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Native American History of Decatur County, Georgia

Decatur County is named after War of 1812 naval hero, Commodore Stephen Decatur. Its county seat is Bainbridge. It is located in the far southwestern corner of Georgia and adjoins Florida. Decatur County is bounded on the north by Miller County, GA. On the northeast, it is bounded by Mitchell and Baker Counties, GA.  Its western boundary is formed by the Flint and Chattahoochee Rivers. On the east, it is bordered by Grady County, GA. On the west, it is bordered by Seminole County, GA. On the south, it is bordered by the Florida State Line and Gadsden County, FL. Geology and hydrology Decatur County is located in the Upper Gulf Coastal Plain. In most areas of the Gulf Coastal Plain the terrain is almost level with sandy loam soils. The Florida Aquifer is located beneath the surface in porous sedimentary rock strata. The soils located in stream former Miocene, Pliocene and Holocene swamplands (25 million to 2,000 years ago) can be extremely fertile. Because of their sandy structure, they were particular attractive to Native American farmers, who only had crude stone and bone tools with which to till the soil. In Decatur County, these sandy loam soils primarily occur on a series of terraces rising from the Flint River and in narrow bands along major streams. All of Decatur County drains into either the Flint or Chattahoochee Rivers. Lake Seminole covers the original confluence of these two rivers and the southwestern corner of the county. The Flint enters the county in its northwestern corner then flows southward along its western boundary with Alabama. Large Native American trade canoes...

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