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The Archaic Period of Lake Okeechobee

Archaeologists define the Archaic Period in southern Florida as lasting from around 7500 BC to around 500 BC.1 During the first half of this period, there were (in geological time) rapid environmental changes in the Florida Peninsula. In the latter half of this period, there were rapid cultural changes in Southeastern North America, but it is not known at the present time how completely those changes were manifested in southern Florida. A cultural connection between the Lake Okeechobee Basin and northeast Georgia remains little known, both inside and outside the archaeology profession. The Younger Dryas Stadial was a (1,300 ± period of cold climatic conditions and drought which occurred between approximately 10,800 and 9,500 years BC.2 Climatologists believe that the Gulf Stream shut down during this period. This could have potentially caused stark environmental changes in the Florida Peninsula, since heat energy would have not been transported across the Atlantic Ocean to Europe. Between 11,000 and 7,000 BC there was widespread extinction of large mammals in North America. Notable extinctions in Florida during this period included the American Mastodon, Florida Speckled Bear and Giant Sloth.3 No evidence has been found of mastodons living in South Florida. There were no natural barriers between southern and northern Florida, which would have blocked migration, but the southern part of the peninsula may have lacked suitable vegetation for the mastodon diet. Early Archaic Period (8000 BC to 6000 BC) During this period, ocean levels rose dramatically, due to the melting of the North American glacial sheet.4 This resulted in both the land area declining rapidly and water tables rising in the remaining landscape....

Biography of Alonzo Beal

Few men have prospered in a greater degree than Alonzo Beal of Shawnee County. He came to Kansas when a boy, had a varied routine of experiences as a farm laborer, renter, western cowboy, and finally settled down to a carser which had brought him to a place where he is one of the largest land owners and cattlemen operators in this section of Kansas. He was born near Newtown in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, November 20, 1862, one of ten children, seven of whom are still living. His parents were Harlan and Cynthia (Ashor) Beal. His father, who was a farmer, died in Ohio in 1867. The mother lived in Ohio until her death in 1895. Five years of age when his father died, Alonzo grew up on the home farm with his mother, and at an early age had to assume more than ordinary responsibilities. In fact he contributed his labors to the support of the household. He had only a district school education. While living in Ohio he learned that better wages were paid farm hands in the State of Iowa and at the age of seventeen he set his steps in that direction. For about a year he remained in Lucas and Chariton counties of Iowa. His sister, Mrs. Edward Mitchell, was at that time living about three miles west of North Topeka. On arriving in Kansas Alonzo Beal spent a season in working for Mr. Mitchell, and then began farming for himself. He rented a farm for one year, then spent six months in Nuckolls County, Nebraska, clerking in his brother’s store at Superior, and...

Walter Bradford Todd of Fort Myers FL

Walter Bradford Todd8, (William S.7, David6, Titus5, Titus4, Benjamin3, Michael2, Christopher1) born Jan. 4, 1880, in Ridgefield, Conn., married in 1903, Lucy M., daughter of Robert Jay Walsh. He attended the primary grades of the public schools in Ridgefield, Conn. In 1893, he became a student at Kings School in Stamford, Conn. In Nov., 1896, he secured a position in the Greenwich Trust Company, of Greenwich, Conn., and in 1906 he became its treasurer, which position he held for several years. In 1919, he was living at Fort Myers, Fla. Children: 2335. Ruth Bradford, b. April 5, 1908. 2336. Anna Walsh, b. Oct. 12, 1909. 2337. Edith Isabelle, b. June 10,...

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