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Establishment of Fort Gibson in 1824

By Act of Congress of March 2, 1819, Arkansas Territory was established July 4, embracing substantially all of what are now the states of Arkansas and Oklahoma; though the civil government of Arkansas Territory was limited to that section lying east of the Osage line, divided into counties, and embracing approximately the present state of Arkansas. That west of the Osage line was the Indian country, and in later years became known as Indian Territory. James Miller1 of New Hampshire was appointed the first Governor of Arkansas Territory, and among the duties of his office was that of supervision of the Indians within his jurisdiction. After the battle at Clermont’s Town an effort was made to induce the warring tribes to enter into a treaty of peace. This was accomplished in October 1818,2 in Saint Louis, in the presence of William Clark, the Governor of Missouri Territory. Directly after Governor Miller assumed his duties as executive, he was required to intervene between the Osage and Cherokee in an effort to prevent imminent hostilities growing out of the killing of a number of Cherokee hunters by a band of Osage under Mad Buffalo. In April 1820, Governor Miller departed from the seat of government at Arkansas Post, on his mission to the Cherokee and Osage. He was gone two months, and prevented temporarily at least – the threatened renewal of warfare by the Cherokee. He went first to the Cherokee settlements, where he sought to dissuade the members of that tribe from further hostilities by his promise that he would endeavor to secure from the Osage the murderers of their...

Biographical Sketch of Robert Y. Miller

Robert Y. Miller, senior member of the above firm, was born in Greenbrier county, Virginia, June 27, 1838. He is the son of Robert and Rachel Miller, natives of the State of Virginia. He came, with his parents, at the age of two years, to Daviess county, and was reared and educated here. He began life on his own account as a farmer and subsequently kept hotel in Jamesport for a period of three years. Mr. Miller was married in this county, December 31, 1863, to Miss Elizabeth E., daughter of Richard and Ann Hill, natives of Pocahontas county, Virginia. Mrs. Miller was born in this county, March 18, 1845. The issue of this union has been four children, only one of whom, Ida B., is now living. Mr. Miller is a Democrat and occupies the offices of justice of the peace and town treasurer. This firm established their present business in 1879. They are energetic, enterprising merchants and carry a well selected stock of hardware and agricultural...

Biography of James W. Miller

Was born near Staunton, Augusta county, Virginia, May 14, 1823, where he lived with his parents, George M. and Margaret A. Miller, until his fourteenth year. He received a common school education, having attended the early subscription schools of his native county. Leaving home in 1836, he went to Lexington, Rockbridge county, Virginia, where he was employed as a clerk in the store of Moore & McCue, remaining with them until 1840, when he was employed in the same capacity by Samuel B. Finley, of the same place. From Lexington he went to Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1842, and accepted a situation as clerk in the store of John Cochran, remaining until 1843, when he returned to Augusta county and was employed by Thomas McCorkle, of Greenville, where he remained until 1847, then became associated with his employer as a partner, at Anthony’s Creek, Greenbrier county, Virginia, under the firm name of McCorkle & Miller. Retiring from the firm in 1848, he went to Hillsborough, Pocahontas county, same State, where he established himself in the mercantile business and continued there until 1854, when he migrated to Missouri, and settled upon a farm in what is now Jamesport township, this county. In 1861 he cast his lot with the Confederacy, enlisting in the Missouri State Guards, under General William Y. Slack, Captain John McNeel, and serving during the war in the Trans-Mississippi department, General Sterling Price commanding… At the conclusion of hostilities he returned to Daviess county and, from that time up to 1877, gave his entire attention to farm pursuits, but since the latter date has been employed by different...

Biographical Sketch of Joseph Caraway

Joseph Caraway is a native of Greenbrier county, Virginia, and was born October 18, 1811. He was reared in the county of his birth and educated in the common schools of Virginia. In 1837 he left Virginia and traveled on horse-back to Vermillion county, Illinois, and after taking a rest there of two years, rode on to this county and entered the land where he now lives in 1839. He pitched his tent for once and all, and has never moved, except out of his first log cabin into his present dwelling, since 1839, or before he was married, and is one of the successful farmers of this county. He was married, October 1, 1840, to Miss Mary Kipers, who was born December 12, 1822. They had eight children; namely, Sarah J., born September 23, 1841; Elizabeth C., born September 15, 1845; Rebecca A., born December 13, 1847; Mary J., born September 23, 1850; Margaret S., born January 14, 1854; William T., born May 25, 1857; John A., born June 6, 1860; and George N., born May 11, 1863. Mrs. Mary Caraway died March 17, 1864. On August 22d, 1866, Mr. Caraway was united in marriage to Miss Rebecca McNeel. The date of her birth was May 8, 1836, in Logan county, Ohio. By this union they have two children: Eliza P., born September 12, 1869; and Joseph C., born October 30,...

Biographical Sketch of Allen Thomas Brown

Allen Thomas Brown was born in Greenbrier county, Virginia, May 22, 1850. When eight years old he came with his parents to Cass county this state, where the family settled and lived till 1863, when they again moved and settled in Daviess county. He therefore received his education partly in Cass and partly in this county. Arriving at an age to ” shift for himself” he began farming for a livelihood and continued the same till 1880, when he moved to Jamesport, where he has since been engaged in the restaurant and confectionery business. In April, 1881, he was elected marshal of the town of Jarnesport, and though his term is unexpired at this writing, he has thus far made a most efficient officer and every way merits the trust conferred. Mr. Brown was married in Johnson county, Missouri, December 24,1874, to Miss Mary T. Olinghouse. They are the parents of three children; named, respectively, Daisy B., born July 24, 1878; Oran W., born June 26, 1880, died August 17, 1881; and Orville F., born August 6, 1881. Mr. and Mrs. Brown are both highly esteemed by the people of...

Biography of William Henry McClung

William Henry McClung, son of Charles and Mary McClung, was born in what is now Jamesport township, this county, February 20, 1842. When he was five years old his parents removed to Greenbrier county, Virginia, where young McClung was reared a farmer, and attended the schools held an the log school houses prevalent in that portion of the country. The learning he thus acquired was meager, attending only one year, but he has by observation and study, since obtained a good business education. When he left home it was to become a soldier in the Confederate army, enlisting in the Greenbrier Cavalry in March, 1862, and served during the war in several divisions, the last being that commanded by Gen. William H. F. Lee. His regiment was among the troops surrendered at Appomattox, by Gen. Robert E. Lee. He arrived home about the first of May, 1865, and remained upon the old homestead with his mother until March 20, 1868, when he started for Missouri, arriving at Jamesport, this county, April 9, of the same year. He worked as a farm hand in that vicinity until the first of March, 1872, when he went to Jameson, and was employed as a clerk in the dry goods store of Threlkeld & Tucker, remaining in their employ until September, 1873, when he came to Gallatin and was employed in the mercantile house of Benton Miller, holding his position until March, 1875. In the following April he entered into partnership with D. Harfield Davis, under the firm name of Davis & McClung, and engaged in the drug business, from. which he retired...

Biography of James Scott Cummings, M. D.

James Scott Cummings, M. D. A former president of the State Board of Health, a member of the Legislature, and otherwise prominent in local and state affairs, Doctor Cummings is a pioneer physician of Bronson in Bourbon County, and both through his profession and as a citizen he had found many ways in which to make his career count for benefit to his community. Doctor Cummings represents a pioneer family in Southeastern Kansas. He was born in Parke County, Indiana, June 8, 1851. His Cummings ancestors were emigrants from the North of Ireland to Virginia in colonial times. Doctor Cummings is a grandson of Samuel Cummings, who was born in 1784 in Greenbrier County in that portion of Virginia now the State of West Virginia. He was both a tanner and a farmer. He brought his family west during the ’30s and settled in Parke County, Indiana, where he died in 1858, seven years after Doctor Cummings was born. Samuel Cummings married Rachel McClung. John M. Cummings, father of Doctor Cummings, was born in Rockbridge County, Virginia, September 13, 1820, and spent the first sixteen years of his life in his native locality until his parents moved west to Parke County, Indiana. In Parke County he found employment in his father’s tannery until he was thirty years of age, was married at that time in life, and afterwards gave his activities to farming. His attention was early attracted to Kansas. In 1867 he visited in this state in Allen County, and in 1869 came to that county as a permanent settler. He bought a farm in the vicinity of...

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