Discover your family's story.

Enter a grandparent's name to get started.

Start Now

Hoopa Valley Reservation

Report of Special Agent I. P. Fell on the Indians of Hoopa Valley reservation, Mission-Tule Consolidated agency, Humboldt County, California, December 1890, and January 1891. Names of Indian tribes or parts of tribes occupying said reservation:1 Hunsatung, Hupâ, Klamath River, Miskut, Redwood, Saiaz, Sermalton, and Tishtanatan. The unallotted area of this reservation is 89,572 acres, or 140 square miles. The outboundaries have been surveyed: It was established, altered, or changed by act of Congress approved April 8, 1864 (13 U. S. Stats., p. 39); executive order, Juno 23, 1876. Indian population June 1, 1890: 468. Situated in the extreme northwestern portion of the state of California and watered by the Trinity River, Hoopa valley, some 6 or 7 miles long and from one-half to a mile wide, is one of the oases in the wilderness of forest-covered mountains. The spot is very fertile, the soil in the valley being rich, black earth. Being surrounded by mountains from 2,500 to 3,000 feet high, it has a fine climate for a place situated so far north. The agency is at Colton, California. Fort Gaston, a United States post with a garrison, occupies a tract a mile square in the very center of the valley. Its reservation, however, covers the poorest portion of the valley. In both directions from the fort up and down the valley to either end of ‘the reservation Indians are comfortably housed in little wooden shanties or houses that have been built for them, yet some of them prefer to live in rough huts made by themselves, whose only entrance is a round hole to crawl through. The...

Pin It on Pinterest