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Biographical Sketch of George Catlin

George Catlin, born in Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, 1796; died in Jersey City, New Jersey, December 23, 1872. In the year 1832 he went to the then far west, and during the succeeding eight years traveled among numerous native tribes, making many paintings portraying the life and customs of the people. He went to Europe, taking with him his great collection of pictures and objects obtained from the Indians among whom he had been for so long a time. One hundred and twenty-six of his pictures were shown at the Centennial Exposition, Philadelphia, 1876, and now more than 500 of his works, portraits and scenes are preserved in the National Museum, forming a collection of inestimable value and...

Biographical Sketch of Herbert C. Moatz

Moatz, Herbert C.; manufacturer; born, Jersey City, N. J., Jan. 18, 1880; son of Lewis and Lorinda Kent Moatz; educated, Adelbert College, Western Reserve University, B. A.; married, Cleveland, Sept. 2, 1908, Elizabeth R. Ford; one son, Herbert C. Jr.; mgr. of the Wade Park office of the Cleveland Trust Co.; 1904-1908; treas. of the Deckman-Duty Brick Co. since 1908; member Alumnus of Delta Upsilon Fraternity; member Athletic, East End Tennis, the Plymouth Fishing, and the Delta Upsilon Alumni Clubs. Recreations: Tennis and Bass...

Biography of Jacob Polhemus

Jacob Polhemus, deceased, was one of the pioneers of Colton, who located in that thriving city when the only buildings in the place were a saloon and eating-house, and the Pioneer Lumber Yard office. This was in 1875. He was a carpenter and builder by occupation, and was employed in the erection of the pioneer buildings of Colton. He built the first store opened in the town for Hathaway & Davenport, and many other well-known old-time buildings. In 1877 Mr. Polhemus purchased lots on the corner of Eighth and I streets and built his residence and shop upon them. This location, as the city enlarged, became valuable as a business center, and in 1886 he erected the well-known Polhemus block, a fine two-story edifice devoted to business and office purposes. This block was the first brick business block erected in the city. He was one of the leaders in building up the city, and a liberal and strong supporter of Colton enterprises. He was one of the stockholders and original incorporators of the Colton Building and Loan Association that has done so much to encourage improvement in the city. In his enterprise in Colton he was successful, and secured a modest but well deserved competency. His business was always characterized by a manly and straightforward dealing that secured him hosts of friends and gained him the respect of the community. He was a man of sound business principles and keen foresight, and early saw the fortune that awaited Colton, and was prompt to invest his capital and energy in the city. The subject of this sketch was born in...

Biographical Sketch of Samuel W. Garretson

Samuel W. Garretson, mechanical engineer and superintendent of gas and electric-light works for the Pacific Lighting Company of California, was born in Jersey City, New Jersey, in 1844. He served his apprenticeship to the machinist trade during the years 1861 to 1864. Like many patriotic young men who lived during the dark days of the Rebellion he shouldered his musket and volunteered his services to our Government, and served in the Twenty-first Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, in the Army of the Potomac. After completing his trade he went to sea and spent about ten years on the ocean as an engineer of steamships. He was attached to one of the pioneer steamships of the Pacific mail company’s service, which enter the ports of Japan, after the government of that country had opened its harbors to the commerce of the outside world. He spent six and a half years as engineer on steamers which were plying between the numerous ports of Japan and China. He returned to the United States in 1873 and closed his sea-faring career. He was constructing engineer of several gas works in different cities in the East, and in October 1880, came to the Pacific coast, which has been his home and field of activity ever since. He built the following gas works: for the Palace Hotel, the Baldwin Hotel, the works of the Pacific Gas Improvement Company, all in San Francisco; the gas works at Benicia, San Diego and San Bernardino, in California; the Gas Works at East Portland, Oregon, and Tucson,...

Early Settlement of the Hudson River

In 1610 a Dutch ship visited Manhattan to trade with the Indians and was soon followed by others on like enterprise. In 1613 Adrian Block came with a few comrades and remained the winter. In 1614 the merchants of North Holland organized a company and obtained from the States General a charter to trade in the New Netherlands, and soon after a colony built a few houses and a fort near the Battery. The entire island was purchased from the Indians in 1624 for the sum of sixty guilders or about twenty-four dollars. A fort was built at Albany in 1623 and known as Fort Aurania or Fort Orange. From Wassenaer’s “Historie van Europa,” 1621-1632, as translated in the 3d volume of the Documentary History of New York, a castle—Fort Nassau—was built in 1624, on an island on the north side of the River Montagne, now called Mauritius. “But as the natives there were somewhat discontented, and not easily managed, the projectors abandoned it, intending now to plant a colony among the Maikans (Mahicans), a nation lying twenty-five miles (American measure seventy-five miles) on both sides of the river, upwards.” In another document we learn that “The West India Company being chartered, a vessel of 130 lasts, called the ‘New Netherland’ (whereof Cornelius Jacobs, of Hoorn, was skipper), with thirty families, mostly Walloons, was equipped in the spring of 1623.” West India Company In the beginning of May they entered the Hudson, found a “Frenchman” lying in the mouth of the river, who would erect the arms of the King of France there, but the Hollanders would not permit...

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