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Native American History of Early County, Georgia

Early County is named after Peter Early, who was born in Madison, Virginia in 1773, but spent his adult life in Georgia. Early was a lawyer, judge, state representative, state senator, U.S. Congressman and governor of Georgia during the Creek Redstick War. He died in 1817, the year before Early County was created. The county seat of Early County is the town of Blakely. Early County is bounded on the north by Clay County, GA. On the south, it is bordered by Seminole County, GA, southeast by Miller County, GA and southwest by Houston County, Alabama. The county’s western boundaries are formed by the Chattahoochee River, the Alabama State Line and Henry County, AL. On the east, it is bordered by Baker County, GA. On the northeast, it is bordered by Calhoun County, GA. Geology and hydrology Early County is located in the Upper Gulf Coastal Plain. In most areas of the Gulf Coastal Plain the terrain is almost level with sandy loam soils. The soils located in stream former Miocene, Pliocene and Holocene swamplands (25 million to 2,000 years ago) can be extremely fertile. Because of their sandy structure, they were particular attractive to Native American farmers, who only had crude stone and bone tools with which to till the soil. In Early County, these sandy loam soils primarily occur on a series of terraces rising from the Chattahoochee River and in narrow bands along major streams. The Chattahoochee Red Clay Hills run through the eastern portion of Early County. Here, there are ravines created by streams flowing westward through soft sedimentary soils. There are some areas of...

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