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The Spaniards in Alabama and Mississippi

England, having lost her West Florida provinces by the victories of Galvez, and having the American Whigs, as well as the natives of France, Spain and Holland, arrayed against her, was finally forced to retire from the unequal contest. A preliminary treaty of peace was signed at Paris. England there acknowledged our independence, and admitted our southern boundary to be as follows: A line beginning at the Mississippi, at 31° north of the equator, and extending due east to the Chattahoochie River; down that river to the mouth of the Flint, and thence to the St. Mary’s, and along that river to the sea. Great Britain also expressly stipulated, in that treaty, our right to the navigation of the Mississippi River, from its mouth to its source. Jan. 20 1783: Great Britain and Spain entered into a treaty. The former warranted and confirmed to the latter the province of West Florida, and ceded to her East Florida.1 But although England, by the treaty of 1782, assigned to the United States all the territory between the Mississippi and the Chattahoochie, lying between the parallels of latitude 31° and 32° 28′, embracing the same portion of the territory of Alabama and Mississippi, which lay in the British province of West Florida, yet it was not surrendered to us by Spain for years afterwards. Spain occupied it, contending that Great Britain, in the treaty with her, in 1783, warranted the province of West Florida to her, not defining its northern limits, and that England had no right to restrict her limits, even if she had attempted it, for Spain had, before the...

Early Incidents in the Mississippi Territory

Napoleon Bonaparte had turned his eagle eye to the rich province of Louisiana, and it was ceded by Spain to France. He contemplated its occupation, with a large army, and probably entertained designs of conquest against portions of the United States; but, becoming deeply involved in wars with the whole of Europe, he reluctantly relinquished these intentions, and ceded Louisiana to the United States for sixty millions of francs. Governor Claiborne, with a large number of emigrants, who had already flocked to Natchez from all parts of the Union for the purpose of occupying Louisiana, sailed down the Mississippi, with Wilkinson and his forces, and took formal possession of the city of New Orleans, in behalf of the United States. He had been appointed the Governor of the Louisiana Territory. He left the people of the Mississippi Territory duly impressed with a deep sense of obligation for his valuable public services. Cato West, the Territorial Secretary, discharged the executive duties until his successor arrived. The distance of Natchez from the Tombigby was so great that Congress authorized the President to appoint an additional Superior Court Judge for the benefit of the people settled upon that river. The Hon. Harry Toulmin was selected. He was born at Taunton, in England, the 7th April 1766, and descended from a learned and respectable family. He became a pastor of the Unitarian church, at Chowbert, in Lancashire, in 1788, where he occupied a prominent position, officiating before a congregation of a thousand hearers. Becoming an object of suspicion to the government, it determined to silence not only his efforts, but those of every...

Madison County Alabama Marriage Records

  Hosted at Ancestry.com Alabama Marriages, 1809-1920 $ This database is a collection of marriage records from the state between 1809 and 1920. Researchers will find the names of both bride and groom along with the marriage date. Madison, 1809-1843; 1853-1882 Alabama Marriages, 1807-1902 $ Alabama marriage information taken from county courthouse records. Many of these records were extracted from copies of the original records in microfilm, microfiche, or book format, located at the Family History Library Madison, 1818-1820 Hosted at Madison County, USGenWeb Archives Project Marriages To 1825, Madison, Alabama Hale Marriages Of Madison County, 1870 – 1925 Tribble Marriages Listed In The Madison County General Index To Marriage Of Byrd Hamlet And Elizabeth Vanhook – Madison Co., Al Marriage Of Charles L. (Unreadable) And Elizabeth Higgenbottom – Madison Co., Al Marriage Of John F. Arnold And Miss Willie Hamlet – Madison Co., Al Marriage Of Joseph Mahan And Ann E. A. Oliver – Madison Co., Al Clara Miller Jones – Augustus Miller Mcdowell June 27 1907 Hosted at Madison County Records Center Madison County Marriage Records A database of marriage records on file at the Madison County Records Center. Includes a search by groom or bride and provides the name of groom, bride, volume and page number, and license...

Madison County Alabama Cemetery Database

This database contains 45,000+ internments recorded in Madison County, Alabama from the 1800’s to present day. It encompasses 268 cemeteries throughout Madison County and is an exhaustive recording of every known gravestone in the county at the time it was taken.

Biography of Pines R. Dunn

Pines R. Dunn was born in Huntsville, Alabama, October 20, 1836. His. parents left that State in 1838, and went to Indiana, where they lived until December, 1841. In this latter year they came to Missouri and settled at Versailles, in Morgan county, where he lived with them until he reached his sixteenth year. He received his education by attending the common schools at Versailles, and at Osceola, one year after he left home. When seventeen years of age, in 1853, he began to clerk in the store of Aaron Trippet, of Osceola, and was in his employ until 1860, when he became associated with his employer as a partner in the mercantile business, under the firm name of Trippet & Dunn. In 1861 Jim Lane made a raid on the town of Osceola, and they, with other business men, were burned out and their business destroyed. After his loss at Osceola he returned to Versailles, where he remained until July, 1863, then came to Daviess county. In 1864 he engaged in general merchandising and dealing in grain at Gallatin, with E. Mann, under the firm name of Mann & Dunn. In 1869 they dissolved partnership and he engaged in buying and shipping grain, continuing that business until 1873, when he went to Jamesport, in the same county, and was associated with William A. Wynn in the mercantile business, as Dunn & Wynn. In 1875 he retired from the firm to act as deputy county clerk under John P. Smith, and served as such until 1876, in which year he again engaged in the grain business, and followed it....

Slave Narrative of Clara C. Young

Person Interviewed: Clara C. Young Location: Mississippi Age: 95 Place of Residence: Monroe County, Mississippi Clara C. Young, ex-slave, Monroe County, is approximately 95 years old, about five feet two inches tall, and weighs 105 pounds. She is a frail, dark skinned Negro, with the typical broad nose and the large mouth of the southern Negro. Her physical condition is especially good for a woman of her age. She is very talkative at times, but her memory appears to come and go, so that she has to be prompted at intervals in her story-telling by her daughter or granddaughter, with whom she lives. Familiarly known as “Aunt Classie,” she is very proud of her age and more especially of her long line of descendants. “Law, Miss, I doan know when I was born, but I do know dat I’se sebenteen years old when I was fust sol’. Dey put me an’ my brudder up on de auction block at de same time. He brung $1400 but I dis’members zactly what dey paid far me. Wa’nt dat much, tho’, fer big strong mans brung mo’ dan wimmens an’ gals.” Long pauses accentuated the quavery voice of the old Negro, whose head resembled a nappy patch of cotton, and who was so enthusiastic over reminiscing about the days when she was young and carefree. “I was born in Huntsville, Alabamy, an’ my mammy an’ pappy was name Silby an’ Sharper Conley. Dey tuk de las’ name frum de old marster dat owned ’em. I lived dar wid ’em ’til de chullun drew dey parts an’ us was ‘vided out. While I...

Biography of Charles Pope O’Fallon

Charles Pope O’Fallon, a representative in the third generation of the O’Fallon family in St. Louis, giving his attention to the management of estates, and invested interests, was born in Madison county, Alabama, August 3, 1868, and is a son of John Julius O’Fallon, mentioned elsewhere in this work. His ancestral line is one of which he has every reason to be proud and is given in detail in the sketch of his father. Dr. James O’Fallon served as a surgeon in the American army in the Revolutionary war and the great-granduncles of Charles P. O’Fallon included General William Clark, Governor William Clark and George Rogers Clark, while one of his great-uncles was Dr. Charles A. Pope, a celebrated surgeon. Charles P. O’Fallon, after attending the public schools of St. Louis, continued his education under a private tutor and afterward had as his preceptor President George B. Stone, of Washington University. He entered Princeton, becoming a member in the class of 1890. Impaired eyesight, however, obliged him to discontinue his studies and later he obtained a clerkship in the Merchants National Bank. His business training in that connection has proven of great value to him since he took over the management of estates. It was in 1891 that he joined his father in this business and through this connection he has become financially interested in various enterprises of St. Louis. He is a man of marked enterprise and keen business sagacity, who readily discriminates between the essential and the non-essential in all business affairs. On the 24th of February, 1910, Mr. O’Fallon was united in marriage to Mrs. Mary...

Biographical Sketch of Benjamin M. Edens

Benjamin M. Edens, one of Moore County’s pioneer citizens, was born in Madison County, Alabama, July 13, 1822, and is one of five surviving members of a family of nine children born to Samuel and Nancy (Franks) Edens. The father was a native of South Carolina, and came to Limestone County, Alabama, where he married the mother of our subject. They came to Lynchburg, this county, in 1825, located, and engaged in farming. The father’s death occurred about 1866, and the mother followed him about 1870. Our subject remained with his parents until his majority, after which he began farming for himself. September 1849, he led to the hymeneal altar Pauline Blythe, a native of Moore County. This union resulted in the birth of nine children, seven of whom are living. Immediately after marriage they settled on the farm where they now reside. At that time it was an unbroken wilderness, but by hard labor and perseverance, and after enduring many privations customary with the pioneer settlers, he now owns a fine tract of over 200 acres of mostly cultivated land. Mr. Edens cast his first vote in 1844, and has always voted for the nominees of the Democratic Party. He and family are members of the Methodist Episcopal...

Biographical Sketch of Mr. F. H. Griffin

Mr. F. H. Griffin, a farmer of the Fourth District of Lake County, is the son of John T. and Miriam (Bailey) Griffin. The father was born in North Carolina October 12, 1803 and his mother in Madison County, Alabama in 1805. They were married in Madison County Alabama in January 1826, and had eight children, only two of them living to be grown: our subject and Martha J., who was born January 11, 1829, and married Mr. J. S. Williams, of Lake County, Tennessee, where she died in 1867. Mr. and Mrs. Griffin were devout members of the Christian Church. Mrs. Griffin died in May 1841, and Mr. Griffin was married twice afterward, and he died in April, 1850. In politics he was a Whig. Mr. F. H. Griffin is of Welsh Irish descent, and was born in Madison County, Alabama, January 29, 1827; was raised on the farm, and received what was then considered a good education. January 25, 1855, he married Miss Susan C. Hopper, who was born in Williamson County, Tennessee, December 16, 1837. Three sons and four daughters were born to this union, three of them living. Mrs. Griffin was a member of the Methodist Church, and died, February 17, 1866, as she had lived, a Christian. July 13, 1870, Mr. Griffin married Miss L. J. Babb, who was born in Obion County, Tennessee, October 3, 1844. They have five children. Mr. and Mrs. Griffin are Methodists. He is a democrat and a Mason, being a Knight Templar, and has been a citizen of Lake County ever since its organization, being at the time...

Biography of R. D. C. Griffin

R. D. C. GRIFFIN. The name of Griffin is well known throughout Searcy County, for it has been connected with the business interests of this section for a long term of years, and is the synonym of honesty, industry and business integrity. Mr. Griffin was born in Huntsville, Ala., August 31, 1828, a son of Jesse and Sarah W. (Brooks ) Griffin, who removed first from Alabama to Tennessee, and in 1846 to Searcy County, Arkansas, where they entered a tract of land on which the father lived until his death, which occurred in 1886. Throughout the active years of his life, or from early manhood, he was a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, was a member of the old Arkansas Conference and preached at many different points throughout the State. It may with truth be said of him that he was the father of the Methodist Church in this county. Mrs. Griffin was born in the Old North State and died in January, 1891, having become the mother of tlle following children: Minerva (Mrs. Chandler); R. D. C.; J. L., who is living in this county; Lucinda, who is the Widow Hollobaugh; Wade, who was killed in the explosion of a mill, and John W., who is a Methodist preacher of Boone County, Arkansas R. D. C. Griffin was a young man when the family came to this county, and from here he enlisted in the Mexican War, afterward becoming a member of the Confederate Army during the Civil War, Company F. McKay’s brigade. He began life for himself as a farmer of this county and...
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