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1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 1

Sir On the 20th Inftant M. Elliot came into the fort, and it seems that matters goes on very bad by the Oppinion the Indians have Consived of us so Suddenly, on Account of Jellousy for he want of the Ammunition, on Such a criticall Juncture of time, not only war, but they cant go out and kill a bit of meat for their family’s, that in Short they imagine we want oly a Large quantity of Privifsions and Ammunition in the fort, and then a body of men will come up and od what we pleafe with them, as we Deprive them from Ammunition and every thing else, after So many promifses to them, M. Elliot acquainted me that the next day there was to do a meeting at his houfe of Several headmen on this very Account, and that he thought they would not let him go to Charles Town, except Some few of them Should go with him, in order to know the Refon why they were not provided with thofe Necefsary’s that they want, I told him to bring them here, and I should be glad to Redrefs their greviances and if any of them would go to Charles Town with him that I would be glad, and Shall write to the Governour in their favour, and that ehy will be convinced in a Little time, that they are now settling a Trade on a proper footing for this Nation, and that I told them no Lyes, he Said he would propofe what I Said to them, and do what he could to bring them,...

1759, August 28, Fort Loudoun

Sir Your Dispatches of the 31st of July, I recd. By James Holmes: I acquainted your Excellency by Charles McCuningham of the Little Carpenter being gone to Warr, with thirty Young fellows and Willi_awaw, with him. He was no sooner gone but I found great attentions in the Disposition and Mind of the Indians; for he kept them very quiet. Tho’ I thank God I live here very easy, in the Upper Towns, and I hear no bad Talks, tho I do not know how long it will continue. I have Recd. Intelligence from the Lower Towns, that it is not so with them, and that they have very bad Talks, and bring White People’s Scalps every Day. They give out there (tho without any foundation) that the Little Carpenter is gone to the French Fort, to make a Peace with the French, and that as soon as he comes back, the Warr will Begin. They may say what they please, I do not believe it, and am almost sure of the company, for a little white before he went away he gave me all the Afsurance of Friendship for the English, and desird me not to mind what I was told in his absence that he was going for Fort Afsumption, to endeavour to a French Prisoner, that he might know what the French were about, and to go immediately to your Excellency that you might consult together, what was to be done afterwards. A Little While ago, hearing that the Slave Catcher of Chotee, and severall other Cherokee Indians, had been to the Albama Fort; and being...

1759, April 6, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 14th Isntn. Arrived the Exprefs with Dispatches from you Excellency, I hope James Holme’s whom I have sent with an Exprefs to Your Excellency is Arrived Safe, I afshure you When I sent Him, we did not know what to make of the Indian’s there was Nothing but bad talks Amongst them, & they had Meetings every day, Old Hopp & the Standing Turkey seem’d to Protect them verry much, I do not know what to make of Judge Friend, I have great reason to believe that Willinaway is sincere, he has been Constantly at there Meetings, And opposed them when they were giving bad talks, & has Allways Given me Notice of it, The other Day they had a Great Meeting Where all the head Men Where present & the Mortar finding that his Proposals were not Approved of by the Comisiners he began to drop his bad talks, deny’d that his Name was the Mortar, that he was Called the Wolf, & a friend to the English, & the next day went Away but said he wou’d Soon return, Some of the head men Afsured us we need not be under Any Apprehension for they wou’d not Give Ear to their bad talks, The exprefs has brought me a letter from the Little Carpenter, wherein he desired me to Acqua. Old Hopp, that he was Sorry to hear that there was bad talks Amongst them, & desires that he wou’d not give Earr to the Lyes that is pafsing through the Nation, that he has made up every thing with the Governour of Virginia, &...

1757, June 1, The Creek Nation

Dearest Friend, I hope your goodnefs will excuse the freedome of my Exprofsing my Self as it flows from a Sole truly sencible of the many remarcable Instances of friendship I havereed from you, A Detail of my trouble & misfortunes, can not be new to you as they must have reach’d your ears, before this time, The flights of ungovernd youth aded to my trouble of Leaveing Fort Loudoun Exageratied by the force of Excefsive Drinking at Theowee deprived me of my reason & has occasioned a misquidence in my Conduct which has thrown me into the utmost Trouble and Misery, its riported that I intended to go to the french but I most Solomosly Declare no such Design ever entered into my Immajination for I was on my way to Charlestown when Capt. Pepper sent after me and has ordered me Down undor a Guard having first taken from me my __ath’s, Sword & Pistols, & my Sirits are so Deprefs’d and weigh’d down with Care & _______that my Senses have allmost left me. Oh Wretched Man that I am Loaded with Care and covered with misfortunes for God sake my Dear Capt. Demere __frend me in this my verry great Trouble, I am sencible what influence your Letters have, Oh for God sake afsist me & Mke me your Vafe all that I may repay your goodnefs Oh my first friend If I have ever rendered my Service to you or the Publick place it first in yourvien God knows what they will do with me in Charles Town but I do most humble pray you...

1759, May 5, Fort Loudoun

Sir As j am incertain when j shall be relived, j have sent the Woman, that was the Care of the Store, to buy Some Necessares of Lift, by her j sent to your Excellency a test of jndian’s Baskets, and a Beaver’s Skin which j beg you will accept, and if any thing Else Cover these Mountains & is agreeable to you, j shall be obliged to you to send me your Orders, and j shall do my best Endeavour to get it. as Every Thing is quiet now in these Parts j have wrote to Lieut. Coytmore to not send men here for fear to disoblidge the jndians, till he should hear further from your Excellency, and in case j should hear of the approach of the Enemy j would sent for them, besides as Carriage for Provisions is very heavy on the Publick, and Some time very difficult, j a afraid that Some time or other, we should be in want having great Number of Men here. J shall allways thought that the Certificates of the People whom your Excellency approved of had been Constantly accepted, til the other Duy when four of them were Sent back again to me and a imagined they were as good as the Bank j did take them to make Payments in Town. J refer to Dr. Matin, and Dr. Richadrdson whether they could get any Linguster, except at 25 pds. Or month, and Even had ones, they get from the Traders 15 pds. Pr. Month and leave to load a Horse, and that j employ is the best Linguistor...

1759, April 12, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 5th of Febry. 1758, j sent on Acct. to your Excellency of Thing issued to the jndians to the Amount of 355 Curoy. In favour of Messrs. Sonjn. Smith & ____________and as those Gentlemen never wrote to me about it, j am afraid it was never pat’d therefore j beg, your Excellency will Speack that j may be pay’d, it was 3 Days after my arrival, and all the Gentlemen then present persuaded me to do it as my Brother had not Enough to give to large Gang of Indians that came from War. The other Day two Certificates that j gave to Beacon that take to keep the Glacis in good Repair, Came back not accepted j assure your Excellency that man gets little by his Salary, for he is very often obliged to hire people to assist him to Cut Pincheons for the Ditches and to Carry Earth of the Glacis, as it is often washed down by the Rain. Mr. Smith wrote me word, that the Committee had cut of thirty Pounds of Six Months Salary due to the Smith. J assure you that j am afraid to Speack to him about it, for fear he would not work any more, for he is Constantly at work, the Indians bringing Every Day Some Thing or other to do, and j cant deny them. I am with Respect. Sir Your Excellency’s Most Obedient and most humble Servant Paul...

1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 2

Sir This Morning I Delivered my Dispatches to M. Elliot, and was in hopes that he had been thirty Miles off when in the Evening the Bearer of theis Moyetoy of Chota a Leading man came to me and told me that he had an inclinaiton to go to Charles Town with M. Elliot, this thing is done on purpofe, for Elliot is afraid to be arrefted and he thinks that having Some Indians with him, that he will be protected and come off, which I hope he may on Account of the Publick good, he did what ever he could to have the great warriour to go with him, and he had promised him to the very, Laft, and was to have carryed his Commifsion with him, that if in café Elliot had been arrefted to have given it up if he had not been Set at Liberty immediately, I conclude with the Greateft of Respect Sir Your Excellecny most humble & Obedient Servant Ray Demere It will be proper to take some notice of the man, what he Says when he comes back will have a great...

1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 3

Sir I had the honour of writing to your Excellency this day b M. Elliot who went from the fort about Two hors ago, the Bearer hereof Amahatoy came this Minute and Acquainted me that he had a very great Inclination to Accompany Elliot to Town of which I have informed Captain Demere, altho it is not altogether agreable to Captain De,ere that he does go yet he does not Choose to hinder him at this time. He is a man of Some Note here being a head man and a Warriour, and altho old hop and the Carpenter said nothing about it, he certainly goes with their Consent and Approbation be insisted much on my Writing by him which occasions my Troubling Your Excellency with this Letter what he says at his return will have great weight with the Indians. It is probable M. Elliot may have Some View in carrying this fellow down. If Elliot cannot procure Credit for goods it will not be so proper that he should be the first to bring accounts of it to the Indians. I hope Your Excellency will Excuse the Freedome with which I write my Sentiments concerning affairs in this Nation I am with the Greatest Respect Sir Your Excellency’s Most obedient and most humble Servant John Stuart Fort Loudoun 23 July 1757 To His Excelly Gov....

1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 4

Sir When I began the Last Leter which I had the honour of writing to your excellency, I though nothing could be more certainly depended on than that all French Talks were forgotten and all their Machination Frustrated in this nation but before I had finished the mefsenger Sent by these people to the Creek nation returned, we found out that they had been with the Savannahs and at the Albama Fort, and we had reason to believe from the behaviour and Character of the persons who had been Employed on that Embafsie, that the mefsages they Carried and brought back were not favourable to us, the heads of all the Towns in the Nation were Summonsed to meet at Chota on the 14th Currant, but very few of the Leading men Came from the Valley and Lower Towns and but for a few from the Middle Settlements. They said Publickly that they Expected to hear nothing good, and that they were tired of bad Talks, about the Same time Captain Demere received M. Pepper’s Seller from New windsor acquainting him with the information he had received from the Coveta’s of these peoples designes against us here and of their proposalls to the Creek nation, I thought it not improper to Speak to the Carpenter on this Subject, acquainting him that our information came by the Creeks for altho we would not be accefsaries to an open breach yet a dess________or Jealousy which may creat a Coolnefs can be of no difsadvatage to us, the Carpenter Seemed Surprised but professed freindship for us in the warmest manner and desired...

1759, September 13, Fort Loudoun

Sir By mere chance I receiv’d Your Dispatches of the 15th Ultimate, & can afsure You that the Indians over here were peaceable until they heard the Ammunition was stop’d, & then they grew very uneasy; & the Mefsenger which Old-Hop & the Standing Turkey had sent to the Albama Fort returning at the same Time, took that opportunity of telling them that the time was now come for the English to cut him off, which they might plainly see by their stopping the Ammunition, this made them worse. And being inform’d that there was some Provisions on the Road, the Man-killer of that town, with some more, went out & way-laid the Road for them, & kill’d one Peter, a Man belonging to Mr. Beamer, who happen’d to be foremost with his Horfes, & I imagine wou’d have kill’d the other, had not Captain C__sar been in company with him, the 7th Instant, being the last Day of their Green Corn Dance. The town of Settiquo taking part with Telliquo , sent four men to way-lay this fort, where they kill’d & scalp’d a Man within a hundred Yards of our Corn Field; & last night, some Fellows belonging to the same Town, killed & scalp’d one William Veal, that traded in Chittowee. Four Days ago I sent a Part of Men to drive in the Cattle, & soon after they went I perceiv’d a great number of Indians going the same way, & was afraid that they were gone to way-lay & cut them off, but the Party returning with the Cattle soon after my fears were...
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