have further obliterated the lines, then more or less fully apparent. But in the meantime no notice of it has been published. The following outlines denote its extent and character. A. indicates the lines of a picketed work. B. is an extensive plain, covered with wild grass and some shrubbery, which had once been in cultivation. The northern edge of this plain is traversed by a stream, which has worn its bed down in the unconsolidated strata, so as to create quite a deep gorge, C. This stream is joined from the west, by a small run, having its origin in a spring, D. Its channel, at the point of junction, is as deep below the level of the plain as the other.2 The point of junction itself forms a natural horn-work, which covered access to the water. The angle of the plain, thus marked, constituted the point defended. The excavations E. may have once been square. They are now indentations, disclosing carbonaceous matter, as if from the decay of wood. No wood, or coal, however, existed. Their use in this position is not apparent, connected with the designated lines of palisades, unless it be supposed that they were of an older period than the latter, and designate pits, such as the aborigines used in defense. This idea is favored by the ground being a little raised at this point, and so formed that it would have admitted the ancient circular Indian palisade. If such were the case, however, it seems evident that the...

Biographical Sketch of Albert H. Horton, Judge

Judge Albert H. Horton was identified with the State of Kansas for a period of more than fifty years in the most important phases of its civil and judicial development. His great influence extended from the year of its birth in 1861 to the time of his own death in 1902. For nearly twenty years of that period he served as chief justice of its Supreme Court. Judge Horton was born near Brookfield, New York, March 12, 1837, his ancestors being of an anceient English family, the first American representatives of which settled in New England. Albert received his preparatory education in New York and in 1855 entered the law departmont of the University of Michigan, but during his sophomore year was compelled to leave college because of an affection of his eyes. He was admitted to the bar at Brooklyn, New York, in 1860, and the same year moved to Atchison, Kansas, where he was soon appointed city attorney-In April, 1861, he was elected to that office on the republican ticket, and in September Governor Robinson appointed him judge of the Second Judicial District. Later he was elected to the position twice without opposition, but resigned to resume his law practlce. From 1861 to 1864 he was a member of the editorial staff of the Atchison Weekly Champion. In 1868 he was a republican presidential elector and in May, 1869, President Grant appointed him United States district attorney for Kansas. He was elected to the lower house of the State Legislature in 1872, and state senator in 1876, but resigned January 1, 1877, to accept the appointment of...

Tuscarora Indians

Tuscarora Tribe, Tuscarora Confederacy: From their own name Skǎ-ru’-rěn, signifying according to Hewitt (in Hodge, 1910), “hemp gatherers,” and applied on account of the great use they made of Apocynum cannabinum. Also called: Ă-ko-t’ǎs’-kǎ-to’-rěn Mohawk name. Ani’-Skǎlǎ’lǐ, Cherokee name. Ă-t’ǎs-kǎ-lo’-lěn, Oneida name. Tewohomomy (or Keew-ahomomy), Saponi name. Tuscarora Connections. The Tuscarora belonged to the Iroquoian linguistic family. Tuscarora Location. On the Roanoke, Tar, Pamlico, and Neuse Rivers. (See also Pennsylvania and New York.) Tuscarora Subdivisions. The Tuscarora should be considered a confederacy with three tribes or a tribe with three subtribes as follows: Kǎ’tě’nu’ā’kā’, “People of the submerged pine tree”; Akawǎntca’kā’, meaning doubtful; and Skarū’rěn, “hemp gatherers,” i. e., the Tuscarora proper. Tuscarora Villages The following were in North Carolina, a more precise location not being possible except in the cases specified: Annaooka. Chunaneets. Cohunche. Conauhcare. Contahnah, near the mouth of Neuse River. Cotechney, on the opposite side of Neuse River from Fort Barnwell, about the mouth of Contentnea Creek. Coram. Corutra. Harooka. Harutawaqui. Kenta. Kentanuska. Naurheghne. Neoheroka, in Greene County. Nonawharitse. Nursoorooka. Oonossoora. Tasqui, a day’s journey from Cotechney on the way to Nottaway village. Tonarooka, on a branch of Neuse River between “Fort Narhantes” and Cotechney. Torhunte, on a northern affluent of Neuse River. Tosneoc. Ucouhnerunt, on Pamlico River, probably in the vicinity of Greenville, in Pitt County. Unanauhan. Later settlements in New York were these: Canasaraga, on Canaseraga Creek on the site of the present Sullivan. Ganatisgowa Ingaren. Junastriyo. Jutaneaga. Kanhats. Kaunehsuntahkeh. Nyuchirhaan, near Lewiston, Niagara County. Ohagi, on the west side of Genesee River a short distance below Cuylersviile, Livingston County. Oquaga, on the east...

Biography of Fred C. Hall, M. D.

Fred C. Hall, M. D. Of the men devoted to the science of healing in Republic County few bring to bear upon their calling larger gifts of scholarship and resource than Dr. Fred C. Hall, of Cuba. Far from selecting his life work in the untried enthusiasm of extreme youth, the choice of this genial practitioner was that of a mature mind, trained to thoughtfulness by years of practical experience as an agriculturist and to a full realization of the possibilities and responsibilities which confronted him. Doctor Hall was born in Madison County, New York, in 1856, and is a son of Fred and Hannah (Hatch) Hall, natives, respectively, of New York and Massachusetts. He belongs to a family of Swedish origin, which dates its connections back to William the Conqueror, and whose members, belonging to the Quaker faith, have been noted for their activities in the professions, particularly as preachers and physicians. His paternal grandfather was William Hall, who was born at Portsmouth, Rhode Island, March 29, 1767, and who, by two marriages, became the father of twenty-two children. The oldest daughter of William Hall became the wife of Rev. Brinton Darlington, who was sont as one of the first agents to the Indiana Territory and who was a noted preacher and educator of his day. Fred Hall, father of the doctor, had thres sons: Ed, who is engaged in business as a contractor; Fred C., of this review; and Tom, who is a surveyor by vocation. Fred C. Hall received his early education in the graded and high schools of Madison County, New York, and was reared...

Biographical Sketch of George W. Reede

George W. Reede was born in Madison County, N. Y., and January 28, 1857. Received an academic education and graduated at the Albany (N. Y.) law school. Practiced his profession for a short time in his native State, removing to Salem, Kansas, in 1880, and in 1882 joined Mr. Moore in the publication of the...

Biographical Sketch of Lewis Hall

Hall, Lewis; life insurance; born, Ox Bow, N. Y., Nov. 19, 1S57; son of Caleb G. and Catherine J. Lewis Hall; educated, Cazenovia, N. Y., Evanston, Ill.; married, Theresa, N. Y., March 31, 1896, Henrietta C. Simonds; twenty years representative The Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Co., Newark, N. J., at present with The Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Co., Hartford Conn.; director T. H. Geer & Co.; member of Wade Park Lodge, No. 800, I. O. O....

Biographical Sketch of Warren Bicknell

Bicknell, Warren; pres. Cleveland Construction Co.; born, Morrisville, N. Y., Feb. 19, 1868; son of Charles T. and Susan Payne Bicknell, educated, public schools of Morrisville, N. Y., and Massillon, O.; graduated from Adelbert College in 1890; married, St. Paul, Minn., February, 1900; issue, Frances Louise born, November, 1900, Warren, Jr., born, 1902, and Elizabeth, – born, – February, 1904; business career, for a time studied law in. the office of Boynton, Hale & Herr; a year and half sec’y Cleveland Athletic Club; one year in the coal business in New Castle, Pa.; sold. interests there and became auditor of The Cincinnati and Miami Valley Traction Co., and gen. mgr. of the Dayton Traction Co.; the two companies consolidated and he became sec’y and auditor of the company known as The Southern Ohio Traction Co., located at Middletown, O.; after two years resigned to accept the position of gen. mgr. of The Aurora, Elgin & Chicago Traction Co., with headquarters in Chicago; resigned after two years, and came to Cleveland; pres. from 1903 to 1906, of The Lake Shore Electric R. R. Co.; resigned in 1906 to become pres. of The Cleveland Construction Co., one of the largest companies of its kind in the state engaged in building electric and steam railroads, erecting light and water plants and constructing telephone lines through various parts of the country; pres. Springfield & Xenia R. R. Co., Citizens Railway & Light Co. of Fort Worth, Texas, Havana Electric Railroad of Cuba; chairman of the board of directors of the Toledo Railroad & Light Co., and receiver of the Municipal Traction Co. of...

Biographical Sketch of Fred. W. Goakes

Goakes, Fred. W.; real estate; born, Oneida, N. Y., 1868; came to Cleveland when 9 years old; educated in the public schools, and business college course; entered the real estate business and followed it, having good success; has put through some of the big real estate deals of the city;...

Biography of Ezra Brainerd, Jr.

Ezra Brainerd, Jr., has been an active representative of the legal fraternity of Muskogee for the past seventeen years, enjoying an extensive clientage that has connected him with much important litigation tried in the courts of the district. He was born in Middlebury, Vermont, on the 26th of August, 1878, a son of Ezra and Frances (Rockwell) Brainerd, the former at one time president of Middlebury College. Excellent educational advantages were accorded him, for his public school training was supplemented by a course of study in Worcester Academy of Worcester, Massachusetts, and in Colgate Academy of Hamilton, New York. His professional training was received as a law student in the University of Michigan, from which he was graduated as a member of the class of 1904. That year witnessed his arrival in Muskogee, Indian Territory, and here he entered into a law partnership with W. H. H. Clayton, Jr., son of Judge W. H. H. Clayton. Since severing that connection, however, he has engaged in general practice, first with William H. Davis, now of Spokane, Washington, and later with Charles P. Gotwals. He is faithful to his clients, fair to his adversaries and candid to the court. For a period of twelve years, beginning in 1907, he acted as referee in bankruptcy. His professional connections are with the Muskogee Bar Association, the Oklahoma State Bar Association and the American Bar Association. In commercial circles, too, he has become an active factor as president of the Muskogee Crystal Ice Company and the City Ice & Cold Storage Company, these two enterprises having been developed to large proportions under his able...

Biography of John Spencer Kenyon

John Spencer Kenyon is a member of the furniture firm of Hardcastle & Kenyon at Emporia. Established nearly thirty-five years ago, this is one of the oldest furniture houses in Kansas, and so far as known only one firm had been in business for a longer time and that is the Thompson Brothers at Topeka. Mr. Kenyon’s had been a most creditable business record. His name had been familiar to the people of Emporia and that section of Kansas for more than a generation, and always suggests the best qualities of commercial enterprise. His public spirit had also been a factor in the city’s improvement and growth. He was born in Central New York, Madison County, August 2, 1842, a son of John and Samantha (Corbin) Kenyon. His parents were also born in Madison County, both in the year 1806, and the mother died there in 1859 and the father in 1882. John Kenyon was a farmer, and after the organization of that party followed the principles of the republicans. John S. Kenyon is the only survivor of a family of six children, among whom he was the third in order of birth. His brother Albert was a teacher and died in Madison, and the second son, Enos, was a dry goods salesman and died in Madison County. The younger brother, William, died in boyhood, and the only sisters, Mary Ann and Francelia, both died in childhood. Educated in the public schools of Madison County and at the seminary at Cazenovia, New York, John S. Kenyon spent the greater part of the first forty years of his life as...
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