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Native American History of Jones County, Georgia

Jones County is located in central Georgia and is part of the Macon, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA.) It is named after U. S. Rep. James Jones of Georgia (c. 1769-1801.) Its county seat is Gray. Congressman Jones was born in Maryland, but moved to Georgia with his uncle. He was a member of the Georgia General Assembly from 1796 to1798. In 1798 he was elected as a Federalist to the Sixth U. S. Congress. He served from March 4, 1799 to January 11, 1801. He died in office on January 11, 1801, in Washington, D.C and is buried in the Congressional Cemetery. Jones County is bounded on the north by Jasper County and northeast by Putnam County. Baldwin County forms part of its eastern boundary while Monroe County forms its western boundary. Both Wilkinson and Twiggs Counties are located to its southeast. Bibb County forms its southern boundary. Geology and hydrology Jones County is located in both the Piedmont and Coastal Plain geological regions. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture about 80% of the county is within the Piedmont. On rivers the transition from igneous-metamorphic to sedimentary rocks is marked by drops in elevation, along with accompanying shoals and waterfalls. The transition zone is known in Georgia as the Fall Line. The Lower Piedmont is characterized by underlying rock strata of igneous and metamorphicized igneous rock. The terrain consists of rolling hills and, stream valleys. Seasonal or permanent wetlands parallel many of its streams. These are relatively narrow bands of soggy terrain that provide ecological diversity for animal and plant life. The top soils are thin over...

Slave Narrative of Rebecca Hooks

Interviewer: Pearl Randolph Person Interviewed: Rebecca Hooks Location: Lake City, Florida Age: 90 Rebecca Hooks, age 90 years, is one of the few among the fast-thinning ranks of ex-slaves who can give a clear picture of life “befo’ de wah.” She was born in Jones County, Georgia of Martha and Pleasant Lowe, who were slaves of William Lowe. The mother was the mulatto offspring of William Lowe and a slave woman who was half Cherokee. The father was also a mulatto, purchased from a nearby plantation. Because of this blood mixture Rebecca’s parents were known as “house niggers,” and lived on quarters located in the rear of the “big house.” A “house nigger” was a servant whose duties consisted of chores around the big house, such as butler, maid, cook, stableman, gardener and personal attendant to the man who owned him. These slaves were often held in high esteem by their masters and of course fared much better than the other slaves on the plantation. Quite often they were mulattoes as in the case of Rebecca’s parents. There seemed to be a general belief among slave owners that mulattoes could not stand as much laborious work as pureblooded Negro slaves. This accounts probably for the fact that the majority of ex-slaves now alive are mulattoes. The Lowes were originally of Virginia and did not own as much property in Georgia has they had in Virginia. Rebecca estimates the number of slaves on this plantation as numbering no more than 25. They were treated kindly and cruelly by turns, according to the whims of master and mistress who were none...

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