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Quapaw Indians

Quapaw Tribe: Meaning “downstream people.” They were known by some form of this word to the Omaha, Ponca, Kansa, Osage, and Creeks. Also called: Akansa, or Arkansas, by the Illinois and other Algonquian Indians, a name probably derived from one of the Quapaw social subdivisions. Beaux Hommes, a name given them by the French. Bow Indians, so-called probably because the bow wood from the Osage orange came from or through their country. Ima, by the Caddo, probably from one of their towns. Papikaha, on Marquette’s map (1673). Utsushuat, Wyandot name, meaning “wild apple,” and referring to the fruit of the Carica papaya. Quapaw Connections. The Quapaw were one of the five tribes belonging to what J. O. Dorsey (1897) called the Cegiha division of the Siouan linguistic stock. Quapaw Location. At or near the mouth of Arkansas River. (See also Louisiana, Kansas, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Texas.) Quapaw Villages Tongigua, on the Mississippi side of Mississippi River above the mouth of the Arkansas, probably in Bolivar County, Miss. Tourima, at the junction of White River with the Mississippi, Desha County, probably the town’ elsewhere called Imaha. Ukakhpakhti, on the Mississippi, probably in Phillips County. Uzutiuhi, on the south side of the lower course of Arkansas River not far from Arkansas Post. Quapaw History Before the French became acquainted with this tribe (in 1673) the Quapaw had lived on Ohio River above its junction with the Wabash, and that portion of the Ohio was known as Arkansas River by the Illinois from this circumstance. It was formerly thought that the Pacaha or Capaha met by De Soto in this part of...

Houses of the Quapaw Tribe

The Quapaw, the southernmost tribe of the Dhegiha group, occupied several villages west of the Mississippi, near the mouth of the Arkansas. When the closely allied tribes had removed from their ancient habitat in the upper valley of the Ohio, and had arrived at the mouth of that stream, the Quapaw are believed to have, turned southward while the others went northward. The name of the tribe, Quapaw, signifies “downstream people;” Omaha being translated “those going against the wind or current.” As a people they seem to have been known to the members of the De Soto expedition about 1541, probably occupying villages on or near the sites of the settlements visited by the French during the latter part of the next century. Père Marquette, while on his memorable journey down the Mississippi, in the year 1673, went as far as the mouth of the Arkansas, where he lingered a few days before returning northward on July 17. The villages of the Quapaw, designated the Arkansa, were reached, but the habitations were only briefly described: “Their cabins, which are long and wide, are made of bark; they sleep at the two extremities, which are raised about two feet from the ground. They keep their corn in large baskets, made of cane, or in gourds, as large as half barrels.” They used both wooden dishes and “plates of baked earth. Their cooking was done in large earthen pots, of their own make.”1 But the most interesting early account of the villages is contained in Joutel’s narrative of La Salle’s last expedition, when he attempted to reach the Illinois country overland...

Desha County, Arkansas Census

  Desha County, Arkansas was formed from Arkansas County in 1838. 1840 Desha County, Arkansas Census Free 1840 Census Form for your Research Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial Free 1840 Census Index 1840 Desha County, Census (images and index) $ 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems Free 1840 Census Transcription Hosted at Census Guide 1840 U.S. Census Guide 1850 Desha County, Arkansas Census Free 1850 Census Form for your Research Free 1850 Census Images (partially indexed) Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial Free 1850 Census Index 1850 Desha County, Census (images and index) $ 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems Hosted at Census Guide 1850 U.S. Census Guide 1860 Desha County, Arkansas Census Free 1860 Census Form for your Research Free 1860 Census Images and Index Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial 1860 Desha County, Census (images and index) $ 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems Hosted at Census Guide 1860 U.S. Census Guide 1870 Desha County, Arkansas Census Free 1870 Census Form for your Research Free 1870 Census Images and Index Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial 1870 Desha County, Census (images and index) $ 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems Hosted at Census Guide 1870 U.S. Census Guide 1880 Desha County, Arkansas Census Free 1880 Census Form for your Research Free 1880 Census Transcription Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial 1880 Desha County, Census (images and index) $ 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems Hosted at Census Guide 1880 U.S. Census Guide 1890 Desha County, Arkansas Census Free 1890 Census Form for your Research Hosted at Ancestry.com – Ancestry Free Trial 1890 Veterans Schedule $ 1810-1890 Accelerated Indexing Systems Hosted at Census Guide...

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