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The Spaniards in Alabama and Mississippi

England, having lost her West Florida provinces by the victories of Galvez, and having the American Whigs, as well as the natives of France, Spain and Holland, arrayed against her, was finally forced to retire from the unequal contest. A preliminary treaty of peace was signed at Paris. England there acknowledged our independence, and admitted our southern boundary to be as follows: A line beginning at the Mississippi, at 31° north of the equator, and extending due east to the Chattahoochie River; down that river to the mouth of the Flint, and thence to the St. Mary’s, and along that river to the sea. Great Britain also expressly stipulated, in that treaty, our right to the navigation of the Mississippi River, from its mouth to its source. Jan. 20 1783: Great Britain and Spain entered into a treaty. The former warranted and confirmed to the latter the province of West Florida, and ceded to her East Florida.1 But although England, by the treaty of 1782, assigned to the United States all the territory between the Mississippi and the Chattahoochie, lying between the parallels of latitude 31° and 32° 28′, embracing the same portion of the territory of Alabama and Mississippi, which lay in the British province of West Florida, yet it was not surrendered to us by Spain for years afterwards. Spain occupied it, contending that Great Britain, in the treaty with her, in 1783, warranted the province of West Florida to her, not defining its northern limits, and that England had no right to restrict her limits, even if she had attempted it, for Spain had, before the...

Native American History of Houston County, Alabama

Houston County is located in the southeast corner of Alabama, immediately west of the Chattahoochee River and the State of Georgia. The southern boundary of the county is the Florida state line. It is named after a governor of Alabama, William Smith Houston. The county seat is Dothan. To the north is Henry County, AL.   On the east boundary is Early County, GA and to the Southeast is Seminole County, GA. Jackson County, FL adjoins Houston County, AL to the south. To the northwest is Dale County, AL and to the west is Geneva County, AL. Geology and Hydrology The entire county is in Alabama’s Gulf Coastal Plain. The county’s terrain is characterized by low rolling clay hills and sandy loam along river or creek bottomlands. This region is underlain by relatively young sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Part of Houston County drains eastward into the Chattahoochee and Apalachicola Rivers. The Apalachicola begins at the confluence of the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, east of Houston County. The Little Choctawhatchee River cuts across the extreme northwestern tip of the county. Most of the southern half of the county drains southward into Florida. Cedar and Bryan’s Creeks flow eastward into the Chattahoochee River. Omussee Creek flows northward into Henry County and then into the Chattahoochee. Cowartz, Buck and Big Creeks flow southward into Florida.   During Native American occupation, the Chattahoochee would have been navigable by the largest of indigenous trade canoes or Chontal Maya sea-going craft. Native American Occupation In 1832 the Treaty of Cusseta transferred the remaining lands of the Creek Confederacy to the United States.  This territory included what is...

Houston County, Alabama Census Records

  1860 Houston County, Alabama Census Free 1860 Census Form for your Research Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial  1860 Houston County, Census (images and index) $ 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems $ Hosted at Census Guide 1860 U.S. Census Guide 1870 Houston County, Alabama Census Free 1870 Census Form for your Research Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial  1870 Houston County, Census (images and index) $ 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems $ Hosted at Census Guide 1870 U.S. Census Guide 1880 Houston County, Alabama Census Free 1880 Census Form for your Research Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial  1880 Houston County, Census (images and index) 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems $ Hosted at Census Guide 1880 U.S. Census Guide 1890 Houston County, Alabama Census Free 1890 Census Form for your Research Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial  1890 Veterans Schedule $ 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems $ Hosted at Census Guide 1890 U.S. Census Guide 1900 Houston County, Alabama Census Free 1900 Census Form for your Research Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial  1900 Houston County, Census (images and index) $ Hosted at Census Guide 1900 U.S. Census Guide 1910 Houston County, Alabama Census Free 1910 Census Form for your Research Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial  1910 Houston County, Census (images and index) $ Hosted at Census Guide 1910 U.S. Census Guide 1920 Houston County, Alabama Census Free 1920 Census Form for your Research Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial  1920 Houston County, Census (images and index) $ Hosted at Census Guide 1920 U.S. Census Guide 1930 Houston County, Alabama Census Free 1930 Census...

Houston County, Alabama Cemetery Records

Most of these cemetery listings are complete indices at the time of transcription, however, in some cases we list the listing when it is only a partial listing. Hosted at Houston County, USGenWeb Archives Project Antioch Assembly Of God Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Ardilla Cemetery, Houston Co Al Ashford City Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Barfield Family Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Big Creek Methodist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Cedar Springs Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Cowarts Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Eastside Freewill Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Enon Church Of Christ Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Enterprise Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Gates Of Heaven Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Gordon City Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Harpers Joy Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Hickory Grove Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Hodgesville Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Jellico Community Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Kinsey Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Lassiter Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Liberty Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Little Vine Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Love Hill Assembly Of God Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Madrid Cemetery, Houston County, Alabama Meadows Family Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Mt. Enon Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Mt. Gilead Cemetery, Geneva And Houston, Alabama Mount Zion United Methodist Church, Houston, Alabama New Hope Primitive Baptist Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Pansey Church Of Christ Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Pilgrim Rest Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Piney Grove Assembly Of God Church – Houston Co., Al Rehobeth Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Union Springs Free Will Baptist Church Cemetery, Houston, Alabama Hosted at Lisa’s Cemetery Site Jellico Community Cemetery Hosted at Henry County ALGenWeb Ashford City Cemetery Beulah Baptist Church Cemetery Bluff Springs Baptist Church Cemetery Dothan City Cemetery Hardy Family Cemetery Madrid...

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